106 stable releases

new 1.8.39 Dec 2, 2020
1.8.38 Nov 30, 2020
1.8.5 Oct 30, 2020
1.3.7 Jul 30, 2020
1.0.7 Feb 29, 2020
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729 downloads per month

MIT license

240KB
5K SLoC

A highly performant ORM framework written in Rust, inspired by Mybatis and MybatisPlus.

Dynamic SQL, no runtime, no Garbage Collector, and low memory use.

Supports async_std, tokio

This crate uses #![forbid(unsafe_code)] to ensure everything is implemented in 100% safe Rust.

30% faster than golang's mybatis!

Build Status

Image text

Why not diesel or not sqlx ?
Framework Async/.await Learning curve Dynamic SQL/py/Wrapper/built-in CRUD Logical delete plugin Pagination plugin
rbatis easy
sqlx hard (depends on macros and env. variables) x x x
diesel x hard (use FFI, unsafe) x x x
Performance comparison with Golang (in a docker environment)
Framework Mysql(docker) SQL statement(10k) ns/operation(lower is better) Qps(higher is better) Memory usage(lower is better)
Rust-rbatis/tokio 1 CPU, 1G memory select count(1) from table; 965649 ns/op 1035 Qps/s 2.1MB
Go-GoMybatis/http 1 CPU, 1G memory select count(1) from table; 1184503 ns/op 844 Qps/s 28.4MB
  • used json with serde_json for passing parameters and communication
  • high performance, single threaded benchmark can easily achieve 200,000 QPS - data returned from database directly (zero lookup time) on a Windows 10 6 core i7 with 16 GB memory machine. Performace will be better using multiple threads, and it outperforms Go's GoMyBatis.
  • supports logical deletes, pagination, py-like SQL and basic Mybatis functionalities.
  • supports future,(in theory, if all io operations are replaced with async_std/tokio, it could achieve higher concurrency than Go-lang)
  • supports logging, customizable logging based on log crate
  • used 100% safe Rust with #![forbid(unsafe_code)] enabled
  • rbatis/example (import into Clion!)
  • website back end example(import into Clion!)
Example Rust backend service https://github.com/rbatis/abs_admin
Example Cargo.toml
# add this library,and cargo install

# json (required)
serde = { version = "1", features = ["derive"] }
serde_json = "1"

# Date time (required)
chrono = { version = "0.4", features = ["serde"] }

# logging (required)
log = "0.4"
fast_log="1.3"

# BigDecimal (optional)
bigdecimal = "0.2"

# rbatis, must maintain the same versions (required)
rbatis =  { version = "1.8" } 
rbatis-macro-driver = { version = "1.8" }
Quick example: QueryWrapper and common usages (see example/crud_test.rs for details)
#[macro_use]
extern crate rbatis_macro_driver;
/// may also write `CRUDEnable` as `impl CRUDEnable for BizActivity{}`
/// #[crud_enable( table_name:biz_activity)]
/// #[crud_enable( id_name:id |  id_type:String |  table_name:biz_activity |  table_columns:id,name,delete_flag )]
#[crud_enable]
#[derive(Serialize, Deserialize, Clone, Debug)]
pub struct BizActivity {
    pub id: Option<String>,
    pub name: Option<String>,
    pub pc_link: Option<String>,
    pub h5_link: Option<String>,
    pub pc_banner_img: Option<String>,
    pub h5_banner_img: Option<String>,
    pub sort: Option<String>,
    pub status: Option<i32>,
    pub remark: Option<String>,
    pub create_time: Option<NaiveDateTime>,
    pub version: Option<i32>,
    pub delete_flag: Option<i32>,
}

// (optional) manually implement instead of using `derive(CRUDEnable)`. This allows manually rewriting `table_name()` function and supports  code completion in IDE.
//impl CRUDEnable for BizActivity {
//    type IdType = String;    
//    fn table_name()->String{
//        "biz_activity".to_string()
//    }
//    fn table_columns()->String{
//        "id,name,delete_flag".to_string()
//    }
//}

