#plugin #events #tracing #ingest #modality #data #trace-recorder

bin+lib modality-trace-recorder-plugin

A Modality reflector plugin suite and ingest adapter library for Percepio's TraceRecorder data

14 releases (6 breaking)

0.9.0 Feb 29, 2024
0.7.0 Feb 21, 2024
0.3.6 May 23, 2023
0.3.4 Mar 8, 2023
0.1.3 Jul 22, 2022

#66 in Configuration

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Apache-2.0

220KB
4.5K SLoC

modality-trace-recorder-plugin   ci crates.io

A Modality reflector plugin suite and ingest adapter library for Percepio's TraceRecorder data.

Kernel Port Snapshot Protocol Streaming Protocol File Import Streaming Ports
FreeRTOS v6 v10, v12-v14 yes TCP, ITM, RTT

Getting Started

  1. Add TraceRecorder source files and configuration into your RTOS project (e.g. using Using FreeRTOS-Plus-Trace)
  2. Use the importer to import a memory dump or streaming data file, or use one of the available streaming collectors to collect data from a running system

Adapter Concept Mapping

The following describes the default mapping between TraceRecorder's concepts and Modality's concepts. See the configuration section for ways to change the default behavior.

  • Task and ISR objects are represented as separate Modality timelines
  • The initial startup task ('(startup)') is also represented as a separate Modality timeline
  • Streaming header and snapshot fields are represented as Modality timeline attributes under the timeline.internal.trace_recorder prefix
  • Object properties and event context fields are represented as Modality event attributes under the event.internal.trace_recorder prefix
  • Event field attributes are at the root level (e.g. event.channel for USER_EVENT channel field)
  • Task and ISR context switches will be synthesized into Modality timeline interactions

See the Modality documentation for more information on the Modality concepts.

Configuration

All of the plugins can be configured through a TOML configuration file (from either the --config option or the MODALITY_REFLECTOR_CONFIG environment variable). All of the configuration fields can optionally be overridden at the CLI, see --help for more details.

See the modality-reflector Configuration File documentation for more information about the reflector configuration.

Common Sections

These sections are the same for each of the plugins.

  • [ingest] — Top-level ingest configuration.

    • additional-timeline-attributes — Array of key-value attribute pairs to add to every timeline seen by the plugin.
    • override-timeline-attributes — Array of key-value attribute pairs to override on every timeline seen by this plugin.
    • allow-insecure-tls — Whether to allow insecure connections. Defaults to false.
    • protocol-parent-url — URL to which this reflector will send its collected data.
  • [metadata] — Plugin configuration table.

    • run-id — Use the provided UUID as the run ID instead of generating a random one.
    • time-domain — Use the provided UUID as the time domain ID instead of generating a random one.
    • startup-task-name — Use the provided initial startup task name instead of the default ((startup)).
    • single-task-timeline — Use a single timeline for all tasks instead of a timeline per task. ISRs can still be represented with their own timelines or not.
    • disable-task-interactions — Don't synthesize interactions between tasks and ISRs when a context switch occurs.
    • use-timeline-id-channel — Detect task/ISR timeline IDs from the device by reading events on the modality_timeline_id channel (format is name=<obj-name>,id=<timeline-id>).
    • deviant-event-id-base — Parse Deviant custom events using the provided base event ID.
    • ignored-object-classes — Array of object classes to ignore processing during ingest (e.g. [queue, semaphore])
    • user-event-channel — Instead of USER_EVENT @ <task-name>, use the user event channel as the event name (<channel> @ <task-name>).
    • user-event-format-string — Instead of USER_EVENT @ <task-name>, use the user event format string as the event name (<format-string> @ <task-name>).
    • [[user-event-channel-name]] — Use a custom event name whenever a user event with a matching channel is processed.
      • channel— The input channel name to match on.
      • event-name— The Modality event name to use.
    • [[user-event-formatted-string-name]] — Use a custom event name whenever a user event with a matching formatted string is processed.
      • formatted-string— The input formatted string to match on.
      • event-name— The Modality event name to use.
    • [[user-event-fmt-arg-attr-keys]] — Use custom attribute keys instead of the default argN keys for user events matching the given channel and format string.
      • channel— The input channel name to match on.
      • format-string— The input format string to match on.
      • attribute-keys— Array of Modality event attribute keys to use.

Deviant Events

When the deviant-event-id-base configuration is provided, Deviant related information will be parsed and mapped from TraceRecorder custom events to their reserved Modality event names and attributes.

