#serde #utilities #serialization #deserialization

serde_with

Custom de/serialization functions for Rust’s serde

17 releases (8 stable)

1.5.1 Oct 7, 2020
1.5.0-alpha.2 Aug 16, 2020
1.5.0-alpha.1 Jun 27, 2020
1.4.0 Jan 16, 2020
0.1.0 Aug 17, 2017

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53,783 downloads per month
Used in 82 crates (40 directly)

MIT/Apache

220KB
3.5K SLoC

Custom de/serialization functions for Rust's serde

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This crate provides custom de/serialization helpers to use in combination with serde's with-annotation and with the improved serde_as-annotation. Some common use cases are:

Check out the user guide to find out more tips and tricks about this crate.

Use serde_with in your Project

Add this to your Cargo.toml:

[dependencies.serde_with]
version = "1.5.1"
features = [ "..." ]

The crate contains different features for integration with other common crates. Check the feature flags section for information about all available features.

Examples

Annotate your struct or enum to enable the custom de/serializer.

DisplayFromStr

#[serde_as]
#[derive(Deserialize, Serialize)]
struct Foo {
    // Serialize with Display, deserialize with FromStr
    #[serde_as(as = "DisplayFromStr")]
    bar: u8,
}

// This will serialize
Foo {bar: 12}

// into this JSON
{"bar": "12"}

skip_serializing_none

This situation often occurs with JSON, but other formats also support optional fields. If many fields are optional, putting the annotations on the structs can become tedious.

#[skip_serializing_none]
#[derive(Deserialize, Serialize)]
struct Foo {
    a: Option<usize>,
    b: Option<usize>,
    c: Option<usize>,
    d: Option<usize>,
    e: Option<usize>,
    f: Option<usize>,
    g: Option<usize>,
}

// This will serialize
Foo {a: None, b: None, c: None, d: Some(4), e: None, f: None, g: Some(7)}

// into this JSON
{"d": 4, "g": 7}

Advanced serde_as usage

This example is mainly supposed to highlight the flexibility of the serde_as-annotation compared to serde's with-annotation. More details about serde_as can be found in the user guide.

#[serde_as]
#[derive(Deserialize, Serialize)]
struct Foo {
     // Serialize them into a list of number as seconds
     #[serde_as(as = "Vec<DurationSeconds>")]
     durations: Vec<Duration>,
     // We can treat a Vec like a map with duplicates.
     // JSON only allows string keys, so convert i32 to strings
     // The bytes will be hex encoded
     #[serde_as(as = "BTreeMap<DisplayFromStr, Hex>")]
     bytes: Vec<(i32, Vec<u8>)>,
}

// This will serialize
Foo {
    durations: vec![Duration::new(5, 0), Duration::new(3600, 0), Duration::new(0, 0)],
    bytes: vec![
        (1, vec![0, 1, 2]),
        (-100, vec![100, 200, 255]),
        (1, vec![0, 111, 222]),
    ],
}

// into this JSON
{
    "durations": [5, 3600, 0],
    "bytes": {
        "1": "000102",
        "-100": "64c8ff",
        "1": "006fde"
    }
}

License

Licensed under either of

at your option.

Contribution

Unless you explicitly state otherwise, any contribution intentionally submitted for inclusion in the work by you, as defined in the Apache-2.0 license, shall be dual licensed as above, without any additional terms or conditions.

Dependencies

~0.6–1.3MB
~30K SLoC