9 releases

✓ Uses Rust 2018 edition

new 0.2.6 May 24, 2019
0.2.5 May 19, 2019
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0.2.0 Feb 19, 2019
0.0.1 Nov 27, 2018

#22 in WebAssembly

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Percy

Build status

A modular toolkit for building interactive frontend browser apps with Rust + WebAssembly. Supports server side rendering.

The Percy Book

The Percy Book


What is an isomorphic web app?

An isomorphic web application allows the same application code (in our case Rust code) to be run on both the server-side and the client-side (usually a web browser).

So the server would render the application into a String of HTML and send that down to the client.

Then the client would take over, re-rendering the application to a DOM Node whenever application state changes.

In a browser our application renders to an HtmlElement, and on the server our application renders to a String.

API Documentation

Getting Started

For a full example of an isomorphic web app in Rust check out the isomorphic example.


The best way to get up to speed is by checking out The Percy Book, but here are some very basic examples to get your feet wet with.

Quickstart - Getting your feet wet

You can create applications that only have server side rendering, client side rendering, or both!

Here's a quick-and-easy working example of client side rendering that you can try right now!


First, Create a new project using

cargo new client-side-web-app --lib
cd client-side-web-app

Add the following files to your project.

touch build.sh
touch index.html

Here's the end directory structure:

.
├── Cargo.toml
├── build.sh
├── index.html
└── src
    └── lib.rs

Now edit each file with the following contents:

# contents of build.sh

#!/bin/bash

cd "$(dirname "$0")"

mkdir -p public

CSS_FILE="$(pwd)/public/app.css"
OUTPUT_CSS=$CSS_FILE wasm-pack build --no-typescript --dev --target no-modules --out-dir ./public
cp index.html public/
// contents of src/lib.rs

#![feature(proc_macro_hygiene)]

use wasm_bindgen::prelude::*;
use web_sys;
use web_sys::MouseEvent;

use css_rs_macro::css;
use virtual_dom_rs::prelude::*;

#[wasm_bindgen]
struct App {
  dom_updater: DomUpdater
}

#[wasm_bindgen]
impl App {
    #[wasm_bindgen(constructor)]
    pub fn new () -> App {
        let start_view = html! { <div> Hello </div> };

        let window = web_sys::window().unwrap();
        let document = window.document().unwrap();
        let body = document.body().unwrap();

        let mut dom_updater = DomUpdater::new_append_to_mount(start_view, &body);

        let greetings = "Hello, World!";

        let end_view = html! {
           // Use regular Rust comments within your html
           <div class="big blue">
              /* Interpolate values using braces */
              <strong>{ greetings }</strong>

              <button
                class=MY_COMPONENT_CSS
                onclick=|_event: MouseEvent| {
                   web_sys::console::log_1(&"Button Clicked!".into());
                }
              >
                // No need to wrap text in quotation marks (:
                Click me and check your console
              </button>
           </div>
        };

        dom_updater.update(end_view);

        App { dom_updater }
    }
}

static MY_COMPONENT_CSS: &'static str = css!{r#"
:host {
    font-size: 24px;
    font-weight: bold;
}
"#};

static _MORE_CSS: &'static str = css!{r#"
.big {
  font-size: 30px;
}

.blue {
  color: blue;
}
"#};
# contents of Cargo.toml

[package]
name = "browser"
version = "0.1.0"
authors = ["Friends of Percy"]
edition = "2018"

[lib]
crate-type = ["cdylib"] # Don't forget this!

[dependencies]
wasm-bindgen = "0.2.37"
js-sys = "0.3.14"
virtual-dom-rs = "0.6"
css-rs-macro = "0.1"

[dependencies.web-sys]
version = "0.3"
features = [
    "Document",
    "MouseEvent",
    "Window",
    "console"
]
<!-- contents of index.html -->
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
    <head>
        <meta charset="UTF-8">
        <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
        <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="app.css"/>
        <title>Client Side Demo</title>
    </head>
    <body style='margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; height: 100%;'>
        <script src='/browser.js'></script>
        <script>
            window.wasm_bindgen(`/browser_bg.wasm`).then(() => {
                const { App } = window.wasm_bindgen
                new App()
            })
        </script>
    </body>
</html>

Now run

cargo install wasm-pack

# Or any other static file server that supports the application/wasm mime type
npm install -g http-server

chmod +x ./build.sh
./build.sh

# Visit localhost:8080 in your browser
http-server public --open

And you should see the following:

Client side example

Nice work!

More Examples

Contributing

Always feel very free to open issues and PRs with any questions / thoughts that you have!

Even if it feels basic or simple - if there's a question on your mind that you can't quickly answer yourself then that's a failure in the documentation.

Much more information on how to contribute to the codebase can be found in the contributing section of The Percy Book!

To Test

To run all of the unit, integration and browser tests, grab the dependencies then :

./test.sh

See Also

License

MIT

Dependencies

~2MB
~35K SLoC