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#1 in #data-analysis

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MIT/Apache

355KB
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Evcxr Jupyter Kernel

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Latest Version

A Jupyter Kernel for the Rust programming language.

Installation

If you don't already have Rust installed, follow these instructions.

You can either download a pre-built binary from the Releases page, extract it from the archive and put it somewhere on your path, or build from source by running:

cargo install --locked evcxr_jupyter

Whether using a prebuilt binary or one you built yourself, you'll need to run the following command in order to register the kernel with Jupyter.

evcxr_jupyter --install

By default, evcxr_jupyter --install will install the kernel into a user local directory, e.g., $HOME/.local/share/jupyter/kernels.

If your operating system is an older version, or has a different libc than what the pre-built binaries were compiled with, then you'll need to build from source using the command above.

To actually use evcxr_jupyter, you'll need Jupyter notebook to be installed.

  • Debian or Ubuntu Linux: sudo apt install jupyter-notebook
  • Mac: You might be able to brew install jupyter
  • Windows, or if the above options don't work for you, see https://jupyter.org/install

You'll also need the source for the Rust standard library installed. If you already use rust-analyzer, you'll likely have this installed. To install this using rustup, run:

rustup component add rust-src

Running

To start Jupyter Notebook, run:

jupyter notebook

Once started, it should open a page in your web browser. Look for the "New" menu on the right and from it, select "Rust".

Usage information

Evcxr is both a REPL and a Jupyter kernel. See Evcxr common usage for information that is common to both.

Custom output

The last expression in a cell gets printed. By default, we'll use the debug formatter to emit plain text. If you'd like, you can provide a function to show your type (or someone else's type) as HTML (or an image). To do this, the type needs to implement a method called evcxr_display which should then print one or more mime-typed blocks to stdout. Each block starts with a line containing EVCXR_BEGIN_CONTENT followed by the mime type, then a newline, the content then ends with a line containing EVCXR_END_CONTENT.

For example, the following shows how you might provide a custom display function for a type Matrix. You can copy this code into a Jupyter notebook cell to try it out.

use std::fmt::Debug;
pub struct Matrix<T> {pub values: Vec<T>, pub row_size: usize}
impl<T: Debug> Matrix<T> {
    pub fn evcxr_display(&self) {
        let mut html = String::new();
        html.push_str("<table>");
        for r in 0..(self.values.len() / self.row_size) {
            html.push_str("<tr>");
            for c in 0..self.row_size {
                html.push_str("<td>");
                html.push_str(&format!("{:?}", self.values[r * self.row_size + c]));
                html.push_str("</td>");
            }
            html.push_str("</tr>");
        }
        html.push_str("</table>");
        println!("EVCXR_BEGIN_CONTENT text/html\n{}\nEVCXR_END_CONTENT", html);
    }
}
let m = Matrix {values: vec![1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9], row_size: 3};
m

It's probably a good idea to either print the whole block at once, or to lock stdout then print the block. This should ensure that nothing else prints to stdout at the same time (at least no other Rust code).

If the content is binary (e.g. mime type "image/png") then it should be base64 encoded.

Prompting for input

:dep evcxr_input
let name = evcxr_input::get_string("Name?");
let password = evcxr_input::get_password("Password?");

Installing from git head

If there's a bugfix in git that you'd like to try out, you can install directly from git with the command:

cargo install --force --git https://github.com/evcxr/evcxr.git evcxr_jupyter

3rd party integrations

There are several Rust crates that provide Evcxr integration:

  • Petgraph
    • Graphs (the kind with nodes and edges)
  • Plotly
    • Lots of different kinds of charts
  • Plotters
    • Charts
  • Showata
    • Displays images, vectors, matrices (nalgebra and ndarray)

3rd party resources

  • Eng. Mahmoud Harmouch has written a series of articles and developed a list of Jupyter notebooks equipped with all the tools needed for various data analysis tasks that are documented in this repository.

  • Dr. Shahin Rostami has written a book Data Analysis with Rust Notebooks. It uses library versions that are a bit out of date now, but the examples still work. He's also put up a great getting started video.

Limitations

  • Don't ask Jupyter to "interrupt kernel", it won't work. Rust threads can't be interrupted.

Uninstall

evcxr_jupyter --uninstall
cargo uninstall evcxr_jupyter

Dependencies

~35–51MB
~1M SLoC