#ebpf #bpf #linux #kernel

aya

An eBPF library with a focus on developer experience and operability

9 releases

0.11.0 Jun 6, 2022
0.10.7 Mar 19, 2022
0.10.6 Nov 13, 2021
0.10.5 Oct 15, 2021
0.10.2 Jun 17, 2021

#167 in Unix APIs

Download history 100/week @ 2022-06-13 96/week @ 2022-06-20 121/week @ 2022-06-27 119/week @ 2022-07-04 104/week @ 2022-07-11 247/week @ 2022-07-18 523/week @ 2022-07-25 455/week @ 2022-08-01 59/week @ 2022-08-08 73/week @ 2022-08-15 330/week @ 2022-08-22 293/week @ 2022-08-29 212/week @ 2022-09-05 413/week @ 2022-09-12 384/week @ 2022-09-19 96/week @ 2022-09-26

1,126 downloads per month
Used in 4 crates

MIT/Apache

1MB
22K SLoC

Aya

Crates.io License Build status Documentaiton

API docs | Chat

Overview

eBPF is a technology that allows running user-supplied programs inside the Linux kernel. For more info see https://ebpf.io/what-is-ebpf.

Aya is an eBPF library built with a focus on operability and developer experience. It does not rely on libbpf nor bcc - it's built from the ground up purely in Rust, using only the libc crate to execute syscalls. With BTF support and when linked with musl, it offers a true compile once, run everywhere solution, where a single self-contained binary can be deployed on many linux distributions and kernel versions.

Some of the major features provided include:

  • Support for the BPF Type Format (BTF), which is transparently enabled when supported by the target kernel. This allows eBPF programs compiled against one kernel version to run on different kernel versions without the need to recompile.
  • Support for function call relocation and global data maps, which allows eBPF programs to make function calls and use global variables and initializers.
  • Async support with both tokio and async-std.
  • Easy to deploy and fast to build: aya doesn't require a kernel build or compiled headers, and not even a C toolchain; a release build completes in a matter of seconds.

Example

Aya supports a large chunk of the eBPF API. The following example shows how to use a BPF_PROG_TYPE_CGROUP_SKB program with aya:

use std::fs::File;
use std::convert::TryInto;
use aya::Bpf;
use aya::programs::{CgroupSkb, CgroupSkbAttachType};

// load the BPF code
let mut bpf = Bpf::load_file("bpf.o")?;

// get the `ingress_filter` program compiled into `bpf.o`. 
let ingress: &mut CgroupSkb = bpf.program_mut("ingress_filter")?.try_into()?;

// load the program into the kernel
ingress.load()?;

// attach the program to the root cgroup. `ingress_filter` will be called for all
// incoming packets.
let cgroup = File::open("/sys/fs/cgroup/unified")?;
ingress.attach(cgroup, CgroupSkbAttachType::Ingress)?;

Community

Join the conversation on Discord to discuss anything related to aya.

Contributing

Please see the contributing guide.

License

Aya is distributed under the terms of either the MIT license or the Apache License (version 2.0), at your option.

Unless you explicitly state otherwise, any contribution intentionally submitted for inclusion in this crate by you, as defined in the Apache-2.0 license, shall be dual licensed as above, without any additional terms or conditions.

Dependencies

~2.2–8.5MB
~147K SLoC