#undo #redo

undo_2

Undo and redo done the right-way

3 unstable releases

Uses new Rust 2021

0.2.0 Nov 17, 2022
0.1.2 Nov 16, 2022
0.1.1 Nov 16, 2022
0.1.0 Nov 15, 2022

#314 in Data structures

Download history 76/week @ 2022-11-12 25/week @ 2022-11-19

101 downloads per month

MIT/Apache

55KB
677 lines

Undo done the right way!

Introduction

An undo crate that makes it so that, the instant you edit something you undid to, instead of truncating the undo/redo history, it bakes the rewind onto the end of the Undo history as a precursor to your new change. The idea originates from (and all the credits goes to) zaboople/klonk. This crate is an implementation of this idea with a minor variation explained below.

As an example consider the following sequence of commands:

Command State
Init
Do A A
Do B A, B
Undo A
Do C A, C

With the classical undo, repeated undo would lead to the sequence:

Command State
A, C
Undo A
Undo

Starting from 5, with undo_2, repeating undo would lead to the sequence:

Command State
A, C
Undo A
Undo A,B
Undo A
Undo

undo_2's undo navigates back in history, while classical undo navigates back through the sequence of command that builds the state.

Features

  1. historical undo sequence, no commands are lost.
  2. user-friendly compared to complex undo trees.
  3. optimized implementation: no commands are ever copied.
  4. very lightweight, dumb and simple.
  5. possibility to merge and splice commands.

How to use it

Add the dependency to the cargo file:

[dependencies]
undo_2 = "0.1"

Then add this to your source file:

use undo_2::Commands;

The example below implements a dumb text editor. undo_2 does not perform itself "undos" and "redos", rather, it returns a sequence of commands that must be interpreted by the application. This design pattern makes implementation easier because it is not necessary to borrow data within the stored list of commands.

use undo_2::{Commands,Action};

enum Command {
    Add(char),
    Delete(char),
}

struct TextEditor {
    text: String,
    command: Commands<Command>,
}

impl TextEditor {
    pub fn new() -> Self {
        Self {
            text: String::new(),
            command: Commands::new(),
        }
    }
    pub fn add_char(&mut self, c: char) {
        self.text.push(c);
        self.command.push(Command::Add(c));
    }
    pub fn delete_char(&mut self) {
        if let Some(c) = self.text.pop() {
            self.command.push(Command::Delete(c));
        }
    }
    pub fn undo(&mut self) {
        for action in self.command.undo() {
            interpret_action(&mut self.text, action)
        }
    }
    pub fn redo(&mut self) {
        for action in self.command.redo() {
            interpret_action(&mut self.text, action)
        }
    }
}

fn interpret_action(data: &mut String, action: Action<&Command>) {
    use Command::*;
    match action {
        Action::Do(Add(c)) | Action::Undo(Delete(c)) => {
            data.push(*c);
        }
        Action::Undo(Add(_)) | Action::Do(Delete(_)) => {
            data.pop();
        }
    }
}

let mut editor = TextEditor::new();
editor.add_char('a'); //              :[1]
editor.add_char('b'); //              :[2]
editor.add_char('d'); //              :[3]
assert_eq!(editor.text, "abd");

editor.undo(); // first undo          :[4]
assert_eq!(editor.text, "ab");

editor.add_char('c'); //              :[5]
assert_eq!(editor.text, "abc");

editor.undo(); // Undo [5]            :[6]
assert_eq!(editor.text, "ab");
editor.undo(); // Undo the undo [4]   :[7]
assert_eq!(editor.text, "abd");
editor.undo(); // Undo [3]            :[8]
assert_eq!(editor.text, "ab");
editor.undo(); // Undo [2]            :[9]
assert_eq!(editor.text, "a");

More information

  1. After a sequence of consecutive undo, if a new command is added, the undos forming the sequence are merged. This makes the traversal of the undo sequence more concise by avoiding state duplication.
Command State Comment
Init
Do A A
Do B A,B
Do C A, B, C
Undo A, B Merged
Undo A Merged
Do D A, D
Undo A Redo the 2 Merged Undo
Undo A, B, C
Undo A, B
Undo A
Undo
  1. Each execution of an undos or redo may lead to the execution of a sequence of actions in the form Undo(a)+Do(b)+Do(c). Basic arithmetic is implemented assuming that Do(a)+Undo(a) is equivalent to not doing anything (here the 2 a's designate the same entity, not to equal objects).

The piece of code below, which is the longer version of the code above, illustrates points 1 and 2.

let mut editor = TextEditor::new();
editor.add_char('a'); //              :[1]
editor.add_char('b'); //              :[2]
editor.add_char('d'); //              :[3]
assert_eq!(editor.text, "abd");

editor.undo(); // first undo          :[4]
assert_eq!(editor.text, "ab");

editor.add_char('c'); //              :[5]
assert_eq!(editor.text, "abc");

editor.undo(); // Undo [5]            :[6]
assert_eq!(editor.text, "ab");
editor.undo(); // Undo the undo [4]   :[7]
assert_eq!(editor.text, "abd");
editor.undo(); // Undo [3]            :[8]
assert_eq!(editor.text, "ab");
editor.undo(); // Undo [2]            :[9]
assert_eq!(editor.text, "a");

editor.add_char('z'); //              :[10]
assert_eq!(editor.text, "az");
// when an action is performed after a sequence
// of undo, the undos are merged: undos [6] to [9] are merged now

editor.undo(); // back to [10]
assert_eq!(editor.text, "a");
editor.undo(); // back to [5]: reverses the consecutive sequence of undos in batch
assert_eq!(editor.text, "abc");
editor.undo(); // back to [4]
assert_eq!(editor.text, "ab");
editor.undo(); // back to [3]
assert_eq!(editor.text, "abd");
editor.undo(); // back to [2]
assert_eq!(editor.text, "ab");
editor.undo(); // back to [1]
assert_eq!(editor.text, "a");
editor.undo(); // back to [0]
assert_eq!(editor.text, "");

editor.redo(); // back to [1]
assert_eq!(editor.text, "a");
editor.redo(); // back to [2]
assert_eq!(editor.text, "ab");
editor.redo(); // back to [3]
assert_eq!(editor.text, "abd");
editor.redo(); // back to [4]
assert_eq!(editor.text, "ab");
editor.redo(); // back to [5]
assert_eq!(editor.text, "abc");
editor.redo(); // back to [9]: redo inner consecutive sequence of undos in batch
               //              (undo are merged only when they are not the last action)
assert_eq!(editor.text, "a");
editor.redo(); // back to [10]
assert_eq!(editor.text, "az");

editor.add_char('1');
editor.add_char('2');
assert_eq!(editor.text, "az12");
editor.undo();
editor.undo();
assert_eq!(editor.text, "az");
editor.redo(); // undo is the last action, undo the undo only once
assert_eq!(editor.text, "az1");
editor.redo();
assert_eq!(editor.text, "az12");

Crate features

serde: enabled by default

Dependencies

~0.3–1MB
~21K SLoC