25 releases

0.4.4 May 2, 2024
0.4.1 Apr 15, 2024
0.4.0 Mar 18, 2024
0.3.4 Oct 10, 2023
0.1.10 Nov 30, 2021

#944 in Asynchronous

Download history 500/week @ 2024-03-13 404/week @ 2024-03-20 415/week @ 2024-03-27 416/week @ 2024-04-03 898/week @ 2024-04-10 355/week @ 2024-04-17 544/week @ 2024-04-24 650/week @ 2024-05-01 686/week @ 2024-05-08 439/week @ 2024-05-15 445/week @ 2024-05-22 786/week @ 2024-05-29 541/week @ 2024-06-05 472/week @ 2024-06-12 263/week @ 2024-06-19 256/week @ 2024-06-26

1,698 downloads per month

MIT license

97KB
2K SLoC

gcs-rsync

build codecov License:MIT docs.rs crates.io crates.io (recent) docker

Lightweight and efficient Rust gcs rsync for Google Cloud Storage.

gcs-rsync is faster than gsutil rsync according to the following benchmarks.

no hard limit to 32K objects or specific conf to compute state.

This crate can be used as a library or CLI. The API managing objects (download, upload, delete, ...) can be used independently.

How to install as crate

Cargo.toml

[dependencies]
gcs-rsync = "0.4"

How to install as cli tool

cargo install --example gcs-rsync gcs-rsync

~/.cargo/bin/gcs-rsync

How to run with docker

Mirror local folder to gcs

docker run --rm -it -v ${GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS}:/creds.json:ro -v <YourFolderToUpload>:/source:ro superbeeeeeee/gcs-rsync -r -m /source gs://<YourBucket>/<YourFolderToUpload>/

Mirror gcs to folder

docker run --rm -it -v ${GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS}:/creds.json:ro -v <YourFolderToDownloadTo>:/dest superbeeeeeee/gcs-rsync -r -m gs://<YourBucket>/<YourFolderToUpload>/ /dest

Mirror partial gcs with prefix to folder

docker run --rm -it -v ${GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS}:/creds.json:ro -v <YourFolderToDownloadTo>:/dest superbeeeeeee/gcs-rsync -r -m gs://<YourBucket>/<YourFolderToUpload>/<YourPrefix> /dest

Include or Exclude files using glob pattern

CLI gcs-rsync

-i (include glob pattern) and -x (exclude glob pattern) multiple times.

An example where any json or toml are included recursively except any test.json or test.toml recursively

docker run --rm -it -v ${GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS}:/creds.json:ro -v <YourFolderToDownloadTo>:/dest superbeeeeeee/gcs-rsync -r -m -i **/*.json -i **/*.toml -x **/test.json -x **/test.toml
 gs://<YourBucket>/YourFolderToUpload>/ /dest

Library

with_includes and with_excludes client builders are used to fill includes and excludes glob patterns.

Benchmark

Important note about gsutil: The gsutil ls command does not list all object items by default but instead list all prefixes while adding the -r flag slowdown gsutil performance. The ls performance command is very different to the rsync implementation.

new files only (first time sync)

  • gcs-rsync: 2.2s/7MB
  • gsutil: 9.93s/47MB

winner: gcs-rsync

gcs-rsync sync bench

rm -rf ~/Documents/test4 && cargo build --release --examples && /usr/bin/time -lp -- ./target/release/examples/bucket_to_folder_sync
real         2.20
user         0.13
sys          0.21
             7606272  maximum resident set size
                   0  average shared memory size
                   0  average unshared data size
                   0  average unshared stack size
                1915  page reclaims
                   0  page faults
                   0  swaps
                   0  block input operations
                   0  block output operations
                 394  messages sent
                1255  messages received
                   0  signals received
                  54  voluntary context switches
                5814  involuntary context switches
           636241324  instructions retired
           989595729  cycles elapsed
             3895296  peak memory footprint

gsutil sync bench

rm -rf ~/Documents/gsutil_test4 && mkdir ~/Documents/gsutil_test4 && /usr/bin/time -lp --  gsutil -m -q rsync -r gs://dev-bucket/sync_test4/ ~/Documents/gsutil_test4/
Operation completed over 215 objects/50.3 KiB.
real         9.93
user         8.12
sys          2.35
            47108096  maximum resident set size
                   0  average shared memory size
                   0  average unshared data size
                   0  average unshared stack size
              196391  page reclaims
                   1  page faults
                   0  swaps
                   0  block input operations
                   0  block output operations
               36089  messages sent
               87309  messages received
                   5  signals received
               38401  voluntary context switches
               51924  involuntary context switches
            12986389  instructions retired
            12032672  cycles elapsed
              593920  peak memory footprint

no change (second time sync)

