#filesystem #crypto #security #privacy #storage

zbox

ZboxFS is a zero-details, privacy-focused in-app file system

23 releases

0.8.7 Oct 12, 2019
0.8.4 Aug 22, 2019
0.8.3 Jul 10, 2019
0.6.1 Sep 8, 2018
0.1.1 May 11, 2017

#18 in Filesystem

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ZboxFS Logo ZboxFS

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ZboxFS is a zero-details, privacy-focused in-app file system. Its goal is to help application store files securely, privately and reliably. By encapsulating files and directories into an encrypted repository, it provides a virtual file system and exclusive access to authorised application.

Unlike other system-level file systems, such as ext4, XFS and Btrfs, which provide shared access to multiple processes, ZboxFS is a file system that runs in the same memory space as the application. It only provides access to one process at a time.

By abstracting IO access, ZboxFS supports a variety of underlying storage layers, including memory, OS file system, RDBMS and key-value object store.

Disclaimer

ZboxFS is under active development, we are not responsible for any data loss or leak caused by using it. Always back up your files and use at your own risk!

Features

  • Everything is encrypted 🔒, including metadata and directory structure, no knowledge can be leaked to underlying storage
  • State-of-the-art cryptography: AES-256-GCM (hardware), XChaCha20-Poly1305, Argon2 password hashing and etc., powered by libsodium
  • Support varieties of underlying storages, including memory, OS file system, RDBMS, Key-value object store and more
  • Files and directories are packed into same-sized blocks to eliminate metadata leakage
  • Content-based data chunk deduplication and file-based deduplication
  • Data compression using LZ4 in fast mode, optional
  • Data integrity is guaranteed by authenticated encryption primitives (AEAD crypto)
  • File contents versioning
  • Copy-on-write (COW 🐮) semantics
  • ACID transactional operations
  • Built with Rust ♥️

Comparison

Many OS-level file systems support encryption, such as EncFS, APFS and ZFS. Some disk encryption tools also provide virtual file system, such as TrueCrypt, LUKS and VeraCrypt.

This diagram shows the difference between ZboxFS and them.

Comparison

Below is the feature comparison list.

ZboxFS OS-level File Systems Disk Encryption Tools
Encrypts file contents ✔️ partial ✔️
Encrypts file metadata ✔️ partial ✔️
Encrypts directory ✔️ partial ✔️
Data integrity ✔️ partial ✖️
Shared access for processes ✖️ ✔️ ✔️
Deduplication ✔️ ✖️ ✖️
Compression ✔️ partial ✖️
Content versioning ✔️ ✖️ ✖️
COW semantics ✔️ partial ✖️
ACID Transaction ✔️ ✖️ ✖️
Varieties of storages ✔️ ✖️ ✖️
API access ✔️ through VFS through VFS
Symbolic links ✖️ ✔️ depends on inner FS
Users and permissions ✖️ ✔️ ✔️
FUSE support ✖️ ✔️ ✔️
Linux and macOS support ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Windows support ✔️ partial ✔️

Supported Storage

ZboxFS supports a variety of underlying storages. Memory storage is enabled by default. All the other storages can be enabled individually by specifying its corresponding Cargo feature when building ZboxFS.

Storage URI identifier Cargo Feature
Memory "mem://" N/A
OS file system "file://" storage-file
SQLite "sqlite://" storage-sqlite
Redis "redis://" storage-redis
Zbox Cloud Storage "zbox://" storage-zbox-native

* Visit zbox.io to learn more about Zbox Cloud Storage.

How to use

For reference documentation, please visit documentation.

Requirements

Supported Platforms

  • 64-bit Debian-based Linux, such as Ubuntu
  • 64-bit macOS
  • 64-bit Windows
  • 64-bit Android, API level >= 21

32-bit and other OS are NOT supported yet.

Usage

Add the following dependency to your Cargo.toml:

[dependencies]
zbox = "0.8.7"

If you don't want to install libsodium by yourself, simply specify libsodium-bundled feature in dependency, which will automatically download, verify and build libsodium.

[dependencies]
zbox = { version = "0.8.7", features = ["libsodium-bundled"] }

Example

extern crate zbox;

use std::io::{Read, Write, Seek, SeekFrom};
use zbox::{init_env, RepoOpener, OpenOptions};

fn main() {
    // initialise zbox environment, called first
    init_env();

    // create and open a repository in current OS directory
    let mut repo = RepoOpener::new()
        .create(true)
        .open("file://./my_repo", "your password")
        .unwrap();

    // create and open a file in repository for writing
    let mut file = OpenOptions::new()
        .create(true)
        .open(&mut repo, "/my_file.txt")
        .unwrap();

    // use std::io::Write trait to write data into it
    file.write_all(b"Hello, World!").unwrap();

    // finish writing to make a permanent content version
    file.finish().unwrap();

    // read file content using std::io::Read trait
    let mut content = String::new();
    file.seek(SeekFrom::Start(0)).unwrap();
    file.read_to_string(&mut content).unwrap();
    assert_eq!(content, "Hello, World!");
}

Build with Docker

ZboxFS comes with Docker support, which made building ZboxFS easier. Check each repo for more details.

Static linking with libsodium

By default, ZboxFS uses dynamic linking when it is linked with libsodium. If you want to change this behavior and use static linking, you can enable below two environment variables.

On Linux/macOS,

export SODIUM_LIB_DIR=/path/to/your/libsodium/lib
export SODIUM_STATIC=true

On Windows,

set SODIUM_LIB_DIR=C:\path\to\your\libsodium\lib
set SODIUM_STATIC=true

And then re-build the code.

cargo build

Performance

The performance test is run on a Macbook Pro 2017 laptop with spec as below.

Spec Value
Processor Name: Intel Core i7
Processor Speed: 3.5 GHz
Number of Processors: 1
Total Number of Cores: 2
L2 Cache (per Core): 256 KB
L3 Cache: 4 MB
Memory: 16 GB
OS Version: macOS High Sierra 10.13.6

Test result:

Read Write TPS
Baseline (memcpy): 3658.23 MB/s 3658.23 MB/s N/A
Baseline (file): 1307.97 MB/s 2206.30 MB/s N/A
Memory storage (no compress): 605.01 MB/s 186.20 MB/s 1783 tx/s
Memory storage (compress): 505.04 MB/s 161.11 MB/s 1180 tx/s
File storage (no compress): 445.28 MB/s 177.39 MB/s 313 tx/s
File storage (compress): 415.85 MB/s 158.22 MB/s 325 tx/s

To run the performance test on your own computer, please follow the instructions in CONTRIBUTING.md.

Contribution

Unless you explicitly state otherwise, any contribution intentionally submitted for inclusion in the work by you, as defined in the Apache-2.0 license, shall be licensed as above, without any additional terms of conditions.

Please read CONTRIBUTING.md for details on our code of conduct, and the process for submitting pull requests to us.

Community

License

ZboxFS is licensed under the Apache 2.0 License - see the LICENSE file for details.

Dependencies

~2.7–9.5MB
~214K SLoC