#serde #framing #cobs

macro no-std postcard-derive

A no_std + serde compatible message library for Rust - Derive Crate

2 releases

0.1.1 Feb 16, 2023
0.1.0 Jun 20, 2022

#10 in #cobs

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16,419 downloads per month
Used in 16 crates (via postcard)

MIT/Apache

16KB
209 lines

Postcard

Documentation

Postcard is a #![no_std] focused serializer and deserializer for Serde.

Postcard aims to be convenient for developers in constrained environments, while allowing for flexibility to customize behavior as needed.

Design Goals

  1. Design primarily for #![no_std] usage, in embedded or other constrained contexts
  2. Support a maximal set of serde features, so postcard can be used as a drop in replacement
  3. Avoid special differences in code between communication code written for a microcontroller or a desktop/server PC
  4. Be resource efficient - memory usage, code size, developer time, and CPU time; in that order
  5. Allow library users to customize the serialization and deserialization behavior to fit their bespoke needs

Format Stability

As of v1.0.0, postcard has a documented and stable wire format. More information about this wire format can be found in the spec/ folder of the Postcard repository, or viewed online at https://postcard.jamesmunns.com.

Work towards the Postcard Specification and portions of the Postcard 1.0 Release were sponsored by Mozilla Corporation.

Variable Length Data

All signed and unsigned integers larger than eight bits are encoded using a Varint. This includes the length of array slices, as well as the discriminant of enums.

For more information, see the Varint chapter of the wire specification.

Example - Serialization/Deserialization

Postcard can serialize and deserialize messages similar to other serde formats.

Using the default heapless feature to serialize to a heapless::Vec<u8>:

use core::ops::Deref;
use serde::{Serialize, Deserialize};
use postcard::{from_bytes, to_vec};
use heapless::Vec;

#[derive(Serialize, Deserialize, Debug, Eq, PartialEq)]
struct RefStruct<'a> {
    bytes: &'a [u8],
    str_s: &'a str,
}
let message = "hElLo";
let bytes = [0x01, 0x10, 0x02, 0x20];
let output: Vec<u8, 11> = to_vec(&RefStruct {
    bytes: &bytes,
    str_s: message,
}).unwrap();

assert_eq!(
    &[0x04, 0x01, 0x10, 0x02, 0x20, 0x05, b'h', b'E', b'l', b'L', b'o',],
    output.deref()
);

let out: RefStruct = from_bytes(output.deref()).unwrap();
assert_eq!(
    out,
    RefStruct {
        bytes: &bytes,
        str_s: message,
    }
);

Or the optional alloc feature to serialize to an alloc::vec::Vec<u8>:

use core::ops::Deref;
use serde::{Serialize, Deserialize};
use postcard::{from_bytes, to_allocvec};
extern crate alloc;
use alloc::vec::Vec;

#[derive(Serialize, Deserialize, Debug, Eq, PartialEq)]
struct RefStruct<'a> {
    bytes: &'a [u8],
    str_s: &'a str,
}
let message = "hElLo";
let bytes = [0x01, 0x10, 0x02, 0x20];
let output: Vec<u8> = to_allocvec(&RefStruct {
    bytes: &bytes,
    str_s: message,
}).unwrap();

assert_eq!(
    &[0x04, 0x01, 0x10, 0x02, 0x20, 0x05, b'h', b'E', b'l', b'L', b'o',],
    output.deref()
);

let out: RefStruct = from_bytes(output.deref()).unwrap();
assert_eq!(
    out,
    RefStruct {
        bytes: &bytes,
        str_s: message,
    }
);

Flavors

postcard supports a system called Flavors, which are used to modify the way postcard serializes or processes serialized data. These flavors act as "plugins" or "middlewares" during the serialization or deserialization process, and can be combined to obtain complex protocol formats.

See the documentation of the ser_flavors or de_flavors modules for more information on usage.

Setup - Cargo.toml

Don't forget to add the no-std subset of serde along with postcard to the [dependencies] section of your Cargo.toml!

[dependencies]
postcard = "1.0.0"

# By default, `serde` has the `std` feature enabled, which makes it unsuitable for embedded targets
# disabling default-features fixes this
serde = { version = "1.0.*", default-features = false }

License

Licensed under either of

at your option.

Contribution

Unless you explicitly state otherwise, any contribution intentionally submitted for inclusion in the work by you, as defined in the Apache-2.0 license, shall be dual licensed as above, without any additional terms or conditions.

Dependencies

~1.5MB
~33K SLoC