  • gcs-rsync: 0.78s/8MB
  • gsutil: 2.18s/47MB

winner: gcs-rsync (due to size and mtime check before crc32c like gsutil does)

gcs-rsync sync bench

cargo build --release --examples && /usr/bin/time -lp -- ./target/release/examples/bucket_to_folder_sync
real         1.79
user         0.13
sys          0.12
             7864320  maximum resident set size
                   0  average shared memory size
                   0  average unshared data size
                   0  average unshared stack size
                1980  page reclaims
                   0  page faults
                   0  swaps
                   0  block input operations
                   0  block output operations
                 397  messages sent
                1247  messages received
                   0  signals received
                  42  voluntary context switches
                4948  involuntary context switches
           435013936  instructions retired
           704782682  cycles elapsed
             4141056  peak memory footprint

gsutil sync bench

/usr/bin/time -lp --  gsutil -m -q rsync -r gs://test-bucket/sync_test4/ ~/Documents/gsutil_test4/
real         2.18
user         1.37
sys          0.66
            46899200  maximum resident set size
                   0  average shared memory size
                   0  average unshared data size
                   0  average unshared stack size
              100108  page reclaims
                1732  page faults
                   0  swaps
                   0  block input operations
                   0  block output operations
                6311  messages sent
               12752  messages received
                   4  signals received
                6145  voluntary context switches
               14219  involuntary context switches
            13133297  instructions retired
            13313536  cycles elapsed
              602112  peak memory footprint

gsutil rsync config

gsutil -m -q rsync -r -d ./your-dir gs://your-bucket
/usr/bin/time -lp --  gsutil -m -q rsync -r gs://dev-bucket/sync_test4/ ~/Documents/gsutil_test4/

About authentication

All default functions related to authentication use GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS env var as default conf like official Google libraries do on other languages (golang, dotnet)

Other functions (from and from_file) provide the custom integration mode.

For more info about OAuth2, see the related README in the oauth2 mod.

How to run tests

Unit tests

cargo test --lib

Integration tests + Unit tests

TEST_SERVICE_ACCOUNT=<PathToAServiceAccount> TEST_BUCKET=<BUCKET> TEST_PREFIX=<PREFIX> cargo test --no-fail-fast

Examples

Upload object

Library

use std::path::Path;

use gcs_rsync::storage::{credentials, Object, ObjectClient, StorageResult};
use tokio_util::codec::{BytesCodec, FramedRead};

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() -> StorageResult<()> {
    let args = std::env::args().collect::<Vec<_>>();
    let bucket = args[1].as_str();
    let prefix = args[2].to_owned();
    let file_path = args[3].to_owned();

    let auc = Box::new(credentials::authorizeduser::default().await?);
    let object_client = ObjectClient::new(auc).await?;

    let file_path = Path::new(&file_path);
    let name = file_path.file_name().unwrap().to_string_lossy();

    let file = tokio::fs::File::open(file_path).await.unwrap();
    let stream = FramedRead::new(file, BytesCodec::new());

    let name = format!("{}/{}", prefix, name);
    let object = Object::new(bucket, name.as_str())?;
    object_client.upload(&object, stream).await.unwrap();
    println!("object {} uploaded", &object);
    Ok(())
}

CLI

cargo run --release --example upload_object "<YourBucket>" "<YourPrefix>" "<YourFilePath>"

Download object

Library

use std::path::Path;

use futures::TryStreamExt;
use gcs_rsync::storage::{credentials, Object, ObjectClient, StorageResult};
use tokio::{
    fs::File,
    io::{AsyncWriteExt, BufWriter},
};

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() -> StorageResult<()> {
    let args = std::env::args().collect::<Vec<_>>();
    let bucket = args[1].as_str();
    let name = args[2].as_str();
    let output_path = args[3].to_owned();

    let auc = Box::new(credentials::authorizeduser::default().await?);
    let object_client = ObjectClient::new(auc).await?;

    let file_name = Path::new(&name).file_name().unwrap().to_string_lossy();
    let file_path = format!("{}/{}", output_path, file_name);

    let object = Object::new(bucket, name)?;
    let mut stream = object_client.download(&object).await.unwrap();

    let file = File::create(&file_path).await.unwrap();
    let mut buf_writer = BufWriter::new(file);

    while let Some(data) = stream.try_next().await.unwrap() {
        buf_writer.write_all(&data).await.unwrap();
    }

    buf_writer.flush().await.unwrap();
    println!("object {} downloaded to {:?}", &object, file_path);
    Ok(())
}

CLI

cargo run --release --example download_object "<YourBucket>" "<YourObjectName>" "<YourAbsoluteExistingDirectory>"

