11 releases (5 breaking)

✓ Uses Rust 2018 edition

0.10.0 Jun 28, 2020
0.9.3 Jun 27, 2020
0.8.0 Jun 24, 2020
0.7.1 Jun 21, 2020
0.5.1 Jun 20, 2020

#8 in Database implementations

49 downloads per month

MIT license

95KB
2.5K SLoC

Build Status tinkv License: MIT OR Apache-2.0

TinKV Logo

TinKV is a simple and fast key-value storage engine written in Rust. Inspired by basho/bitcask, written after attending the Talent Plan courses.

Notes:

  • Do not use it in production.
  • Operations like set/remove/compact are not thread-safe currently.

Happy hacking~

Overview.jpg

Engine.jpg

Features

  • Embeddable (use tinkv as a library);
  • Builtin CLI (tinkv);
  • Builtin Redis compatible server;
  • Predictable read/write performance.

Usage

As a library

$ cargo add tinkv

Full example usage can be found in examples/basic.rs.

use tinkv::{self, Store};

fn main() -> tinkv::Result<()> {
    pretty_env_logger::init();
    let mut store = Store::open("/path/to/tinkv")?;
    store.set("hello".as_bytes(), "tinkv".as_bytes())?;

    let value = store.get("hello".as_bytes())?;
    assert_eq!(value, Some("tinkv".as_bytes().to_vec()));

    store.remove("hello".as_bytes())?;

    let value_not_found = store.get("hello".as_bytes())?;
    assert_eq!(value_not_found, None);

    Ok(())
}

Open with custom options

use tinkv::{self, Store};

fn main() -> tinkv::Result<()> {
    let mut store = tinkv::OpenOptions::new()
        .max_data_file_size(1024 * 1024)
        .max_key_size(128)
        .max_value_size(128)
        .sync(true)
        .open(".tinkv")?;
    store.set("hello".as_bytes(), "world".as_bytes())?;
    Ok(())
}

APIs

Public APIs of tinkv store are very easy to use: | API | Description | |--------------------------|---------------------------------------------------------------| |Store::open(path) | Open a new or existing datastore. The directory must be writeable and readable for tinkv store.| |tinkv::OpenOptions() | Open a new or existing datastore with custom options. | |store.get(key) | Get value by key from datastore.| |store.set(key, value) | Store a key value pair into datastore.| |store.remove(key, value)| Remove a key from datastore.| |store.compact() | Merge data files into a more compact form. drop stale segments to release disk space. Produce hint files after compaction for faster startup.| |store.keys() | Return all the keys in database.| |store.len() | Return total number of keys in database.| |store.for_each(f: Fn(key, value) -> Result) | Iterate all keys in database and call functionf for each entry.| |store.stas() | Get current statistics of database.| |store.sync() | Force any writes to datastore.| |store.close()` | Close datastore, sync all pending writes to disk.|

Run examples

$ RUST_LOG=trace cargo run --example basic

RUST_LOG level can be one of [trace, debug, info, error].

CLICK HERE | Example output.
$ RUST_LOG=info cargo run --example basic

 2020-06-18T10:20:03.497Z INFO  tinkv::store > open store path: .tinkv
 2020-06-18T10:20:04.853Z INFO  tinkv::store > build keydir done, got 100001 keys. current stats: Stats { size_of_stale_entries: 0, total_stale_entries: 0, total_active_entries: 100001, total_data_files: 1, size_of_all_data_files: 10578168 }
200000 keys written in 9.98773 secs, 20024.57 keys/s
initial: Stats { size_of_stale_entries: 21155900, total_stale_entries: 200000, total_active_entries: 100001, total_data_files: 2, size_of_all_data_files: 31733728 }
key_1 => "value_1_1592475604853568000_hello_world"
after set 1: Stats { size_of_stale_entries: 21155900, total_stale_entries: 200000, total_active_entries: 100002, total_data_files: 2, size_of_all_data_files: 31733774 }
after set 2: Stats { size_of_stale_entries: 21155946, total_stale_entries: 200001, total_active_entries: 100002, total_data_files: 2, size_of_all_data_files: 31733822 }
after set 3: Stats { size_of_stale_entries: 21155994, total_stale_entries: 200002, total_active_entries: 100002, total_data_files: 2, size_of_all_data_files: 31733870 }
after remove: Stats { size_of_stale_entries: 21156107, total_stale_entries: 200003, total_active_entries: 100001, total_data_files: 2, size_of_all_data_files: 31733935 }
 2020-06-18T10:20:14.841Z INFO  tinkv::store > compact 2 data files
after compaction: Stats { size_of_stale_entries: 0, total_stale_entries: 0, total_active_entries: 100001, total_data_files: 2, size_of_all_data_files: 10577828 }
key_1 => "value_1_1592475604853568000_hello_world"

CLI

Install tinkv executable binaries.

