#serial #hardware #system #RS232

serialport

A cross-platform low-level serial port library

19 releases (10 stable)

4.0.0 Dec 18, 2020
3.3.0 Jun 13, 2019
3.2.0 Jan 2, 2019
3.1.0 Nov 2, 2018
0.1.1 Dec 24, 2016

#5 in Hardware support

Download history 3171/week @ 2020-09-28 2411/week @ 2020-10-05 3387/week @ 2020-10-12 3264/week @ 2020-10-19 3152/week @ 2020-10-26 3129/week @ 2020-11-02 2855/week @ 2020-11-09 2682/week @ 2020-11-16 2105/week @ 2020-11-23 2895/week @ 2020-11-30 3695/week @ 2020-12-07 3466/week @ 2020-12-14 2346/week @ 2020-12-21 2660/week @ 2020-12-28 3737/week @ 2021-01-04 4402/week @ 2021-01-11

12,754 downloads per month
Used in 62 crates (47 directly)

MPL-2.0 license

120KB
2.5K SLoC

crates.io version badge Documentation

GitLab CI status Appveyor CI status

Introduction

serialport-rs is a general-purpose cross-platform serial port library for Rust. It provides a blocking I/O interface and port enumeration on POSIX and Windows systems.

For async I/O functionality, see the mio-serial and tokio-serial crates.

The canonical repository for this crate is on GitLab, but it is mirrored on GitHub purely for testing via Travis CI. To report any issues or contribute code, please do so using through GitLab.

Overview

The library exposes cross-platform serial port functionality through the SerialPort trait. This library is structured to make this the simplest API to use to encourate cross-platform development by default. Working with the resultant Box<dyn SerialPort> type is therefore recommended. To expose additional platform-specific functionality use the platform-specific structs directly: TTYPort for POSIX systems and COMPort for Windows.

Serial enumeration is provided on most platforms. The implementation on Linux using glibc relies on libudev, an external dynamic library that will need to be available on the system the final binary is running on. Enumeration will still be available if this feature is disabled, but won't expose as much information and may return ports that don't exist physically. However this dependency can be removed by disabling the default libudev feature:

$ cargo build --no-default-features

Usage

Listing available ports:

let ports = serialport::available_ports().expect("No ports found!");
for p in ports {
    println!("{}", p.port_name);
}

Opening and configuring a port:

let port = serialport::new("/dev/ttyUSB0", 115_200)
    .timeout(Duration::from_millis(10))
    .open().expect("Failed to open port");

Writing to a port:

let output = "This is a test. This is only a test.".as_bytes();
port.write(output).expect("Write failed!");

Reading from a port (default is blocking with a 0ms timeout):

let mut serial_buf: Vec<u8> = vec![0; 32];
port.read(serial_buf.as_mut_slice()).expect("Found no data!");

Some platforms expose additional functionality, which is opened using the open_native() method:

let port = serialport::new("/dev/ttyUSB0", 115_200)
    .open_native().expect("Failed to open port");

Closing a port:

serialport-rs uses the Resource Acquisition Is Initialization (RAII) paradigm and so closing a port is done when the SerialPort object is Droped either implicitly or explicitly using std::mem::drop (std::mem::drop(port)).

Examples

There are several included examples, which help demonstrate the functionality of this library and can help debug software or hardware errors.

  • clear_input_buffer - Demonstrates querying and clearing the driver input buffer
  • clear_output_buffer - Demonstrates querying and clearing the driver output buffer
  • duplex - Tests that a port can be successfully cloned.
  • hardware_check - Checks port/driver functionality for a single port or a pair of ports connected to each other.
  • list_ports - Lists available serial ports.
  • pseudo_terminal - Unix only. Tests that a pseudo-terminal pair can be created.
  • receive_data - Output data received on a port.
  • transmit - Transmits data regularly on a port with various port configurations. Useful for debugging.

Dependencies

Rust versions 1.36.0 and higher are supported.

For GNU Linux pkg-config headers are required:

  • Ubuntu: sudo apt install pkg-config
  • Fedora: sudo dnf install pkgconf-pkg-config

For other distros they may provide pkg-config through the pkgconf package instead.

For GNU Linux libudev headers are required as well (unless you disable the default libudev feature):

  • Ubuntu: sudo apt install libudev-dev
  • Fedora: sudo dnf install systemd-devel

Platform Support

Platform support is broken into two tiers:

  • Tier 1 - Builds and tests for this target are run in CI. Failures of either block the inclusion of new code.
  • Tier 2 - Builds for this target are run in CI. Tests are not run in CI.

Tier 1:

  • Linux
    • i586-unknown-linux-musl
    • i686-unknown-linux-gnu
    • i686-unknown-linux-musl
    • x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu
    • x86_64-unknown-linux-musl
  • MacOS/iOS
    • x86_64-apple-darwin
  • Windows
    • i686-pc-windows-gnu
    • i686-pc-windows-msvc
    • x86_64-pc-windows-gnu
    • x86_64-pc-windows-msvc

Tier 2:

  • Android
    • aarch64-linux-android (no serial enumeration)
    • arm-linux-androideabi (no serial enumeration)
    • armv7-linux-androideabi (no serial enumeration)
    • i686-linux-android (no serial enumeration)
    • x86_64-linux-android (no serial enumeration)
  • FreeBSD
    • i686-unknown-freebsd
    • x86_64-unknown-freebsd
  • Linux
    • aarch64-unknown-linux-gnu
    • aarch64-unknown-linux-musl
    • arm-unknown-linux-gnueabi
    • arm-unknown-linux-musleabi
    • armv5te-unknown-linux-gnueabi
    • armv5te-unknown-linux-musleabi
    • armv7-unknown-linux-gnueabihf
    • armv7-unknown-linux-musleabihf
    • i586-unknown-linux-gnu
    • mips-unknown-linux-gnu
    • mips-unknown-linux-musl
    • mips64-unknown-linux-gnuabi64
    • mips64el-unknown-linux-gnuabi64
    • mipsel-unknown-linux-gnu
    • mipsel-unknown-linux-musl
    • powerpc-unknown-linux-gnu
    • powerpc64-unknown-linux-gnu
    • powerpc64le-unknown-linux-gnu
    • s390x-unknown-linux-gnu
    • sparc64-unknown-linux-gnu
  • MacOS/iOS
    • aarch64-apple-ios
    • x86_64-apple-ios
  • NetBSD
    • x86_64-unknown-netbsd (no serial enumeration)

Hardware Support

This library has been developed to support all serial port devices across all supported platforms. To determine how well your platform is supported, please run the hardware_check example provided with this library. It will test the driver to confirm that all possible settings are supported for a port. Additionally, it will test that data transmission is correct for those settings if you have two ports physically configured to communicate. If you experience problems with your devices, please file a bug and identify the hardware, OS, and driver in use.

Known issues:

Hardware OS Driver Issues
FTDI TTL-232R Linux ftdi_sio, Linux 4.14.11 Hardware doesn't support 5 or 6 data bits, but the driver lies about supporting 5.

Licensing

Licensed under the Mozilla Public License, version 2.0.

Contributing

Please open an issue or merge request on GitLab to contibute. Code contributions submitted for inclusion in the work by you, as defined in the MPL2.0 license, shall be licensed as the above without any additional terms or conditions.

Acknowledgments

Special thanks to dcuddeback, willem66745, and apoloval who wrote the original serial-rs library which this library heavily borrows from.

Dependencies

~0–590KB
~13K SLoC