### 2 unstable releases

0.1.0 | Apr 18, 2022 |
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0.0.1 | Jun 29, 2021 |

#**1078** in Math

**BSD-3-Clause**

120KB

2K
SLoC

# rusty-compression

A low-rank compression library in Rust.

This library provides various routines for the low-rank compression of
linear operators. The algorithms are mostly adapted from the book
*Fast direct solvers for elliptic PDEs* by Gunnar Martinsson.

For examples see the two example programs in the directory

.
In application use the library requires the `examples`

dependency
to be linked against `ndarray-linalg`

or another Lapack library. For details
see the corresponding documentation of ndarray-linalg.`Openblas`

###
`lib.rs`

:

This library provides routines to compute low-rank approximations of matrices.

# Overview

Let $A\in\mathbb{C}^{m\times n}$ be a given matrix. A low-rank approximation is a representation of the form $$ A\approx UV^H $$ with $U\in\mathbb{C}^{m\times k}$ and $V\in\mathbb{C}^{n\times k}$, where $k$ is sufficiently small for the required application. A frequently used representation is also $$ A\approx \tilde{U}X\tilde{V}^H $$ with a $k\times k$ matrix $X$.

The basis of the library is a pivoted QR decomposition of $A$ of the form $$ AP = QR $$ with $P$ a permutation matrix, $Q\in\mathbb{C}^{m\times \ell}$ a matrix with orthogonal columns of unit norm, $R\in\mathbb{C}^{\ell\times n}$ upper triangular, and $\ell=\min\{m, n\}$.

In a pivoted QR decomposition the diagonal elements of $R$ are sorted in non-increasing order, that is $|r_{11}|\geq |r_{22}|\geq \dots$. We can therefore compress $A$ by choosing an index $k$ and only keeping the first $k$ columns of $Q$ and the first $k$ rows of $R$. The library allows to choose the parameter $k$ directly or by a given tolerance $\tau$ such that $\langle|\frac{r_{kk}}{r_{11}}\rangle|< \tau$.

Alternatively, one can also low-rank compress by first computing the Singular Value Decomposition. This is more accurate but also more costly.

From the compressed QR decomposition we can compute a column pivoted interpolative decomposition of the form $$ A \approx CZ $$ The matrix $C$ is defined as $$ C = A[:, [i_1, i_2, \dots]], $$ that is a selection of columns of $A$ with indices $i_1, i_2, \dots$.

The column pivoted interpolative decomposition has the advantage that we are using columns of $A$ as low-rank basis, which in applications often have physical meaning as opposed to the columns of $Q$.

From the column pivoted interpolative decomposition we can also compute a two-sided decomposition of the form $$ A\approx C X R $$ Here, $X$ is a $k\times k$ matrix, which is the submatrix of $A$ formed of the column indices $i_1, i_2, \dots$ and row indices $j_1, j_2, \dots$.

Similarly to a column interpolative decomposition, a corresponding row interpolative decomposition is available that selects rows of $A$ for the low rank approximation.

#### Dependencies

~**65MB**

~867K SLoC