#tools #tool #store #data-format #pixels

app img2raw-tools

Convert images to raw pixel data

5 releases

0.4.0 Jan 29, 2020
0.3.4 Dec 27, 2019
0.3.2 Nov 29, 2019
0.3.1 Nov 13, 2019
0.3.0 Oct 20, 2019

#573 in Images

40 downloads per month

MIT license

455 lines


This repository provides a simple command-line tool img2raw which takes any supported raster image format (e.g. PNG, JPEG, HDR, ...) and outputs the raw pixel contents in scanline order according to some data format such as RGBA8 or R16F suitable for use in rendering applications. It supports basic color space conversions, but does not detect the source color space automatically. Storage of mip levels is not directly supported at this time.

By default the tool will output the raw pixel data and nothing else, so additional metadata needs to be associated with the output file for use in further applications. However, the tool also supports writing out a simple 16-byte header at the start of the output containing the data width, height, data format and color space. This header can be parsed using the type definitions in this crate. The pixel data immediately follows this header if present.

The repository is divided into two crates, img2raw and img2raw-tools. The former exposes type definitions for parsing the generated header, is no-std compatible with an optional zerocopy feature (enabled by default) and is intended for use in applications, while the latter provides the command-line tool and can be installed through cargo.

cargo install img2raw-tools


This software is provided under the MIT license.


The existence of this tool is motivated by me often needing to convert external assets into a format suitable for fast and efficient loading into graphics APIs in my own renderers and not wanting to google arcane imagemagick commands or constantly having to write one-off image converters. It's meant to be a simple, stable and easy-to-use program to process basic two-dimensional RGBA data into a number of known formats.

Supported Formats

Below is a table of all currently supported formats, though adding more is easy. Most formats have a 4-byte row alignment for compatibility with common graphics APIs, but some (when applicable) have a "packed" variant where padding bytes are never inserted at the end of each row. The "RGBA" notation refers only to the abstract channels the pixel data is contained in; the data may not be in an RGB color space, and may not even be a color, depending on the intended usage and target application.

Data format Channels Component data type Range Row alignment Row padding Notes
R32F R 32-bit floating-point (-∞, +∞) 4-byte Never
RG32F RG 32-bit floating-point (-∞, +∞) 4-byte Never
RGBA32F RGBA 32-bit floating-point (-∞, +∞) 4-byte Never
R16F R 16-bit floating-point (-∞, +∞) 4-byte 0 or 2 bytes
PackedR16F R 16-bit floating-point (-∞, +∞) 2-byte Never Packed variant of R16F.
RG16F RG 16-bit floating-point (-∞, +∞) 4-byte Never
RGBA16F RGBA 16-bit floating-point (-∞, +∞) 4-byte Never
R8 R 8-bit fixed-point [0, 1] 4-byte 0 to 3 bytes
RGBA8 RGBA 8-bit fixed-point [0, 1] 4-byte Never
PackedR8 R 8-bit fixed-point [0, 1] 1-byte Never Packed variant of R8.
RGBE8 RGBA 8-bit shared exponent (0, +∞) 4-byte Never RGBE encoding, alpha channel contains exponent.
BC1 RGB (block-compressed) [0, 1] N/A N/A Image dimensions should be a multiple of 4.
RG8 RG 8-bit fixed-point [0, 1] 4-byte 0 or 2 bytes

Currently, the source pixel data is silently clamped to the output format's range, and no attention is paid to floating-point infinities or NaNs. Warnings may be logged in a future version.

Supported Color Spaces

The color space support is very minimalistic, really the bare minimum to be able to know what kind of color data is actually being written out. It supports gamma-corrected sRGB, linear sRGB and CIE XYZ colors. Non-color data is also "supported" by simply not doing any processing on the image pixel data and simply writing it out as-is. Use the NonColor "color space" for both source and output to use the non-color path, using it on only one is a logic error.

Color space Description
NonColor The pixel data does not contain color information.
CIEXYZ The CIE XYZ 1931 color space using the D65 illuminant.
SRGB The sRGB color space as defined by IEC 61966-2-1:1999.
LinearSRGB The sRGB color space but without gamma correction, i.e. linear.


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