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Used in concordium-smart-contract…

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An SDK for Rust to interact with the Concordium blockchain

The SDK has support for constructing and sending transactions, and for querying various aspects of the chain and the node itself.

The SDK version 2 supports both the old V1 node GRPC API (accessible via the endpoints module) as well as the new V2 API (accessible via the v2 module). New users should use the API since it is more flexible, has more features, and performs better. The V1 API will be deprecated in the next SDK version.

Minimum supported Rust version

The minimal supported rust version is stated in the Cargo.toml manifest. A MSRV bump will be accompanied by at least a minor version bump of the SDK.

Add it to your project

The SDK is published on crates.io.

[dependencies]
concordium-rust-sdk = "2"

Versions

  • Node version compatibility: 5.4+

Basic usage

The core structure of the SDK is the Client which maintains a connection to the node and supports querying the node and sending messages to it. This client is cheaply clonable.

The Client is constructed using the new method.

use concordium_rust_sdk::*;

#[tokio::main(flavor = "multi_thread")]
async fn main() -> anyhow::Result<()> {
    // Establish a connection to the node running locally and listening on port 20000
    let mut client = v2::Client::new(v2::Endpoint::from_str("http://localhost:20000")?).await?;

    // Query consensus information and print it as JSON
    let consensus_info = client.get_consensus_info().await?;
    println!("{}", serde_json::to_string_pretty(&consensus_info).unwrap());
    Ok(())
}

Signing transactions

The transactions::send contains methods for constructing and sending transactions. There is an accompanying module transactions::construct which can be used if transactions only need to be constructed, but not immediately signed.

Each supported transaction has a method to construct it that takes minimal data needed for the transaction. Once a transaction is constructed it can be sent to the node and the chain using the send_block_item endpoint.

Examples

There are a number of examples showing basic usage of the different endpoints. They can be found in the examples directory.

As a basic example, see v2_send_transfer for a complete example of constructing a transfer transaction and sending it.

All examples can be compiled with

cargo build --release --example $NAME

for example

cargo build --release --example v2_send_transfer

Optional features

The SDK has an optional postgres feature which enables functionality to interface with a postgres database where the node logs transactions indexed by affected account.

Documentation

The rendered documentation is available at https://docs.rs/concordium-rust-sdk/latest/

Migration from V1 to V2

The endpoints in V1 and V2 APIs for the most part mirror each other. However some endpoints were split in the V2 API to make it possible to only query data that is commonly needed faster. The main differences are

  • The V1 endpoint get_block_summary has been split into

    • get_block_events (for transaction events, i.e., outcomes of transactions sent by users)
    • get_block_special_events (for special events such as CCD minting, and delegation/baker rewards)
    • get_chain_parameters for chain parameters
    • get_update_next_sequence_numbers for sequence numbers of update instructions
    • get_finalization_summary for the details of finalization records in a block.
  • The node information has been consolidated into two endpoints, get_node_info, and get_peers_info, the latter of which now returns both the list of peers and their details.

For developers

The SDK relies on files generated from protobuf schemas. These files are committed to the repository so that users of the SDK do not have to have the protobuf compiler installed in order to use the SDK.

Occasionally there is a need to update the generated files, if the schemas change. This can be done by compiling the SDK using the generate-protos feature, i.e.,

cargo build --features=generate-protos

Updating these files should only be done when the node's API, determined by the schemas, changes and we need to support the new API in the SDK.

Dependencies

~25–37MB
~534K SLoC