8 releases

new 0.2.0 Mar 16, 2023
0.1.8 Dec 20, 2022
0.1.7 Nov 9, 2022
0.1.6 Sep 16, 2022
0.1.5 Aug 31, 2022

#31 in Science

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59 downloads per month

MIT/Apache and maybe LGPL-3.0


CI Crate Crate Downloads


Pure Rust translation of scipy for reliable cross-platform and cross-tier behavior. See the sibling repo, https://github.com/qsib-cbie/sciprs, for pythonic interaction with this library. sci-rs will prefer idiomatic Rust with feature parity to the scipy interface when possible.

Memory usage is a priority. While use_std is a default feature, the library will prefer implementations that do not require runtime allocations, unless noted otherwise.

Nightly Feature Instability

With no future fixes in sight, all nightly features will be hidden behind a maybe broken feature unstable. This breaks much of the const generic implementations that support no_std use, but at least dyn features will be available on stable.

https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/issues/106423 has been glaciered and there isn't anyone working on fixing const-generic-exprs right now. There isn't anyone available on that working group to mentor new people to work on them either.

There will be some backtracking to move sci-rs to stable until there is a more clear path forward for Rust support.

What does work

Butterworth bandpass filter design to SOS or BA. SOS filtering with sosfilt and sosfiltfilt. Statistics like standard deviation or median.

use sci_rs::signal::filter::{design::*, sosfiltfilt_dyn};
let filter = iirfilter_dyn::<f32>(
    vec![10., 50.],
let DigitalFilter::Sos(sos) = filter else { panic!("Not SOS filter") };
let data = (0..100000).map(|i| i as f32);
let filtered: Vec<f32> = sosfiltfilt_dyn(data, &sos.sos);

Some old docs with some things that may work

Python :: Replace scipy with sciprs

Here is an example of python that uses sosfiltfilt to bandpass a numpy array

import numpy as np
# from scipy.signal import butter, sosfiltfilt
from sciprs.signal import butter, sosfiltfilt

raw = np.array([0.0, 0.09414586007215595, 0.18745540640340155, ...])
sos = butter(4, [10, 50], btype='bandpass', output='sos', fs=1666)
np_ndarray_filtered_by_rust_code = sosfiltfilt(buttersos, raw, 0)

Rust :: Conventions

Functions that end with .*_st do not require allocation. Functions that end with .*_dyn require allocation. Static implementations are preferred for maximizing the no_std feature set, but some algorithms require allocation and nightly compiler featuers are brittle. An example would be sosfilt_st and sosfilt_dyn, where benchmarks show negligible performance changes between static and dynamic implementations and 8.6x performance improvement over scipy.signal.sosfilt with the same data and parameters.

We use nightly with features generic_const_exprs and generic_args_infer to allow static functions to compute intermediate and output sizing when possible. As these features are not complete or stabilized, the .*_dyn implementations can be considered more stable than .*_st.

Rust Goal :: Copy paste python with macros

In order to minimize friction from using scipy python code directly in rust, sci-rs will include a macro system for python-compatible syntax to expand the sci-rs side logic that is currently interacting with pyo3 and the local python runtime. The following doesn't exist but provides a vision for the future compatibility.

let filtered_data: nalgebra::DVector<f64> = sciprs! {
    raw = np.array([0.0, 0.09414586007215595, 0.18745540640340155, 0.27909975437050305, 0.3682648115914595])
    sos = butter(4, [10, 50], btype='bandpass', output='sos', fs=1666)
    sosfiltfilt(sos, raw, 0)


Install the nightly toolchain, rustup toolchain install nightly, rust-toolchain.toml asks for configures the toolchain choice.

Nightly builds have been broken since Nov, 2022, see https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/issues/106423. Default features compile on stable.

By default, sccache is enabled to match CI builds and improve build from clean speeds for some of the heavier dependent crates. Install with cargo install sccache --no-default-features.

In general, cargo build, cargo test, and cargo doc work like usual. sci-rs does not bind against your local python installation like sciprs will. The CI workflow runs the unit tests via cargo nextest run to disallow slow unit tests and to facilitate JUnit + GitHub integration.

When building ndarray or nalgebra, you should not need LAPACK or blas, but eventually it will be an option to accelerate usage on systems that have the option.

