#animation #interface #widgets #iced


An animation Crate for Iced and Cosmic DE

4 releases

0.2.0 Apr 13, 2023
0.1.2 Mar 29, 2023
0.1.1 Mar 28, 2023
0.1.0 Mar 28, 2023

#177 in GUI

MIT license



An animation toolkit for Iced

This Project was build for Cosmic DE. Though this will work for any project that depends on Iced.

The goal of this project is to provide a simple API to build and show complex animations efficiently in applications built with Iced-rs/Iced.

Project Goals:

  • Full compatibility with Iced and The Elm Architecture.
  • Ease of use.
  • No math required for any animation.
  • No heap allocations in render loop.
  • Provide additional animatable widgets.
  • Custom widget support (create your own!).


To wire cosmic-time into Iced there are five steps to do.

  1. Create a Timeline This is the type that controls the animations.
struct Counter {
      timeline: Timeline

// ~ SNIP

impl Application for Counter {
    // ~ SNIP
     fn new(_flags: ()) -> (Self, Command<Message>) {
        (Self { timeline: Timeline::new()}, Command::none())
  1. Add at least one animation to your timeline. This can be done in your Application's new() or update(), or both!
static CONTAINER: Lazy<id::Container> = Lazy::new(id::Container::unique);

let animation = chain![

There are some different things here!

static CONTAINER: Lazyid::Container = Lazy::new(id::Container::unique);

Cosmic Time refers to each animation with an Id. We export our own, but they are Identical to the widget Id's Iced uses for widget operations. Each animatable widget needs an Id. And each Id can only refer to one animation.

let animation = chain![

Cosmic Time refers to animations as Chains because of how we build then. Each Keyframe is linked together like a chain. The Cosmic Time API doesn't say "change your width from 10 to 100". We define each state we want the widget to have .width(10) at Duration::ZERO then .width(100) at Duration::from_secs(10). Where the Duration is the time after the previous keyframe. This is why we call the animations chains. We cannot get to the next state without animating though all previous Keyframes.


Then we need to add the animation to the Timeline. We call this .set_chain, because there can only be one chain per Id. If we set_chain with a different animation with the same Id, the first one is replaced. This a actually a feature not a bug! As well you can set multiple animations at once: self.timeline.set_chain(animation1).set_chain(animation2).start()


This one function call is important enough that we should look at it specifically. Cosmic Time is atomic, given the animation state held in the Timeline at any given time the global animations will be the exact same. The value used to calculate any animation's interpolation is global. And we use .start() to sync them together. Say you have two 5 seconds animations running at the same time. They should end at the same time right? That all depends on when the widget thinks it's animation should start. .start() tells all pending animations to start at the moment that .start() is called. This guarantees they stay in sync. IMPORTANT! Be sure to only call .start() once per call to update(). The below is incorrect!


That code will compile, but will result in the animations not being in sync.

  1. Add the Cosmic time Subscription
  fn subscription(&self) -> Subscription<Message> {
  1. Map the subscription to update the timeline's state:
fn update(&mut self, message: Message) -> Command<Message> {
       match message {
           Message::Tick(now) => self.timeline.now(now),

If you skip this step your animations will not progress!

  1. Show the widget in your view()!
anim!(CONTIANER, &self.timeline, contents)

All done! There is a bit of wiring to get Cosmic Time working, but after that it's only a few lines to create rather complex animations! See the Pong example to see how a full game of pong can be implemented in only a few lines!


  • No heap allocations in animation render loop
  • Compile time type guarantee that animation id will match correct animation to correct widget type.
  • Animatable container widget
  • Looping animations
  • Animation easing
  • test for easing
  • add space widget
  • add button widget
  • add row widget
  • add column widget
  • add toggle button widget
  • Use iced 0.8
  • use iced 0.8's framerate subscription
  • Add logic for different animation Ease values
  • Documentation
  • optimize for as_subscription logic
  • Add pause for animations
  • Lazy keyframes. (Keyframes that can use the position of a previous (active or not) animation to start another animation.)


  • Add container and space animiations between arbitraty length units. Example: Length::Shrink to Length::Fixed(10.) and/or Length::Fill to Length::Shrink Only fixed Length::Fixed(_) are supported currently.
  • Add Cosmic cargo feature for compatibility with both iced and System76's temporary fork.
  • Low motion accesability detection to disable animations.
  • general animation logic tests
  • Work on web via wasm-unknown-unknown builds
  • physics based animations
  • Figure out what else needs to be on this list

Map of iced version to required cosmic-time version.

Iced Version Required Cosmic Time Version
0.8 1.2
0.9 2.0


~373K SLoC