#json #arrays #simd #bit #object

no-std simd-json

High performance JSON parser based on a port of simdjson

94 releases (12 breaking)

0.13.8 Jan 20, 2024
0.13.4 Oct 28, 2023
0.10.4 Jul 27, 2023
0.7.0 Nov 3, 2022
0.1.17 Jul 29, 2019

#30 in Parser implementations

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Used in 93 crates (47 directly)

Apache-2.0 OR MIT

1MB
20K SLoC

SIMD JSON for Rust   Build Status Build Status ARM Quality Latest Version Code Coverage

Rust port of extremely fast simdjson JSON parser with serde compatibility.


readme (for real!)

simdjson version

Currently tracking version 0.2.x of simdjson upstream (work in progress, feedback is welcome!).

CPU target

To be able to take advantage of simd-json your system needs to be SIMD-capable. On x86, it will select the best SIMD feature set (avx2 or sse4.2) during runtime. If simd-json is compiled with SIMD support, it will disable runtime detection.

simd-json supports AVX2, SSE4.2, NEON, and simd128 (wasm) natively. It also includes an unoptimized fallback implementation using native rust for other platforms; however, this is a last resort measure and nothing we'd recommend relying on.

Performance characteristics

  • CPU native cpu compilation results in the best performance.
  • CPU detection for AVX and SSE4.2 is the second fastest (on x86_* only).
  • Portable std::simd is the next fast implementation when compiled with a native CPU target.
  • std::simd or the rust native implementation is the least performant.

allocator

For best performance, we highly suggest using mimalloc or jemalloc instead of the system allocator used by default. Another recent allocator that works well (but we have yet to test it in production) is snmalloc.

runtime-detection

This feature allows selecting the optimal algorithm based on available features during runtime; it has no effect on non-x86 or x86_64 platforms. When neither AVX2 nor SSE4.2 is supported, it will fall back to a native rust implementation.

Note that an application compiled with runtime-detection will not run as fast as an application compiled for a specific CPU. The reason is that rust can't optimise as far as the instruction set when it uses the generic instruction set, and non-simd parts of the code won't be optimised for the given instruction set either.

portable

Currently disabled

An implementation of the algorithm using std::simd and up to 512 byte wide registers, currently disabled due to dependencies and is highly experimental.

serde_impl

simd-json is compatible with serde and serde-json. The Value types provided implement serializers and deserializers. In addition to that simd-json implements the Deserializer trait for the parser so it can deserialize anything that implements the serde Deserialize trait. Note, that serde provides both a Deserializer and a Deserialize trait.

That said the serde support is contained in the serde_impl feature which is part of the default feature set of simd-json, but it can be disabled.

known-key

The known-key feature changes the hash mechanism for the DOM representation of the underlying JSON object, from ahash to fxhash. The ahash hasher is faster at hashing and provides protection against DOS attacks by forcing multiple keys into a single hashing bucket. The fxhash hasher, on the other hand allows for repeatable hashing results, which in turn allows memoizing hashes for well known keys and saving time on lookups. In workloads that are heavy on accessing some well-known keys, this can be a performance advantage.

The known-key feature is optional and disabled by default and should be explicitly configured.

value-no-dup-keys

This flag has no effect on simd-json itself but purely affects the Value structs.

The value-no-dup-keys feature flag toggles stricter behavior for objects when deserializing into a Value. When enabled, the Value deserializer will remove duplicate keys in a JSON object and only keep the last one. If not set duplicate keys are considered undefined behavior and Value will not make guarantees on it's behavior.

big-int-as-float

The big-int-as-float feature flag treats very large integers that won't fit into u64 as f64 floats. This prevents parsing errors if the JSON you are parsing contains very large numbers. Keep in mind that f64 loses some precision when representing very large numbers.

safety

simd-json uses a lot of unsafe code.

There are a few reasons for this:

  • SIMD intrinsics are inherently unsafe. These uses of unsafe are inescapable in a library such as simd-json.
  • We work around some performance bottlenecks imposed by safe rust. These are avoidable, but at a performance cost. This is a more considered path in simd-json.

simd-json goes through extra scrutiny for unsafe code. These steps are:

  • Unit tests - to test 'the obvious' cases, edge cases, and regression cases
  • Structural constructive property based testing - We generate random valid JSON objects to exercise the full simd-json codebase stochastically. Floats are currently excluded since slightly different parsing algorithms lead to slightly different results here. In short "is simd-json correct".
  • Data-oriented property-based testing of string-like data - to assert that sequences of legal printable characters don't panic or crash the parser (they might and often error so - they are not valid JSON!)
  • Destructive Property based testing - make sure that no illegal byte sequences crash the parser in any way
  • Fuzzing - fuzz based on upstream & jsonorg simd pass/fail cases
  • Miri testing for UB

This doesn't ensure complete safety nor is at a bulletproof guarantee, but it does go a long way to assert that the library is of high production quality and fit for purpose for practical industrial applications.

Other interesting things

There are also bindings for upstream simdjson available here

License

simd-json itself is licensed under either of

However it ports a lot of code from simdjson so their work and copyright on that should be respected along side.

The serde integration is based on their example and serde-json so again, their copyright should as well be respected.

All Thanks To Our Contributors:

Dependencies

~4–14MB
~147K SLoC