Download public object

Library

use std::path::Path;

use futures::TryStreamExt;
use gcs_rsync::storage::{Object, ObjectClient, StorageResult};
use tokio::{
    fs::File,
    io::{AsyncWriteExt, BufWriter},
};

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() -> StorageResult<()> {
    let bucket = "gcs-rsync-dev-public";
    let name = "hello.txt";

    let object_client = ObjectClient::no_auth();

    let file_name = Path::new(&name).file_name().unwrap().to_string_lossy();
    let file_path = file_name.to_string();

    let object = Object::new(bucket, "hello.txt")?;
    let mut stream = object_client.download(&object).await.unwrap();

    let file = File::create(&file_path).await.unwrap();
    let mut buf_writer = BufWriter::new(file);

    while let Some(data) = stream.try_next().await.unwrap() {
        buf_writer.write_all(&data).await.unwrap();
    }

    buf_writer.flush().await.unwrap();
    println!("object {} downloaded to {:?}", &object, file_path);
    Ok(())
}

CLI

cargo run --release --example download_public_object "<YourBucket>" "<YourObjectName>" "<YourAbsoluteExistingDirectory>"

Delete object

Library

use gcs_rsync::storage::{credentials, Object, ObjectClient, StorageResult};

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() -> StorageResult<()> {
    let args = std::env::args().collect::<Vec<_>>();
    let bucket = args[1].as_str();
    let name = args[2].as_str();
    let object = Object::new(bucket, name)?;

    let auc = Box::new(credentials::authorizeduser::default().await?);
    let object_client = ObjectClient::new(auc).await?;

    object_client.delete(&object).await?;
    println!("object {} uploaded", &object);
    Ok(())
}

CLI

cargo run --release --example delete_object "<YourBucket>" "<YourPrefix>/<YourFileName>"

List objects

Library

use futures::TryStreamExt;
use gcs_rsync::storage::{credentials, ObjectClient, ObjectsListRequest, StorageResult};

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() -> StorageResult<()> {
    let args = std::env::args().collect::<Vec<_>>();
    let bucket = args[1].as_str();
    let prefix = args[2].to_owned();

    let auc = Box::new(credentials::authorizeduser::default().await?);
    let object_client = ObjectClient::new(auc).await?;

    let objects_list_request = ObjectsListRequest {
        prefix: Some(prefix),
        fields: Some("items(name),nextPageToken".to_owned()),
        ..Default::default()
    };

    object_client
        .list(bucket, &objects_list_request)
        .await
        .try_for_each(|x| {
            println!("{}", x.name.unwrap());
            futures::future::ok(())
        })
        .await?;

    Ok(())
}

CLI

cargo run --release --example list_objects "<YourBucket>" "<YourPrefix>"

List objects with default service account

Library

use futures::TryStreamExt;
use gcs_rsync::storage::{credentials, ObjectClient, ObjectsListRequest, StorageResult};

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() -> StorageResult<()> {
    let args = std::env::args().collect::<Vec<_>>();
    let bucket = args[1].as_str();
    let prefix = args[2].to_owned();

    let auc = Box::new(
        credentials::serviceaccount::default(
            "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/devstorage.full_control",
        )
        .await?,
    );
    let object_client = ObjectClient::new(auc).await?;

    let objects_list_request = ObjectsListRequest {
        prefix: Some(prefix),
        fields: Some("items(name),nextPageToken".to_owned()),
        ..Default::default()
    };

    object_client
        .list(bucket, &objects_list_request)
        .await
        .try_for_each(|x| {
            println!("{}", x.name.unwrap());
            futures::future::ok(())
        })
        .await?;

    Ok(())
}

CLI

GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS=<PathToJson> cargo r --release --example list_objects_service_account "<YourBucket>" "<YourPrefix>"

List lots of (>32K) objects

list a bucket having more than 60K objects

time cargo run --release --example list_objects "<YourBucket>" "<YourPrefixHavingMoreThan60K>" | wc -l

Profiling

Humans are terrible at guessing-about-performance

export CARGO_PROFILE_RELEASE_DEBUG=true
sudo -- cargo flamegraph --example list_objects "<YourBucket>" "<YourPrefixHavingMoreThan60K>"
cargo build --release --examples && /usr/bin/time -lp -- ./target/release/examples/list_objects "<YourBucket>" "<YourPrefixHavingMoreThan60K>"

Native bin build (static shared lib)

docker rust rust:alpine3.14
apk add --no-cache musl-dev pkgconfig openssl-dev

LDFLAGS="-static -L/usr/local/musl/lib" LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/musl/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH CFLAGS="-I/usr/local/musl/include" PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/usr/local/musl/lib/pkgconfig cargo build --release --target=x86_64-unknown-linux-musl --example bucket_to_folder_sync

Dependencies

~10–25MB
~371K SLoC