#mongo #mongodb #database #bson #nosql


The official MongoDB driver for Rust (currently in alpha)

36 releases

✓ Uses Rust 2018 edition

0.10.0 May 5, 2020
0.9.2 Mar 17, 2020
0.9.1 Jan 29, 2020
0.9.0 Dec 19, 2019
0.0.1 May 22, 2015

#13 in Database interfaces

Download history 958/week @ 2020-01-25 963/week @ 2020-02-01 1162/week @ 2020-02-08 1430/week @ 2020-02-15 1513/week @ 2020-02-22 1298/week @ 2020-02-29 1446/week @ 2020-03-07 1312/week @ 2020-03-14 1562/week @ 2020-03-21 1472/week @ 2020-03-28 1232/week @ 2020-04-04 1545/week @ 2020-04-11 1071/week @ 2020-04-18 1140/week @ 2020-04-25 1005/week @ 2020-05-02 1104/week @ 2020-05-09

5,653 downloads per month
Used in 29 crates (26 directly)

Apache-2.0 and MPL-2.0 licenses

19K SLoC

MongoDB Rust Driver

Crates.io docs.rs License

This repository contains the officially supported MongoDB Rust driver, a client side library that can be used to interact with MongoDB deployments in Rust applications. It depends on the community-supported bson library for BSON support.




Driver Version Required Rust Version
master 1.43+
0.10.x 1.43+
0.9.x 1.39+
  • MongoDB 3.6+


The driver is available on crates.io. To use the driver in your application, simply add it to your project's Cargo.toml. You will also want to add bson as well.

mongodb = "0.10.0"
bson = "0.14.1"

Example Usage

Below are simple examples of using the driver. For more specific examples and the API reference, see the driver's docs.rs page.

Connecting to a MongoDB deployment

use mongodb::{Client, options::ClientOptions};
// Parse a connection string into an options struct.
let mut client_options = ClientOptions::parse("mongodb://localhost:27017")?;

// Manually set an option.
client_options.app_name = Some("My App".to_string());

// Get a handle to the deployment.
let client = Client::with_options(client_options)?;

// List the names of the databases in that deployment.
for db_name in client.list_database_names(None, None)? {
    println!("{}", db_name);

Getting a handle to a database

// Get a handle to a database.
let db = client.database("mydb");

// List the names of the collections in that database.
for collection_name in db.list_collection_names(None)? {
    println!("{}", collection_name);

Inserting documents into a collection

use bson::{doc, bson};
// Get a handle to a collection in the database.
let collection = db.collection("books");

let docs = vec![
    doc! { "title": "1984", "author": "George Orwell" },
    doc! { "title": "Animal Farm", "author": "George Orwell" },
    doc! { "title": "The Great Gatsby", "author": "F. Scott Fitzgerald" },

// Insert some documents into the "mydb.books" collection.
collection.insert_many(docs, None)?;

Finding documents in a collection

use bson::{doc, bson, Bson};
use mongodb::options::FindOptions;
// Query the documents in the collection with a filter and an option.
let filter = doc! { "author": "George Orwell" };
let find_options = FindOptions::builder().sort(doc! { "title": 1 }).build();
let cursor = collection.find(filter, find_options)?;

// Iterate over the results of the cursor.
for result in cursor {
    match result {
        Ok(document) => {
            if let Some(title) = document.get("title").and_then(Bson::as_str) {
                println!("title: {}", title);
            }  else {
                println!("no title found");
        Err(e) => return Err(e.into()),

Atlas note

Currently, the driver has issues connecting to Atlas tiers above M2 unless the server version is at least 4.2. We're working on fixing this, but in the meantime, a workaround is to upgrade your cluster to 4.2. The driver has no known issues with either M0 or M2 instances.

Bug Reporting / Feature Requests

To file a bug report or submit a feature request, please open a ticket on our Jira project:

  • Create an account and login at jira.mongodb.org
  • Navigate to the RUST project at jira.mongodb.org/browse/RUST
  • Click Create Issue - If the ticket you are filing is a bug report, please include as much detail as possible about the issue and how to reproduce it.

Before filing a ticket, please use the search functionality of Jira to see if a similar issue has already been filed.


We encourage and would happily accept contributions in the form of GitHub pull requests. Before opening one, be sure to run the tests locally; check out the testing section for information on how to do that. Once you open a pull request, your branch will be run against the same testing matrix that we use for our continuous integration system, so it is usually sufficient to only run the integration tests locally against a standalone. Remember to always run the linter tests before opening a pull request.

Running the tests

Integration and unit tests

In order to run the tests (which are mostly integration tests), you must have access to a MongoDB deployment. You may specify a MongoDB connection string in the MONGODB_URI environment variable, and the tests will use it to connect to the deployment. If MONGODB_URI is unset, the tests will attempt to connect to a local deployment on port 27017.

Note: The integration tests will clear out the databases/collections they need to use, but they do not clean up after themselves.

To actually run the tests, you can use cargo like you would in any other crate:

cargo test --verbose # runs against localhost:27017
export MONGODB_URI="mongodb://localhost:123" 
cargo test --verbose # runs against localhost:123

Auth tests

The authentication tests will only be included in the test run if certain requirements are met:

  • The deployment must have --auth enabled
  • Credentials must be specified in MONGODB_URI
  • The credentials specified in MONGODB_URI must be valid and have root privileges on the deployment
export MONGODB_URI="mongodb://user:pass@localhost:27017"
cargo test --verbose # auth tests included

Topology-specific tests

Certain tests will only be run against certain topologies. To ensure that the entire test suite is run, make sure to run the tests separately against standalone, replicated, and sharded deployments.

export MONGODB_URI="mongodb://my-standalone-host:20717" # mongod running on 27017
cargo test --verbose
export MONGODB_URI="mongodb://localhost:27018,localhost:27019,localhost:27020/?replSet=repl"
cargo test --verbose
export MONGODB_URI="mongodb://localhost:27021" # mongos running on 27021
cargo test --verbose

Run the tests with TLS/SSL

To run the tests with TLS/SSL enabled, you must enable it on the deployment and in MONGODB_URI.

export MONGODB_URI="mongodb://localhost:27017/?tls=true&tlsCertificateKeyFile=cert.pem&tlsCAFile=ca.pem"
cargo test --verbose

Note: When you open a pull request, your code will be run against a comprehensive testing matrix, so it is usually not necessary run the integration tests against all combinations of topology/auth/TLS locally.

Linter Tests

Our linter tests use the nightly version of rustfmt to verify that the source is formatted properly and the stable version of clippy to statically detect any common mistakes. You can use rustup to install them both:

rustup component add clippy --toolchain stable
rustup component add rustfmt --toolchain nightly

To run the linter tests, run the check-clippy.sh and check-rustfmt.sh scripts in the .evergreen directory:

bash .evergreen/check-clippy.sh && bash .evergreen/check-rustfmt.sh

Continuous Integration

Commits to master are run automatically on evergreen.


This project is licensed under the Apache License 2.0.


~442K SLoC