|0.1.1||Oct 24, 2021|
|0.1.0||Oct 24, 2021|
#222 in Internationalization (i18n)
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Used in aconv
This is a transcoding library. Transcoding here means converting text encoding to another.
There are two excellent crates
chardetng is created for encoding detection and
encoding_rs can be used for transcoding.
This library aims to transcode the easy and efficient way by combining these two crates.
Note: Supported encodings are the ones defined in the Encoding Standard.
Note: UTF-16 files are needed to have a BOM to be detected as the encoding.
This is because
chardetng, on which this library depends, does not support UTF-16 and this library only added BOM sniffing to detect UTF-16.
See the document.
How encoding detection works.
Since texts are internally just byte sequences, there is no way to detect the right encoding with 100% accuracy.
So we need to guess the right encoding somehow.
The below is the flow we roughly follow.
- Do BOM sniffing to detect UTF-16.
If a BOM is found, skip guessing the encoding.
- Guess the encoding using
- Decode texts using
- Check the decoded texts if there are non-text characters, which are described below.
If non-text characters do not exceed the threshold, output the decoded texts.
Otherwise, emit an error message and output the input texts as it is.
Characters that are treated as non-text in this library are the same ones in the
file command, plus the REPLACEMENT CHARACTER.
Namely, U+0000 ~ U+0006, U+000e ~ U+001a, U+001c ~ U+001f, U+007f, and U+FFFD are treated as the non-text characters.
Licensed under either of
- Apache License, Version 2.0 (LICENSE-APACHE or http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0)
- MIT license (LICENSE-MIT or http://opensource.org/licenses/MIT)
at your option.
Unless you explicitly state otherwise, any contribution intentionally submitted for inclusion in the work by you, as defined in the Apache-2.0 license, shall be dual licensed as above, without any additional terms or conditions.