$ cargo install tinkv
$ tinkv --help
...
USAGE:
    tinkv [FLAGS] <path> <SUBCOMMAND>

FLAGS:
    -h, --help       Prints help information
    -q, --quiet      Pass many times for less log output
    -V, --version    Prints version information
    -v, --verbose    Pass many times for more log output

ARGS:
    <path>    Path to tinkv datastore

SUBCOMMANDS:
    compact    Compact data files in datastore and reclaim disk space
    del        Delete a key value pair from datastore
    get        Retrive value of a key, and display the value
    help       Prints this message or the help of the given subcommand(s)
    keys       List all keys in datastore
    scan       Perform a prefix scanning for keys
    set        Store a key value pair into datastore
    stats      Display statistics of the datastore

Example usages:

$ tinkv /tmp/db set hello world
$ tinkv /tmp/db get hello
world

# Change verbosity level (info).
$ tinkv /tmp/db -vvv compact
2020-06-20T10:32:45.582Z INFO  tinkv::store > open store path: tmp/db
2020-06-20T10:32:45.582Z INFO  tinkv::store > build keydir from data file /tmp/db/000000000001.tinkv.data
2020-06-20T10:32:45.583Z INFO  tinkv::store > build keydir from data file /tmp/db/000000000002.tinkv.data
2020-06-20T10:32:45.583Z INFO  tinkv::store > build keydir done, got 1 keys. current stats: Stats { size_of_stale_entries:0, total_stale_entries: 0, total_active_entries: 1,total_data_files: 2, size_of_all_data_files: 60 }
2020-06-20T10:32:45.583Z INFO  tinkv::store > there are 3 datafiles need to be compacted

Client & Server

tinkv-server is a redis-compatible key/value store server. However, not all the redis commmands are supported. The available commands are:

  • get <key>
  • mget <key> [<key>...]
  • set <key> <value>
  • mset <key> <value> [<key> <value>]
  • del <key>
  • keys <pattern>
  • ping [<message>]
  • exists <key>
  • info [<section>]
  • command
  • dbsize
  • compact: extended command to trigger a compaction manually.

Key/value pairs are persisted in log files under directory /urs/local/var/tinkv. The default listening address of server is 127.0.0.1:7379, and you can connect to it with a redis client.

Quick Start

It's very easy to install tinkv-server:

$ cargo install tinkv

Start server with default config (set log level to info mode):

$ tinkv-server -vv
2020-06-24T13:46:49.341Z INFO  tinkv::store > open store path: /usr/local/var/tinkv
2020-06-24T13:46:49.343Z INFO  tinkv::store > build keydir from data file /usr/local/var/tinkv/000000000001.tinkv.data
2020-06-24T13:46:49.343Z INFO  tinkv::store > build keydir from data file /usr/local/var/tinkv/000000000002.tinkv.data
2020-06-24T13:46:49.343Z INFO  tinkv::store > build keydir done, got 0 keys. current stats: Stats { size_of_stale_entries: 0,total_stale_entries: 0, total_active_entries: 0, total_data_files: 2, size_of_all_data_files: 0 }
2020-06-24T13:46:49.343Z INFO  tinkv::server > TinKV server is listening at '127.0.0.1:7379'

Communicate with tinkv-server by using reids-cli:

CLICK HERE
$ redis-cli -p 7379
127.0.0.1:7379> ping
PONG
127.0.0.1:7379> ping "hello, tinkv"
"hello, tinkv"
127.0.0.1:7379> set name tinkv
OK
127.0.0.1:7379> exists name
(integer) 1
127.0.0.1:7379> get name tinkv
(error) ERR wrong number of arguments for 'get' command
127.0.0.1:7379> get name
"tinkv"
127.0.0.1:7379> command
1) "ping"
2) "get"
3) "set"
4) "del"
5) "dbsize"
6) "exists"
7) "compact"
8) "info"
9) "command"
...and more
127.0.0.1:7379> info
# Server
tinkv_version: 0.9.0
os: Mac OS, 10.15.4, 64-bit

# Stats
size_of_stale_entries: 143
size_of_stale_entries_human: 143 B
total_stale_entries: 3
total_active_entries: 1109
total_data_files: 5
size_of_all_data_files: 46813
size_of_all_data_files_human: 46.81 KB
127.0.0.1:7379> notfound
(error) ERR unknown command `notfound`
127.0.0.1:7379>

About Compaction

Compation process will be triggered if size_of_stale_entries >= config::COMPACTION_THRESHOLD after each call of set/remove. Compaction steps are very simple and easy to understand:

  1. Freeze current active segment, and switch to another one.
  2. Create a compaction segment file, then iterate all the entries in keydir (in-memory hash table), copy related data entries into compaction file and update keydir.
  3. Remove all the stale segment files.

Hint files (for fast startup) of corresponding data files will be generated after each compaction.

You can call store.compact() method to trigger compaction process if nessesary.

use tinkv::{self, Store};

fn main() -> tinkv::Result<()> {
    pretty_env_logger::init();
    let mut store = Store::open("/path/to/tinkv")?;
    store.compact()?;

    Ok(())
}

Structure of Data Directory

.tinkv
├── 000000000001.tinkv.hint -- related index/hint file, for fast startup
├── 000000000001.tinkv.data -- immutable data file
└── 000000000002.tinkv.data -- active data file

Refs

Projects

I'm not familiar with erlang, but I found some implementations in other languages worth learning.

  1. Go: prologic/bitcask
  2. Go: prologic/bitraft
  3. Python: turicas/pybitcask
  4. Rust: dragonquest/bitcask

Found another simple key-value database based on Bitcask model, please refer xujiajun/nutsdb.

Articles and more

License

Licensed under the MIT license.

Dependencies

~3.5–5MB
~102K SLoC