3 unstable releases

0.10.1-rc Dec 21, 2023
0.10.0-rc Sep 28, 2023
0.7.2-rc Jun 7, 2023
0.0.0 Dec 7, 2022

#1269 in Network programming

50 downloads per month

EPL-2.0 OR Apache-2.0

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Eclipse Zenoh

The Eclipse Zenoh: Zero Overhead Pub/sub, Store/Query and Compute.

Zenoh (pronounce /zeno/) unifies data in motion, data at rest and computations. It carefully blends traditional pub/sub with geo-distributed storages, queries and computations, while retaining a level of time and space efficiency that is well beyond any of the mainstream stacks.

Check the website zenoh.io and the roadmap for more detailed information.

MQTT plugin and standalone zenoh-bridge-mqtt

👉 Install latest release: see below

👉 Docker image: see below

👉 Build "master" branch: see below


MQTT is a pub/sub protocol leveraging a broker to route the messages between the MQTT clients. The MQTT plugin for Eclipse Zenoh acts as a MQTT broker, accepting connections from MQTT clients (V3 and V5) and translating the MQTT pub/sub into a Zenoh pub/sub. I.e.:

  • a MQTT publication on topic device/123/temperature is routed as a Zenoh publication on key expression device/123/temperature
  • a MQTT subscription on topic device/# is mapped to a Zenoh subscription on key expression device/**

This allows a close intergration of any MQTT system with Zenoh, but also brings to MQTT systems the benefits of a Zenoh routing infrastructure. Some examples of use cases:

  • Routing MQTT from the device to the Edge and to the Cloud
  • Bridging 2 distinct MQTT systems across the Internet, with NAT traversal
  • Pub/sub to MQTT via the Zenoh REST API
  • MQTT-ROS2 (robot) communication
  • Store MQTT publications in any Zenoh storage (RocksDB, InfluxDB, file system...)
  • MQTT record/replay with InfluxDB as a storage

The MQTT plugin for Eclipse Zenoh is available either as a dynamic library to be loaded by the Zenoh router (zenohd), either as a standalone executable (zenoh-bridge-mqtt) that can acts as a Zenoh client or peer.


zenoh-bridge-mqtt can be configured via a JSON5 file passed via the -cargument. You can see a commented example of such configuration file: DEFAULT_CONFIG.json5.

The "mqtt" part of this same configuration file can also be used in the configuration file for the zenoh router (within its "plugins" part). The router will automatically try to load the plugin library (zenoh_plugin_mqtt) at startup and apply its configuration.

zenoh-bridge-mqtt also accepts the following arguments. If set, each argument will override the similar setting from the configuration file:

  • zenoh-related arguments:
    • -c, --config <FILE> : a config file
    • -m, --mode <MODE> : The zenoh session mode. Default: peer Possible values: peer or client.
      See zenoh documentation for more details.
    • -l, --listen <LOCATOR> : A locator on which this router will listen for incoming sessions. Repeat this option to open several listeners. Example of locator: tcp/localhost:7447.
    • -e, --peer <LOCATOR> : A peer locator this router will try to connect to (typically another bridge or a zenoh router). Repeat this option to connect to several peers. Example of locator: tcp/<ip-address>:7447.
    • --no-multicast-scouting : disable the zenoh scouting protocol that allows automatic discovery of zenoh peers and routers.
    • -i, --id <hex_string> : The identifier (as an hexadecimal string - e.g.: 0A0B23...) that the zenoh bridge must use. WARNING: this identifier must be unique in the system! If not set, a random UUIDv4 will be used.
    • --rest-http-port [PORT | IP:PORT] : Configures HTTP interface for the REST API (disabled by default, setting this option enables it). Accepted values:
      • a port number
      • a string with format <local_ip>:<port_number> (to bind the HTTP server to a specific interface).
  • MQTT-related arguments:
    • -p, --port [PORT | IP:PORT] : The address to bind the MQTT server. Default: "". Accepted values:
      • a port number ("" will be used as IP to bind, meaning any interface of the host)
      • a string with format <local_ip>:<port_number> (to bind the MQTT server to a specific interface).
    • -s, --scope <String> : A string added as prefix to all routed MQTT topics when mapped to a zenoh key expression. This should be used to avoid conflicts when several distinct MQTT systems using the same topics names are routed via Zenoh.
    • -a, --allow <String> : A regular expression matching the MQTT topic name that must be routed via zenoh. By default all topics are allowed. If both --allow and --deny are set a topic will be allowed if it matches only the 'allow' expression.
    • --deny <String> : A regular expression matching the MQTT topic name that must not be routed via zenoh. By default no topics are denied. If both --allow and --deny are set a topic will be allowed if it matches only the 'allow' expression.
    • -w, --generalise-pub <String> : A list of key expressions to use for generalising the declaration of the zenoh publications, and thus minimizing the discovery traffic (usable multiple times). See this blog for more details.
    • -r, --generalise-sub <String> : A list of key expressions to use for generalising the declaration of the zenoh subscriptions, and thus minimizing the discovery traffic (usable multiple times). See this blog for more details.

