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mail-auth

crates.io build docs.rs crates.io

mail-auth is an e-mail authentication and reporting library written in Rust that supports the DKIM, ARC, SPF and DMARC protocols. The library aims to be fast, safe and correct while supporting all major message authentication and reporting RFCs.

Features:

  • DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM):
    • ED25519-SHA256 (Edwards-Curve Digital Signature Algorithm), RSA-SHA256 and RSA-SHA1 signing and verification.
    • DKIM Authorized Third-Party Signatures.
    • DKIM failure reporting using the Abuse Reporting Format.
    • Key-pair generation for both RSA and Ed25519 (enabled by the generate feature).
  • Authenticated Received Chain (ARC):
    • ED25519-SHA256 (Edwards-Curve Digital Signature Algorithm), RSA-SHA256 and RSA-SHA1 chain verification.
    • ARC sealing.
  • Sender Policy Framework (SPF):
    • Policy evaluation.
    • SPF failure reporting using the Abuse Reporting Format.
  • Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting, and Conformance (DMARC):
    • Policy evaluation.
    • DMARC aggregate report parsing and generation.
  • Abuse Reporting Format (ARF):
    • Abuse and Authentication failure reporting.
    • Feedback report parsing and generation.
  • SMTP TLS Reporting:
    • Report parsing and generation.

Usage examples

DKIM Signature Verification

    // Create a resolver using Cloudflare DNS
    let resolver = Resolver::new_cloudflare_tls().unwrap();

    // Parse message
    let authenticated_message = AuthenticatedMessage::parse(RFC5322_MESSAGE.as_bytes()).unwrap();

    // Validate signature
    let result = resolver.verify_dkim(&authenticated_message).await;

    // Make sure all signatures passed verification
    assert!(result.iter().all(|s| s.result() == &DkimResult::Pass));

DKIM Signing

    // Sign an e-mail message using RSA-SHA256
    let pk_rsa =  RsaKey::<Sha256>::from_pkcs1_pem(RSA_PRIVATE_KEY).unwrap();
    let signature_rsa = DkimSigner::from_key(pk_rsa)
        .domain("example.com")
        .selector("default")
        .headers(["From", "To", "Subject"])
        .sign(RFC5322_MESSAGE.as_bytes())
        .unwrap();

    // Sign an e-mail message using ED25519-SHA256
    let pk_ed = Ed25519Key::from_bytes(
        &base64_decode(ED25519_PUBLIC_KEY.as_bytes()).unwrap(),
        &base64_decode(ED25519_PRIVATE_KEY.as_bytes()).unwrap(),
    )
    .unwrap();
    let signature_ed = DkimSigner::from_key(pk_ed)
        .domain("example.com")
        .selector("default-ed")
        .headers(["From", "To", "Subject"])
        .sign(RFC5322_MESSAGE.as_bytes())
        .unwrap();    

    // Print the message including both signatures to stdout
    println!(
        "{}{}{}",
        signature_rsa.to_header(),
        signature_ed.to_header(),
        RFC5322_MESSAGE
    );

ARC Chain Verification

    // Create a resolver using Cloudflare DNS
    let resolver = Resolver::new_cloudflare_tls().unwrap();

    // Parse message
    let authenticated_message = AuthenticatedMessage::parse(RFC5322_MESSAGE.as_bytes()).unwrap();

    // Validate ARC chain
    let result = resolver.verify_arc(&authenticated_message).await;

    // Make sure ARC passed verification
    assert_eq!(result.result(), &DkimResult::Pass);

ARC Chain Sealing

    // Create a resolver using Cloudflare DNS
    let resolver = Resolver::new_cloudflare_tls().unwrap();

    // Parse message to be sealed
    let authenticated_message = AuthenticatedMessage::parse(RFC5322_MESSAGE.as_bytes()).unwrap();

    // Verify ARC and DKIM signatures
    let arc_result = resolver.verify_arc(&authenticated_message).await;
    let dkim_result = resolver.verify_dkim(&authenticated_message).await;

    // Build Authenticated-Results header
    let auth_results = AuthenticationResults::new("mx.mydomain.org")
        .with_dkim_result(&dkim_result, "sender@example.org")
        .with_arc_result(&arc_result, "127.0.0.1".parse().unwrap());

    // Seal message
    if arc_result.can_be_sealed() {
        // Seal the e-mail message using RSA-SHA256
        let pk_rsa = RsaKey::<Sha256>::from_pkcs1_pem(RSA_PRIVATE_KEY).unwrap();
        let arc_set = ArcSealer::from_key(pk_rsa)
            .domain("example.org")
            .selector("default")
            .headers(["From", "To", "Subject", "DKIM-Signature"])
            .seal(&authenticated_message, &auth_results, &arc_result)
            .unwrap();

        // Print the sealed message to stdout
        println!("{}{}", arc_set.to_header(), RFC5322_MESSAGE)
    } else {
        eprintln!("The message could not be sealed, probably an ARC chain with cv=fail was found.")
    }

SPF Policy Evaluation

    // Create a resolver using Cloudflare DNS
    let resolver = Resolver::new_cloudflare_tls().unwrap();

    // Verify HELO identity
    let result = resolver
        .verify_spf_helo("127.0.0.1".parse().unwrap(), "gmail.com", "my-local-domain.org")
        .await;
    assert_eq!(result.result(), SpfResult::Fail);

    // Verify MAIL-FROM identity
    let result = resolver
        .verify_spf_sender("::1".parse().unwrap(), "gmail.com", "my-local-domain.org", "sender@gmail.com")
        .await;
    assert_eq!(result.result(), SpfResult::Fail);

DMARC Policy Evaluation

    // Create a resolver using Cloudflare DNS
    let resolver = Resolver::new_cloudflare_tls().unwrap();

    // Verify DKIM signatures
    let authenticated_message = AuthenticatedMessage::parse(RFC5322_MESSAGE.as_bytes()).unwrap();
    let dkim_result = resolver.verify_dkim(&authenticated_message).await;

    // Verify SPF MAIL-FROM identity
    let spf_result = resolver
        .verify_spf_sender("::1".parse().unwrap(), "example.org", "my-local-domain.org", "sender@example.org")
        .await;

    // Verify DMARC
    let dmarc_result = resolver
        .verify_dmarc(
            &authenticated_message,
            &dkim_result,
            "example.org",
            &spf_result,
        )
        .await;
    assert_eq!(dmarc_result.dkim_result(), &DmarcResult::Pass);
    assert_eq!(dmarc_result.spf_result(), &DmarcResult::Pass);

More examples available under the examples directory.

Testing & Fuzzing

To run the testsuite:

 $ cargo test

To fuzz the library with cargo-fuzz:

 $ cargo +nightly fuzz run mail_auth

Conformed RFCs

DKIM

SPF

DMARC

ARF

SMTP TLS Reporting

License

Licensed under either of

at your option.

Copyright (C) 2020-2023, Stalwart Labs Ltd.

Dependencies

~23–37MB
~680K SLoC