#memory #executable #unix #windows

no-std vonneumann

executable memory for windows and unix

3 stable releases

1.0.2 Jan 29, 2024
1.0.1 Jan 27, 2024

#102 in Memory management

MIT license

14KB
196 lines

Von Neumann

executable memory for windows and unix ("von Neumann architecture")

example

use vonneumann::ExecutableMemory;

fn main() {
    let mut memory = ExecutableMemory::new(6);

    // https://www.felixcloutier.com/x86/
    memory[0] = 0xb8;
    memory[1] = 0xff;
    memory[2] = 0xff;
    memory[3] = 0xff;
    memory[4] = 0xff;
    memory[5] = 0xc3;

    let f: fn() -> u32 = unsafe {
        std::mem::transmute((&memory[0..6]).as_ptr())
    };

    assert_eq!(f(), 4294967295);
}

comparison with other executable-memory crates

jit-allocator

this crate maps pages as RWX. this is somewhat insecure and makes it easier to escalate security vulns. jit-allocator "dual maps" pages as RX and RW, avoiding this issue.

this crate always allocates full pages, which is inefficient for small allocations, and slow if you allocate frequently. jit-allocator can return byte-level allocations instead.

this crate supports the Allocator API when --features nightly is enabled. as a result, it can be used with Vec, and using it requires less unsafe (basically just the transmute to turn the data into a function pointer). jit-allocator inherently cannot do this because it uses dual-mapping.

memfd-exec

memfd-exec serves a different purpose altogether: it executes whole processes. this crate is for executing individual functions that share your process state.

"just handrolling it with mmap lol"

this crate automatically unmaps the memory for you on drop, and supports windows as well as unix. unlike memmap2 you can have the memory be executable and writable at the same time :ferrisClueless:

faq

is anyone actually using this?

yes! https://github.com/chellipse/bf-jit

does this work on macOS?

yes!

even with runtime hardening?

no???? the man page literally says "MAP_JIT regions are never writeable and executable simultaneously" lol

if someone wants this i can imagine an api that forces you to call make_mut and make_exec separately though. i am not doing dual-mapping. no.

does it work on aarch64?

probably but i haven't tested 🤪

can i use this in prod?

lol please do i want to watch your code burn

as a reminder THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED

Dependencies

~215KB