#[actix_rt::main]
async fn main() {
/// initialize rbatis. May use `lazy_static` to define rbatis as a global variable because rbatis is thread safe
let rb = Rbatis::new();
/// connect to database  
rb.link("mysql://root:123456@localhost:3306/test").await.unwrap();
/// customize connection pool parameters (optional)
// let mut opt =PoolOptions::new();
// opt.max_size=100;
// rb.link_opt("mysql://root:123456@localhost:3306/test",&opt).await.unwrap();
/// newly constructed wrapper sql logic
let wrapper = rb.new_wrapper()
            .eq("id", 1)                    //sql:  id = 1
            .and()                          //sql:  and 
            .ne("id", 1)                    //sql:  id <> 1
            .in_array("id", &[1, 2, 3])     //sql:  id in (1,2,3)
            .not_in("id", &[1, 2, 3])       //sql:  id not in (1,2,3)
            .like("name", 1)                //sql:  name like 1
            .or()                           //sql:  or
            .not_like("name", "asdf")       //sql:  name not like 'asdf'
            .between("create_time", "2020-01-01 00:00:00", "2020-12-12 00:00:00")//sql:  create_time between '2020-01-01 00:00:00' and '2020-01-01 00:00:00'
            .group_by(&["id"])              //sql:  group by id
            .order_by(true, &["id", "name"])//sql:  group by id,name
            .check().unwrap();

let activity = BizActivity {
                id: Some("12312".to_string()),
                name: None,
                remark: None,
                create_time: Some(NaiveDateTime::now()),
                version: Some(1),
                delete_flag: Some(1),
            };
/// saving
rb.save("",&activity).await;
//Exec ==> INSERT INTO biz_activity (create_time,delete_flag,h5_banner_img,h5_link,id,name,pc_banner_img,pc_link,remark,sort,status,version) VALUES ( ? , ? , ? , ? , ? , ? , ? , ? , ? , ? , ? , ? )

/// batch saving
rb.save_batch("", &vec![activity]).await;
//Exec ==> INSERT INTO biz_activity (create_time,delete_flag,h5_banner_img,h5_link,id,name,pc_banner_img,pc_link,remark,sort,status,version) VALUES ( ? , ? , ? , ? , ? , ? , ? , ? , ? , ? , ? , ? ),( ? , ? , ? , ? , ? , ? , ? , ? , ? , ? , ? , ? )

/// The query, Option wrapper, is None if the data is not found
let result: Option<BizActivity> = rb.fetch_by_id("", &"1".to_string()).await.unwrap();
//Query ==> SELECT create_time,delete_flag,h5_banner_img,h5_link,id,name,pc_banner_img,pc_link,remark,sort,status,version  FROM biz_activity WHERE delete_flag = 1  AND id =  ? 

/// query all
let result: Vec<BizActivity> = rb.list("").await.unwrap();
//Query ==> SELECT create_time,delete_flag,h5_banner_img,h5_link,id,name,pc_banner_img,pc_link,remark,sort,status,version  FROM biz_activity WHERE delete_flag = 1

///query by id vec
let result: Vec<BizActivity> = rb.list_by_ids("",&["1".to_string()]).await.unwrap();
//Query ==> SELECT create_time,delete_flag,h5_banner_img,h5_link,id,name,pc_banner_img,pc_link,remark,sort,status,version  FROM biz_activity WHERE delete_flag = 1  AND id IN  (?) 

///query by wrapper
let w = rb.new_wrapper().eq("id", "1").check().unwrap();
let r: Result<Option<BizActivity>, Error> = rb.fetch_by_wrapper("", &w).await;
//Query ==> SELECT  create_time,delete_flag,h5_banner_img,h5_link,id,name,pc_banner_img,pc_link,remark,sort,status,version  FROM biz_activity WHERE delete_flag = 1  AND id =  ? 

///delete
rb.remove_by_id::<BizActivity>("", &"1".to_string()).await;
//Exec ==> UPDATE biz_activity SET delete_flag = 0 WHERE id = 1

///delete batch
rb.remove_batch_by_id::<BizActivity>("", &["1".to_string(), "2".to_string()]).await;
//Exec ==> UPDATE biz_activity SET delete_flag = 0 WHERE id IN (  ?  ,  ?  ) 

///update
let w = rb.new_wrapper().eq("id", "12312").check().unwrap();
rb.update_by_wrapper("", &activity, &w).await;
//Exec ==> UPDATE biz_activity SET  create_time =  ? , delete_flag =  ? , status =  ? , version =  ?  WHERE id =  ? 
}

///...more usage,see crud.rs

macros (new addition)

    lazy_static! {
     static ref RB:Rbatis=Rbatis::new();
   }

    /// Macro generates execution logic based on method definition, similar to @select dynamic SQL of Java/Mybatis
    /// RB is the name referenced locally by Rbatis, for example DAO ::RB, com:: XXX ::RB... Can be
    /// The second parameter is the standard driver SQL. Note that the corresponding database parameter mysql is? , pg is $1...
    /// macro auto edit method to  'pub async fn select(name: &str) -> rbatis::core::Result<BizActivity> {}'
    ///
    #[sql(RB, "select * from biz_activity where id = ?")]
    fn select(name: &str) -> BizActivity {}
    //or: pub async fn select(name: &str) -> rbatis::core::Result<BizActivity> {}