Admin space

The zenoh bridge for MQTT exposes an administration space allowing to get some information on its status and configuration. This administration space is accessible via any zenoh API, including the REST API that you can activate at zenoh-bridge-mqtt startup using the --rest-http-port argument.

The zenoh-bridge-mqtt exposes this administration space with paths prefixed by @/service/<uuid>/mqtt (where <uuid> is the unique identifier of the bridge instance). The informations are then organized with such paths:

  • @/service/<uuid>/mqtt/version : the bridge version
  • @/service/<uuid>/mqtt/config : the bridge configuration

Example of queries on administration space using the REST API with the curl command line tool (don't forget to activate the REST API with --rest-http-port 8000 argument):

  • curl http://localhost:8000:/@/service/**

Pro tip: pipe the result into jq command for JSON pretty print or transformation.

How to install it

To install the latest release of either the MQTT plugin for the Zenoh router, either the zenoh-bridge-mqtt standalone executable, you can do as follows:

Manual installation (all platforms)

All release packages can be downloaded from:

Each subdirectory has the name of the Rust target. See the platforms each target corresponds to on https://doc.rust-lang.org/stable/rustc/platform-support.html

Choose your platform and download:

  • the zenoh-plugin-mqtt-<version>-<platform>.zip file for the plugin.
    Then unzip it in the same directory than zenohd or to any directory where it can find the plugin library (e.g. /usr/lib)
  • the zenoh-bridge-mqtt-<version>-<platform>.zip file for the standalone executable.
    Then unzip it where you want, and run the extracted zenoh-bridge-mqtt binary.

Linux Debian

Add Eclipse Zenoh private repository to the sources list:

echo "deb [trusted=yes] https://download.eclipse.org/zenoh/debian-repo/ /" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list > /dev/null
sudo apt update

Then either:

  • install the plugin with: sudo apt install zenoh-plugin-mqtt.
  • install the standalone executable with: sudo apt install zenoh-bridge-mqtt.

Docker image

The zenoh-bridge-mqtt standalone executable is also available as a Docker images for both amd64 and arm64. To get it, do:

  • docker pull eclipse/zenoh-bridge-mqtt:latest for the latest release
  • docker pull eclipse/zenoh-bridge-mqtt:master for the master branch version (nightly build)

Usage: docker run --init -p 1883:1883 eclipse/zenoh-bridge-mqtt
It supports the same command line arguments than the zenoh-bridge-mqtt (see above or check with -h argument).

How to build it

⚠️ WARNING ⚠️ : Zenoh and its ecosystem are under active development. When you build from git, make sure you also build from git any other Zenoh repository you plan to use (e.g. binding, plugin, backend, etc.). It may happen that some changes in git are not compatible with the most recent packaged Zenoh release (e.g. deb, docker, pip). We put particular effort in mantaining compatibility between the various git repositories in the Zenoh project.

⚠️ WARNING ⚠️ : As Rust doesn't have a stable ABI, the plugins should be built with the exact same Rust version than zenohd, and using for zenoh dependency the same version (or commit number) than 'zenohd'. Otherwise, incompatibilities in memory mapping of shared types between zenohd and the library can lead to a "SIGSEV" crash.

In order to build the zenoh bridge for MQTT you only need to install Rust. If you already have the Rust toolchain installed, make sure it is up-to-date with:

$ rustup update

Then, you may clone the repository on your machine:

$ git clone https://github.com/eclipse-zenoh/zenoh-plugin-mqtt.git
$ cd zenoh-plugin-mqtt

⚠️ WARNING ⚠️ : On Windows and Linux, don't use cargo build command without specifying a package with -p. Building both zenoh-plugin-mqtt (plugin library) and zenoh-bridge-mqtt (standalone executable) together will lead to a multiple definition of load_plugin'` error at link time. See #19 for explanations.

You can then choose between building the zenoh bridge for MQTT:

  • as a plugin library that can be dynamically loaded by the zenoh router (zenohd):
$ cargo build --release -p zenoh-plugin-mqtt

The plugin shared library (*.so on Linux, *.dylib on Mac OS, *.dll on Windows) will be generated in the target/release subdirectory.

  • or as a standalone executable binary:
$ cargo build --release -p zenoh-bridge-mqtt

The zenoh-bridge-mqtt binary will be generated in the target/release sub-directory.


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