System Linear Algebra Dependency

I haven't decided if we will be primarily using ndarray or nalgebra, for now both are supported. Either going back to python can be converted to a numpy ndarray with the python runtime. Between the two crates, one of the primary reasons for creating sci-rs is to support targets that may not have reasonable access to LAPACK or blas. The choice of library will be determined on feature compatibility rather than performance. That said, there will be many instances where the performance is great, and there will be benchmarks.

ndarray and nalgebra both have features related to matrixmultiply and lapack.

Iterator patterns are used where possible for better compatibility. In the future, rayon may be on the radar for parallelizing compute.


To compare functionality between sci-rs, sciprs, and scipy, some tests include values that were manually extracted for comparison. The versions are frozen in requirements.txt. Along with the virtualenv usage for sciprs, It is recommended to also develop sci-rs against a venv with frozen versions.

  • Creating a venv
    • python3 -m venv venv creates a venv folder that is already gitignore'd
  • Activating a venv
    • source venv/bin/activate
  • Installing the frozen package versions for development
    • pip3 install -r requirements.txt
  • Deactivating the venv
    • deactivate


For correctness, results from scipy are directly compared with sciprs output. At the moment, this requires manual scripting and testing. A local python virtualenv is recommended for development of this crate.


Tests may be used to explore, so gnuplot is a required dev dependency. You can find more info at http://www.gnuplot.info

  • macOS
    • brew install gnuplot
  • linux
    • apt install gnuplot

Use println!("x = {:?}", x); to print out floating point data in a format that is copy-pastable into python:

sin_wave = [0.0, 0.5877852522924731, 0.9510565162951535, 0.9510565162951536, 0.5877852522924732, 1.2246467991473532e-16, -0.587785252292473, -0.9510565162951535, -0.9510565162951536, -0.5877852522924734]

Use gnuplot to plot your data directly in the terminal or in a separate window

let mut fig = Figure::new();
        .map(|(i, _)| i)
    &[Caption("Sin Wave")],
// Comment out the dumb terminal setting to make a test interactive!
fig.set_pre_commands("set term dumb 100 40");
    1 +-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------+  
        |                 ************                                                      |
        |               **            **                                   Sin Wave ******* |
    0.8 |+           ***                **                                                 +|
        |          **                     **                                                |
    0.6 |+       **                         **                                             +|
        |       *                             *                                             |
        |      *                               **                                           |
    0.4 |+    *                                  *                                         +|
        |   **                                    *                                         |
    0.2 |+ *                                       *                                       +|
        | *                                         **                                      |
        |*                                            *                                     |
    0 |+                                             *                                   +|  
        |                                               *                                   |
        |                                                *                                  |
-0.2 |+                                                *                                +|   
        |                                                  **                               |
-0.4 |+                                                   *                             +|   
        |                                                     *                             |
        |                                                      *                            |
-0.6 |+                                                      **                         *|   
        |                                                         **                     ** |
-0.8 |+                                                          **                 **  +|   
        |                                                             **             **     |
        |                                                               *************       |
    -1 +-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------+ 
        0        1         2        3        4         5        6        7         8        9

Maturin + Scipy + Sciprs + Numpy + Matplotlib

Once a method is implemented locally, your local sciprs crate can point to its dependency at your local sci-rs directory sci-rs = { path = "../sci-rs" }. You can maturin develop to build and install changes made in Rust and script comparisons directly through python.

(sciprs-env) jwtrueb@macbook-pro sciprs % maturin develop --release
🔗 Found pyo3 bindings
🐍 Found CPython 3.9 at /Users/jwtrueb/Desktop/workspace/sciprs/sciprs-env/bin/python
   Compiling autocfg v1.1.0
   Compiling target-lexicon v0.12.4
   Compiling nalgebra v0.31.1
   Compiling numpy v0.16.2
   Compiling sci-rs v0.1.2 (/Users/jwtrueb/Desktop/workspace/sci-rs/sci-rs)
   Compiling nalgebra-numpy v0.3.0 (https://github.com/qsib-cbie/nalgebra-numpy#427a8135)
   Compiling sciprs v0.1.0 (/Users/jwtrueb/Desktop/workspace/sciprs)
    Finished release [optimized] target(s) in 12.10s
📦 Built wheel for CPython 3.9 to /var/folders/n_/s24_t4gj6rnf7r2kxj376df40000gn/T/.tmphMfGAv/sciprs-0.1.0-cp39-cp39-macosx_11_0_arm64.whl

importlib.reload doesn't work, so you need to relaunch the interpreter each time.

# load the module with the new Rust code
import sciprs

# do what you want


~136K SLoC