Expected event ID offset and data:

  • Event: modality.mutator.announced
    • Event ID offset: 0
    • data: ['mutator_id']
      • mutator_id is a 16-byte UUID array
  • Event: modality.mutator.retired
    • Event ID offset: 1
    • data: ['mutator_id']
      • mutator_id is a 16-byte UUID array
  • Event: modality.mutation.command_communicated
    • Event ID offset: 2
    • data: ['mutator_id', 'mutation_id', 'mutation_success']
      • mutator_id is a 16-byte UUID array
      • mutation_id is a 16-byte UUID array
      • mutation_success is a 4-byte (uint32_t) boolean
  • Event: modality.mutation.clear_communicated
    • Event ID offset: 3
    • data: ['mutator_id', 'mutation_id', 'mutation_success']
      • mutator_id is a 16-byte UUID array
      • mutation_id is a 16-byte UUID array
      • mutation_success is a 4-byte (uint32_t) boolean
  • Event: modality.mutation.triggered
    • Event ID offset: 4
    • data: ['mutator_id', 'mutation_id', 'mutation_success']
      • mutator_id is a 16-byte UUID array
      • mutation_id is a 16-byte UUID array
      • mutation_success is a 4-byte (uint32_t) boolean
  • Event: modality.mutation.injected
    • Event ID offset: 5
    • data: ['mutator_id', 'mutation_id', 'mutation_success']
      • mutator_id is a 16-byte UUID array
      • mutation_id is a 16-byte UUID array
      • mutation_success is a 4-byte (uint32_t) boolean

See the Deviant documentation for more information on Mutators and Mutations.

Importer Section

These metadata fields are specific to the importer plugin.

Note that individual plugin configuration goes in a specific table in your reflector configuration file, e.g. [plugins.ingest.importers.trace-recorder.metadata].

  • [metadata] — Plugin configuration table.
    • protocol — The protocol to use. Either streaming, snapshot, or auto. The default is auto.
    • file — Path to the file to import.

TCP Collector Section

These metadata fields are specific to the streaming TCP collector plugin.

Note that individual plugin configuration goes in a specific table in your reflector configuration file, e.g. [plugins.ingest.collectors.trace-recorder-tcp.metadata].

  • [metadata] — Plugin configuration table.
    • disable-control-plane — Disable sending control plane commands to the target. By default, CMD_SET_ACTIVE is sent on startup and shutdown to start and stop tracing on the target.
    • restart — Send a stop command before a start command to reset tracing on the target.
    • connect-timeout — Specify a connection timeout. Accepts durations like "10ms" or "1minute 2seconds 22ms".
    • remote — The remote address and port to connect to. The default is 127.0.0.1:8888.

ITM Collector Section

These metadata fields are specific to the streaming ITM collector plugin.

Note that individual plugin configuration goes in a specific table in your reflector configuration file, e.g. [plugins.ingest.collectors.trace-recorder-itm.metadata].

  • [metadata] — Plugin configuration table.
    • disable-control-plane — Disable sending control plane commands to the target. By default, CMD_SET_ACTIVE is sent on startup and shutdown to start and stop tracing on the target.
    • restart — Send a stop command before a start command to reset tracing on the target.
    • elf-file — Extract the location in memory of the ITM streaming port variables from the debug symbols from an ELF file (tz_host_command_bytes_to_read and tz_host_command_data). These are used to start and stop tracing by writing control plane commands from the probe.
    • command-data-addr — Use the provided memory address for the ITM streaming port variable tz_host_command_data. These are used to start and stop tracing by writing control plane commands from the probe.
    • command-len-addr — Use the provided memory address for the ITM streaming port variable tz_host_command_bytes_to_read. These are used to start and stop tracing by writing control plane commands from the probe.
    • stimulus-port — The ITM stimulus port used for trace recorder data.The default value is 1.
    • probe-selector — Select a specific probe instead of opening the first available one.
    • chip — The target chip to attach to (e.g. STM32F407VE).
    • protocol — Protocol used to connect to chip. Possible options: [swd, jtag]. The default value is swd.
    • speed — The protocol speed in kHz. The default value is 4000.
    • core — The selected core to target. The default value is 0.
    • clk — The speed of the clock feeding the TPIU/SWO module in Hz.
    • baud — The desired baud rate of the SWO output.
    • reset — Reset the target on startup.
    • chip-description-path — Provides custom target descriptions based on CMSIS Pack files. See the probe-rs target extraction section for more information.

RTT Collector Section

These metadata fields are specific to the streaming RTT collector plugin.

Note that individual plugin configuration goes in a specific table in your reflector configuration file, e.g. [plugins.ingest.collectors.trace-recorder-rtt.metadata].

