#sdr #helpers #radio #complex-numbers #signal


Helpers for common SDR and signal generation operations

1 unstable release

0.1.0 Nov 21, 2018

#977 in Rust patterns

MPL-2.0 license

701 lines

aether-primitives - a software radio framework powered by rust

What is aether?

Aether is designed to ease development of SDR applications by providing convenient (low-level) building blocks for common operations.


Core operations are implemented in the form of the VecOps trait implemented for Vecs/Slices of the C compatible num::Complex (cf32 for short).

// #[macro_use] // includes the assert_evm macro
// extern crate aether_primitives;
// use aether_primitives::{cf32, vecops::VecOps};
// The main sample type is cf32 which is a type alias for num::Complex<f32>
let mut v = vec![cf32::new(2.0, 2.0); 100];
let twos = v.clone();
let ones = vec![cf32::new(1.0, 1.0); 100];

let correct = vec![cf32::new(1.0, -1.0); 100];

    .vec_zero() // zero the vector
    .vec_mutate(|c| c.im = -1.0) 
    .vec_mirror(); // mirror swaps elements around the midpoint of the array

/// ensure each element's error vector magnitude vs the correct vector is below -80dB
assert_evm!(&v, &correct, -80.0); 

Design Decisions

  • The base versions will be written in idiomatic rust
  • Optimisations and unsafe speedups will be hidden behind feature flags
  • The actual version of the num-traits and num-complex crates are not pinned by aether because multiple concurrent versions of the same trait are incompatible.
    This can cause type level incompatibility if there are dependencies which expose different versions of the same type to the user. Hence the version is not pinned as cargo will usually try to build the same version of num-complex and num-traits for the biggest set of dependencies (within their version constraints), thus reducing the probability of this happening.
  • For performance reasons the use of dynamic dispatch (Trait objects dyn <Trait>) will be avoided.

Implemented functionality

  • Macros:
    • assert_evm!: check if elements of both vectors have a certain error vector magnitude relative to each other (given in dBm)
  • Vecops: Helpers for operations of vectors/slices of cf32
    • Element wise operations: add, subtract, divide, multiply, complex conjugate, mutate . Mirror: Swap elements around mid of vector (for even length vectros)
    • Zero entire vector, copy elements over from another vector
    • FEATURE: Perform (i)FFTs using new or existing fourier transform instance (enabled via fft_chfft)
  • Sequence: Helpers for binary pseudo-random sequence generation (M-Sequences)
    • expand: Expand a seed value into an initialisation vector
    • generate: Generate
  • Sampling
    • linear interpolation
    • even downsampling
  • FFT
    • perform fast fourier transforms (forward/backward) with different scaling factors
  • Benches: benchmarks for most operations in aether using the criterion.rs framework
    • downsampling, interpolation, fft,


  • Pull out choice of FFT (RustFFT vs chfft) via wrappers
    • Implement wrapper for chfft
    • Implement wrapper for RustFFT
      • Issue: cf32 incompatible with RustFFTs version of cf32 (maybe add some shady casts since the structs are the same)
  • Add vec_align! macro to create vecs aligned for SIMD instructions
  • Add Fixed-size cf32 Vecs
    • maybe derefs to slice for convenience
  • Add VecStats (f32,cf32)
    • Min(index),Max(index),Mean(index),Power
  • Add VecOps Features
    • FFTs : vec_fft,vec_ifft, vec_rifft, vec_rfft, vec_rifft; rifft/rfft reuse an existing instance of fft::Cfft currently supported by building with fft_chfft enabled.
    • Use faster once it works on stable again
    • Feature: use VOLK for ops
      • Add tests to ensure generated code is correctly aligned - should be ensured since cf32 (2x4 bytes) is 8 bytes. VOLK prefers 32byte alignment /libfftw prefers 16 byte alignment
      • must also hook into the vec_align macro
  • Add Correlation by Freq. Domain Convolution
  • Add FIR


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