#llm #ai #ml #artificial-intelligence


An implementation of LLaMA (Large Language Model Meta AI) for the llm ecosystem

5 releases

0.1.1 May 8, 2023
0.1.0-rc4 May 8, 2023
0.1.0-rc3 May 7, 2023
0.1.0-rc1 May 4, 2023

#6 in #ggml

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544 downloads per month
Used in llm


2.5K SLoC


A llama riding a crab, AI-generated

Image by @darthdeus, using Stable Diffusion

Latest version MIT/Apache2 Discord

llm is a Rust ecosystem of libraries for running inference on large language models, inspired by llama.cpp.

The primary crate is the llm crate, which wraps llm-base and supported model crates.

On top of llm, there is a CLI application, llm-cli, which provides a convenient interface for running inference on supported models. This CLI is available from the latest GitHub release.

It is powered by the ggml tensor library, and aims to bring the robustness and ease of use of Rust to the world of large language models.

Currently, the following models are supported:

  • GPT-2
  • GPT-J
  • LLaMA: LLaMA, Alpaca, Vicuna, Koala, GPT4All v1, GPT4-X, Wizard
  • GPT-NeoX: GPT-NeoX, StableLM, Dolly v2 (partial, not the same tensor names?)

Getting started

Make sure you have a Rust 1.65.0 or above and C toolchain[^1] set up.

llm is a Rust library that re-exports llm-base and the model crates (e.g. bloom, gpt2 llama).

llm-cli (binary name llm) is a basic application that provides a CLI interface to the library.

NOTE: For best results, make sure to build and run in release mode. Debug builds are going to be very slow.

Building using cargo


cargo install --git https://github.com/rustformers/llm llm-cli

to install llm to your Cargo bin directory, which rustup is likely to have added to your PATH.

The CLI application can then be run through llm.

Building from repository

Clone the repository and then build it with

git clone --recurse-submodules git@github.com:rustformers/llm.git
cargo build --release

The resulting binary will be at target/release/llm[.exe].

It can also be run directly through Cargo, using

cargo run --release -- <ARGS>

This is useful for development.

Getting models

GGML files are easy to acquire. For a list of models that have been tested, see the known-good models.

Certain older GGML formats are not supported by this project, but the goal is to maintain feature parity with the upstream GGML project. For problems relating to loading models, or requesting support for supported GGML model types, please open an Issue.

From Hugging Face

Hugging Face 🤗 is a leader in open-source machine learning and hosts hundreds of GGML models. Search for GGML models on Hugging Face 🤗.


This Reddit community maintains a wiki related to GGML models, including well organized lists of links for acquiring GGML models (mostly from Hugging Face 🤗).

LLaMA original weights

Currently, the only legal source to get the original weights is this repository.

After acquiring the weights, it is necessary to convert them into a format that is compatible with ggml. To achieve this, follow the steps outlined below:


To run the Python scripts, a Python version of 3.9 or 3.10 is required. 3.11 is unsupported at the time of writing.

# Convert the model to f16 ggml format
python3 scripts/convert-pth-to-ggml.py /path/to/your/models/7B/ 1

# Quantize the model to 4-bit ggml format
cargo run --release llama quantize /path/to/your/models/7B/ggml-model-f16.bin /path/to/your/models/7B/ggml-model-q4_0.bin q4_0

In future, we hope to provide a more streamlined way of converting models.


The llama.cpp repository has additional information on how to obtain and run specific models.


For example, try the following prompt:

llm llama infer -m <path>/ggml-model-q4_0.bin -p "Tell me how cool the Rust programming language is:"

Some additional things to try:

  • Use --help to see a list of available options.

  • If you have the alpaca-lora weights, try repl mode!

    llm llama repl -m <path>/ggml-alpaca-7b-q4.bin -f examples/alpaca_prompt.txt
  • Sessions can be loaded (--load-session) or saved (--save-session) to file. To automatically load and save the same session, use --persist-session. This can be used to cache prompts to reduce load time, too:

[^1]: A modern-ish C toolchain is required to compile ggml. A C++ toolchain should not be necessary.


# To build (This will take some time, go grab some coffee):
docker build -t llm .

# To run with prompt:
docker run --rm --name llm -it -v ${PWD}/data:/data -v ${PWD}/examples:/examples llm llama infer -m data/gpt4all-lora-quantized-ggml.bin -p "Tell me how cool the Rust programming language is:"

# To run with prompt file and repl (will wait for user input):
docker run --rm --name llm -it -v ${PWD}/data:/data -v ${PWD}/examples:/examples llm llama repl -m data/gpt4all-lora-quantized-ggml.bin -f examples/alpaca_prompt.txt


Why did you do this?

It was not my choice. Ferris appeared to me in my dreams and asked me to rewrite this in the name of the Holy crab.

Seriously now.

Come on! I don't want to get into a flame war. You know how it goes, something something memory something something cargo is nice, don't make me say it, everybody knows this already.

I insist.

Sheesh! Okaaay. After seeing the huge potential for llama.cpp, the first thing I did was to see how hard would it be to turn it into a library to embed in my projects. I started digging into the code, and realized the heavy lifting is done by ggml (a C library, easy to bind to Rust) and the whole project was just around ~2k lines of C++ code (not so easy to bind). After a couple of (failed) attempts to build an HTTP server into the tool, I realized I'd be much more productive if I just ported the code to Rust, where I'm more comfortable.

Is this the real reason?

Haha. Of course not. I just like collecting imaginary internet points, in the form of little stars, that people seem to give to me whenever I embark on pointless quests for rewriting X thing, but in Rust.

How is this different from llama.cpp?

This is a reimplementation of llama.cpp that does not share any code with it outside of ggml. This was done for a variety of reasons:

  • llama.cpp requires a C++ compiler, which can cause problems for cross-compilation to more esoteric platforms. An example of such a platform is WebAssembly, which can require a non-standard compiler SDK.
  • Rust is easier to work with from a development and open-source perspective; it offers better tooling for writing "code in the large" with many other authors. Additionally, we can benefit from the larger Rust ecosystem with ease.
  • We would like to make ggml an optional backend (see this issue).

In general, we hope to build a solution for model inferencing that is as easy to use and deploy as any other Rust crate.

What applications and libraries use llm?


  • llmcord: Discord bot for generating messages using llm.



~107K SLoC