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#2389 in Parser implementations

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CSV to Parquet


Convert CSV files to Apache Parquet. This package is part of Arrow CLI tools.


Download prebuilt binaries

You can get the latest releases from https://github.com/domoritz/arrow-tools/releases.

With Homebrew

brew install domoritz/homebrew-tap/csv2parquet

With Cargo

cargo install csv2parquet

With Cargo B(inary)Install

To avoid re-compilation and speed up installation, you can install this tool with cargo binstall:

cargo binstall csv2parquet


Usage: csv2parquet [OPTIONS] <CSV> <PARQUET>

  <CSV>      Input CSV fil, stdin if not present
  <PARQUET>  Output file

  -s, --schema-file <SCHEMA_FILE>
          File with Arrow schema in JSON format
      --max-read-records <MAX_READ_RECORDS>
          The number of records to infer the schema from. All rows if not present. Setting max-read-records to zero will stop schema inference and all columns will be string typed
      --header <HEADER>
          Set whether the CSV file has headers [possible values: true, false]
  -d, --delimiter <DELIMITER>
          Set the CSV file's column delimiter as a byte character [default: ,]
  -c, --compression <COMPRESSION>
          Set the compression [possible values: uncompressed, snappy, gzip, lzo, brotli, lz4, zstd, lz4-raw]
  -e, --encoding <ENCODING>
          Sets encoding for any column [possible values: plain, plain-dictionary, rle, rle-dictionary, delta-binary-packed, delta-length-byte-array, delta-byte-array, byte-stream-split]
      --data-page-size-limit <DATA_PAGE_SIZE_LIMIT>
          Sets data page size limit
      --dictionary-page-size-limit <DICTIONARY_PAGE_SIZE_LIMIT>
          Sets dictionary page size limit
      --write-batch-size <WRITE_BATCH_SIZE>
          Sets write batch size
      --max-row-group-size <MAX_ROW_GROUP_SIZE>
          Sets max size for a row group
      --created-by <CREATED_BY>
          Sets "created by" property
          Sets flag to enable/disable dictionary encoding for any column
      --statistics <STATISTICS>
          Sets flag to enable/disable statistics for any column [possible values: none, chunk, page]
      --max-statistics-size <MAX_STATISTICS_SIZE>
          Sets max statistics size for any column. Applicable only if statistics are enabled
  -p, --print-schema
          Print the schema to stderr
  -n, --dry
          Only print the schema
  -h, --help
          Print help
  -V, --version
          Print version

The --schema-file option uses the same file format as --dry and --print-schema.


Convert a CSV to Parquet

csv2parquet data.csv data.parquet

Convert a CSV with no header to Parquet

csv2parquet --header false <CSV> <PARQUET>

Get the schema from a CSV with header

csv2parquet --header true --dry <CSV> <PARQUET>

Convert a CSV using schema-file to Parquet

Below is an example of the schema-file content:

  "fields": [
      "name": "col1",
      "data_type": "Utf8",
      "nullable": false,
      "dict_id": 0,
      "dict_is_ordered": false,
      "metadata": {}
      "name": " col2",
      "data_type": "Utf8",
      "nullable": false,
      "dict_id": 0,
      "dict_is_ordered": false,
      "metadata": {}
  " metadata": {}

Then add the schema-file schema.json in the command:

csv2parquet --header false --schema-file schema.json <CSV> <PARQUET>

Convert streams piping from standard input to standard output

This technique can prevent you from writing large files to disk. For example, here we stream a CSV file from a URL to S3.

curl <FILE_URL> | csv2parquet /dev/stdin /dev/stdout | aws s3 cp - <S3_DESTINATION>


~686K SLoC