    #[async_std::test]
    pub async fn test_macro() {
        fast_log::init_log("requests.log", 1000, log::Level::Info, None, true);
        RB.link("mysql://root:123456@localhost:3306/test").await.unwrap();
        let a = select("1").await.unwrap();
        println!("{:?}", a);
    }
    lazy_static! {
     static ref RB:Rbatis=Rbatis::new();
   }

    #[py_sql(RB, "select * from biz_activity where id = #{name}
                  if name != '':
                    and name=#{name}")]
    fn py_select(name: &str) -> Option<BizActivity> {}
    //or: pub async fn select(name: &str) -> rbatis::core::Result<BizActivity> {}

    #[async_std::test]
    pub async fn test_macro_py_select() {
        fast_log::init_log("requests.log", 1000, log::Level::Info, None, true);
        RB.link("mysql://root:123456@localhost:3306/test").await.unwrap();
        let a = py_select("1").await.unwrap();
        println!("{:?}", a);
    }
How to use logical deletes plugin (works for fetching or removing functions provided by rbatis,e.g. list**(),remove**(),fetch**())
   let mut rb = init_rbatis().await;
   //rb.logic_plugin = Some(Box::new(RbatisLogicDeletePlugin::new_opt("delete_flag",1,0)));//Customize deleted/undeleted writing
   rb.logic_plugin = Some(Box::new(RbatisLogicDeletePlugin::new("delete_flag")));
   rb.link("mysql://root:123456@localhost:3306/test").await.unwrap();
           let r = rb.remove_batch_by_id::<BizActivity>("", &["1".to_string(), "2".to_string()]).await;
           if r.is_err() {
               println!("{}", r.err().unwrap().to_string());
   }
How to use pagination plugin
        let mut rb = Rbatis::new();
        rb.link("mysql://root:123456@localhost:3306/test").await.unwrap();
        //框架默认RbatisPagePlugin,如果需要自定义的话需要结构体 必须实现impl PagePlugin for Plugin***{},例如:
        //rb.page_plugin = Box::new(RbatisPagePlugin {});

        let req = PageRequest::new(1, 20);
        let wraper= rb.new_wrapper()
                    .eq("delete_flag",1)
                    .check()
                    .unwrap();
        let data: Page<BizActivity> = rb.fetch_page_by_wrapper("", &wraper,  &req).await.unwrap();
        println!("{}", serde_json::to_string(&data).unwrap());

//2020-07-10T21:28:40.036506700+08:00 INFO rbatis::rbatis - [rbatis] Query ==> SELECT count(1) FROM biz_activity  WHERE delete_flag =  ? LIMIT 0,20
//2020-07-10T21:28:40.040505200+08:00 INFO rbatis::rbatis - [rbatis] Args  ==> [1]
//2020-07-10T21:28:40.073506+08:00 INFO rbatis::rbatis - [rbatis] Total <== 1
//2020-07-10T21:28:40.073506+08:00 INFO rbatis::rbatis - [rbatis] Query ==> SELECT  create_time,delete_flag,h5_banner_img,h5_link,id,name,pc_banner_img,pc_link,remark,sort,status,version  FROM biz_activity  WHERE delete_flag =  ? LIMIT 0,20
//2020-07-10T21:28:40.073506+08:00 INFO rbatis::rbatis - [rbatis] Args  ==> [1]
//2020-07-10T21:28:40.076506500+08:00 INFO rbatis::rbatis - [rbatis] Total <== 5
{
	"records": [{
		"id": "12312",
		"name": "null",
		"pc_link": "null",
		"h5_link": "null",
		"pc_banner_img": "null",
		"h5_banner_img": "null",
		"sort": "null",
		"status": 1,
		"remark": "null",
		"create_time": "2020-02-09T00:00:00+00:00",
		"version": 1,
		"delete_flag": 1
	}],
	"total": 5,
	"size": 20,
	"current": 1,
	"serch_count": true
}
py-like sql example
//Execute to remote mysql and get the result. Supports any serializable type of SERde_JSON
        let rb = Rbatis::new();
        rb.link("mysql://root:123456@localhost:3306/test").await.unwrap();
            let py = r#"
        SELECT * FROM biz_activity
        WHERE delete_flag = #{delete_flag}
        if name != null:
          AND name like #{name+'%'}
        if ids != null:
          AND id in (
          trim ',':
             for item in ids:
               #{item},
          )"#;
            let data: serde_json::Value = rb.py_fetch("", py, &json!({   "delete_flag": 1 })).await.unwrap();
            println!("{}", data);

logging system with fast_log here as an example

 use log::{error, info, warn};
 fn  main(){
      fast_log::init_log("requests.log", 1000, log::Level::Info, None, true);
      info!("print data");
 }