  • [metadata] — Plugin configuration table.
    • attach-timeout — Specify a target attach timeout. When provided, the plugin will continually attempt to attach and search for a valid RTT control block anywhere in the target RAM. Accepts durations like "10ms" or "1minute 2seconds 22ms". See the RTT timing section for more information.
    • disable-control-plane — Disable sending control plane commands to the target. By default, CMD_SET_ACTIVE is sent on startup and shutdown to start and stop tracing on the target.
    • restart — Send a stop command before a start command to reset tracing on the target.
    • up-channel — The RTT up (target to host) channel number to poll on. The default value is 1.
    • down-channel — The RTT down (host to target) channel number to send start/stop commands on. The default value is 1.
    • probe-selector — Select a specific probe instead of opening the first available one.
    • chip — The target chip to attach to (e.g. STM32F407VE).
    • protocol — Protocol used to connect to chip. Possible options: [swd, jtag]. The default value is swd.
    • speed — The protocol speed in kHz. The default value is 4000.
    • core — The selected core to target. The default value is 0.
    • reset — Reset the target on startup.
    • chip-description-path — Provides custom target descriptions based on CMSIS Pack files. See the probe-rs target extraction section for more information.

Configuration Examples

The configuration example snippets below are based on the importer section but can also be applied to any of the collectors.

Each example builds on the previous.

The data was queried using modality query and was produced from the following TraceRecorder instrumentation (truncated for brevity).

// logging_info will write to a channel named "info"
#define INFO(fmt, ...) logging_info(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)

int main(void)
{
    // ...

    INFO("System initialized");

    // ...
}

static void sensor_task(void* params)
{
    int16_t adc;
    traceString ch;

    ch = xTraceRegisterString("adc");
    while(1)
    {
        // ...
        adc = read_adc();
        vTracePrintF(ch, "%d", adc);
        // ...
    }
}

static void comms_task(void* params)
{
    traceString ch;
    wire_msg_s wire_msg = {0};

    ch = xTraceRegisterString("comms-tx");

    // ...

    INFO("Comms network ready");

    while(1)
    {
        const comms_msg_s comms_msg = comms_recv();

        // ...

        wire_msg.magic0 = WIRE_MAGIC0;
        wire_msg.magic1 = WIRE_MAGIC1;
        wire_msg.type = WIRE_TYPE_SENSOR_DATA;
        wire_msg.seqnum += 1;
        wire_msg.adc = comms_msg.adc;

        vTracePrintF(ch, "%u %u %d", wire_msg.type, wire_msg.seqnum, wire_msg.adc);

        // ...
    }
}

Default

■  ║  ║  TRACE_START @ (startup)  [1272bab3d50d491691d0abefd1bc9cc0:00]
║  ║  ║    task=(startup)
║  ║  ║    timestamp=1190400ns
║  ║  ║
■  ║  ║  USER_EVENT @ (startup)  [1272bab3d50d491691d0abefd1bc9cc0:13]
║  ║  ║    channel=info
║  ║  ║    formatted_string=System initialized
║  ║  ║    timestamp=7027200ns
║  ║  ║
║  ■  ║  USER_EVENT @ Sensor  [5528cf640e1045ea833335b809cfc02e:0130]
║  ║  ║    arg0=-128
║  ║  ║    channel=adc
║  ║  ║    formatted_string=-128
║  ║  ║    timestamp=262105600ns
║  ║  ║
║  ║  ■  USER_EVENT @ Comms  [8a0430ddb8c143299c01080926457436:04d6]
║  ║  ║    channel=info
║  ║  ║    formatted_string=Comms network ready
║  ║  ║    timestamp=2173248000ns
║  ║  ║
║  ║  ■  USER_EVENT @ Comms  [8a0430ddb8c143299c01080926457436:04d8]
║  ║  ║    arg0=240
║  ║  ║    arg1=1
║  ║  ║    arg2=-128
║  ║  ║    channel=comms-tx
║  ║  ║    formatted_string=240 1 -128
║  ║  ║    timestamp=2173299200ns