Customize connection pool's size, timeout, active number of connections, and etc.

use rbatis::core::db::PoolOptions;

pub async fn init_rbatis() -> Rbatis {
let rb = Rbatis::new();
let mut opt = PoolOptions::new();
opt.max_size = 20;
rb.link_opt("mysql://root:123456@localhost:3306/test", &opt).await.unwrap();
}

Async/.await task support

   async_std::task::block_on(async {
        let rb = Rbatis::new();
        rb.link("mysql://root:123456@localhost:3306/test").await.unwrap();
        let tx_id = "tx:1";//事务id号
        rb.begin(tx_id).await.unwrap();
        let v: serde_json::Value = rb.fetch(tx_id, "SELECT count(1) FROM biz_activity;").await.unwrap();
        println!("{}", v.clone());
        rb.commit(tx_id).await.unwrap();
    });

How to use rbatis with Rust web frameworks (actix-web is used here as an example, but all web frameworks based on tokio or async_std are supported)

lazy_static! {
   static ref RB:Rbatis=Rbatis::new();
}

async fn index() -> impl Responder {
    let v:Result<i32,rbatis::core::Error> = RB.fetch("", "SELECT count(1) FROM biz_activity;").await;
    HttpResponse::Ok().body(format!("count(1)={}",v.unwrap_or(0)))
}

#[actix_rt::main]
async fn main() -> std::io::Result<()> {
    //日志
    fast_log::init_log("requests.log", 1000, log::Level::Info, None, true);
    //链接数据库
    RB.link("mysql://root:123456@localhost:3306/test").await.unwrap();
    //http路由
    HttpServer::new(|| {
        App::new()
            .route("/", web::get().to(index))
    })
        .bind("127.0.0.1:8000")?
        .run()
        .await
}

Supported data structures

data structure is supported
Option
Vec
HashMap
Slice
i32,i64,f32,f64,bool,String...more rust type
NativeDateTime
BigDecimal
serde_json::Value...more serde type

Supported database √supported .WIP

database is supported
Mysql
Postgres
Sqlite
Mssql/Sqlserver
MariaDB(Mysql)
TiDB(Mysql)
CockroachDB(Postgres)

Supported OS/Platforms

platform is supported
Linux
Apple/MacOS
Windows

Progress - in sequential order

function is supported
CRUD, with built-in CRUD template (built-in CRUD supports logical deletes)
LogSystem (logging component)
Tx(task/Nested transactions)
Py(using py-like statement in SQL)
async/await support
PagePlugin(Pagincation)
LogicDelPlugin
DataBaseConvertPlugin(The database table structure is converted to the configuration plug-in) x
web(Web UI) x
  • Conlusion: Assuming zero time consumed on IO, single threaded benchmark achieves 200K QPS or QPS, which is a few times more performant than GC languages like Go or Java.

FAQ

  • Support for DateTime and BigDecimal?
    Currently supports chrono::NaiveDateTime和bigdecimal::BigDecimal
  • Supports for async/.await
    Currently supports both async_std and tokio
  • Stmt in postgres uses $1, $2 instead of ? in Mysql, does this require some special treatment? No, because rbatis uses #{} to describe parametric variabls, you only need to write the correct parameter names and do not need to match it with the symbols used by the database.
  • Supports for Oracle database driver?
    No, moving away from IOE is recommended.
  • Which crate should be depended on if only the driver is needed?
    rbatis-core, Cargo.toml add rbatis-core = "*"
  • How to select async/.await runtime?
# add the line below in Cargo.toml to used async_std
async-std = { version = "*", features = ["attributes","tokio02"] }
rbatis-core = { version = "*", default-features = false ,  features = ["all","tokio02"] }
rbatis = { version = "*", default-features = false , features = ["tokio02"] }

changelog

changelog

Related Projects

In order to achieve the satisfaction of this ORM framework, your support is always our motivation, we are eager to welcome WeChat to donate to support us ~ or ~ star at the top right corner

为了称心如意的ORM框架,您的支持永远是我们的动力,迫切欢迎微信捐赠支持我们 或者右上角点下star

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Dependencies

~2.9–8MB
~168K SLoC