startup-task-name

[plugins.ingest.importers.trace-recorder.metadata]
startup-task-name = 'my-fw-img'
■  ║  ║  TRACE_START @ my-fw-img  [a324dcfaddb6415b878741b0238f4cf3:00]
║  ║  ║    task=(startup)
║  ║  ║    timestamp=1190400ns
║  ║  ║
■  ║  ║  USER_EVENT @ my-fw-img  [a324dcfaddb6415b878741b0238f4cf3:13]
║  ║  ║    channel=info
║  ║  ║    formatted_string=System initialized
║  ║  ║    timestamp=7027200ns
║  ║  ║
║  ■  ║  USER_EVENT @ Sensor  [8e1c7e7a3560498d932247bb100281f2:0130]
║  ║  ║    arg0=-128
║  ║  ║    channel=adc
║  ║  ║    formatted_string=-128
║  ║  ║    timestamp=262105600ns
║  ║  ║
║  ║  ■  USER_EVENT @ Comms  [ffe10d39ee5546e8aa0fc0450ee37ed0:04d6]
║  ║  ║    channel=info
║  ║  ║    formatted_string=Comms network ready
║  ║  ║    timestamp=2173248000ns
║  ║  ║
║  ║  ■  USER_EVENT @ Comms  [ffe10d39ee5546e8aa0fc0450ee37ed0:04d8]
║  ║  ║    arg0=240
║  ║  ║    arg1=1
║  ║  ║    arg2=-128
║  ║  ║    channel=comms-tx
║  ║  ║    formatted_string=240 1 -128
║  ║  ║    timestamp=2173299200ns

user-event-channel

[plugins.ingest.importers.trace-recorder.metadata]
startup-task-name = 'my-fw-img'
user-event-channel = true
■  ║  ║  TRACE_START @ my-fw-img  [381937af8be847f7a556829770e7ba77:00]
║  ║  ║    task=(startup)
║  ║  ║    timestamp=1190400ns
║  ║  ║
■  ║  ║  info @ my-fw-img  [381937af8be847f7a556829770e7ba77:13]
║  ║  ║    channel=info
║  ║  ║    formatted_string=System initialized
║  ║  ║    timestamp=7027200ns
║  ║  ║
║  ■  ║  adc @ Sensor  [d19f58f7e235473a9799812cf7975a57:0130]
║  ║  ║    arg0=-128
║  ║  ║    channel=adc
║  ║  ║    formatted_string=-128
║  ║  ║    timestamp=262105600ns
║  ║  ║
║  ║  ■  info @ Comms  [24aa15eb92864a508ae7a962afafe9a4:04d6]
║  ║  ║    channel=info
║  ║  ║    formatted_string=Comms network ready
║  ║  ║    timestamp=2173248000ns
║  ║  ║
║  ║  ■  comms-tx @ Comms  [24aa15eb92864a508ae7a962afafe9a4:04d8]
║  ║  ║    arg0=240
║  ║  ║    arg1=1
║  ║  ║    arg2=-128
║  ║  ║    channel=comms-tx
║  ║  ║    formatted_string=240 1 -128
║  ║  ║    timestamp=2173299200ns

user-event-fmt-arg-attr-keys

[plugins.ingest.importers.trace-recorder.metadata]
startup-task-name = 'my-fw-img'
user-event-channel = true

    [[plugins.ingest.importers.trace-recorder.metadata.user-event-fmt-arg-attr-keys]]
    channel = 'comms-tx'
    format-string = '%u %u %d'
    attribute-keys = ['type', 'seqnum', 'adc']

    [[plugins.ingest.importers.trace-recorder.metadata.user-event-fmt-arg-attr-keys]]
    channel = 'adc'
    format-string = '%d'
    attribute-keys = ['measurement']
■  ║  ║  TRACE_START @ my-fw-img  [001e1d94336042e6bbbfdb3b04609ec4:00]
║  ║  ║    task=(startup)
║  ║  ║    timestamp=1190400ns
║  ║  ║
■  ║  ║  info @ my-fw-img  [001e1d94336042e6bbbfdb3b04609ec4:13]
║  ║  ║    channel=info
║  ║  ║    formatted_string=System initialized
║  ║  ║    timestamp=7027200ns
║  ║  ║
║  ■  ║  adc @ Sensor  [8245e9ef77344e3f9698adb9d45487d4:0130]
║  ║  ║    channel=adc
║  ║  ║    formatted_string=-128
║  ║  ║    measurement=-128
║  ║  ║    timestamp=262105600ns
║  ║  ║
║  ║  ■  info @ Comms  [59be714493cc4d67b15c0ee459a9fc3d:04d6]
║  ║  ║    channel=info
║  ║  ║    formatted_string=Comms network ready
║  ║  ║    timestamp=2173248000ns
║  ║  ║
║  ║  ■  comms-tx @ Comms  [59be714493cc4d67b15c0ee459a9fc3d:04d8]
║  ║  ║    channel=comms-tx
║  ║  ║    formatted_string=240 1 -128
║  ║  ║    type=240
║  ║  ║    seqnum=1
║  ║  ║    adc=-128
║  ║  ║    timestamp=2173299200ns

LICENSE

See LICENSE for more details.

Copyright 2024 Auxon Corporation

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

Dependencies

~37–53MB
~804K SLoC