#rpc #networking #protcol


Network multiplexing and framing RPC protocol

2 releases

Uses new Rust 2021

0.0.2 Apr 21, 2022
0.0.1 Oct 30, 2021

#605 in Network programming

MIT license

2.5K SLoC

build status License: MIT crate documentation


TChannel is a network multiplexing and framing RPC protocol created by Uber (protocol specs).


Features of TChannel protocol implemented so far:

  • A request/response model,
  • Multiplexing multiple requests across the same TCP socket,
  • Out-of-order responses,
  • Streaming requests and responses,
  • Checksums of frame args (only None),
  • Transport of arbitrary payloads:
    • Thrift
    • SThrift (streaming Thrift)
    • JSON
    • HTTP
    • Raw
  • Routing mesh
  • Tracing

Other TODOs:

  • Request response TTL
  • Cancel request
  • Claim requests
  • Use Tower?
  • Implement Serde Serialize/Deserialize for Message types
  • Convert Thrift related Makefile to build.rs when implementing Thrift payloads
  • Proper tests (right now only few happy paths)
  • Make request handlers generic (no associated types)

The goal of the project is to provide a similar API to Java TChannel implementation which is why both connection pools and server task handler are hidden from user.


It is an unofficial implementation of TChannel protocol. The project is used to learn Rust and it still has some missing features, so it will not go out of 0.0.x before implementing them and a proper testing. Future 0.0.x releases may include API breaking changes.


use tchannel_rs::{Config, TChannel, TResult};
use tchannel_rs::handler::{HandlerResult, RequestHandler};
use tchannel_rs::messages::{MessageChannel, RawMessage};

async fn main() -> TResult<()> {
    // Server
    let mut tserver = TChannel::new(Config::default())?;
    let subchannel = tserver.subchannel("service").await?;
    subchannel.register("endpoint", Handler {}).await?;

    // Client
    let tclient = TChannel::new(Config::default())?;
    let subchannel = tclient.subchannel("service").await?;
    let request = RawMessage::new("endpoint".into(), "header".into(), "req body".into());
    let response = subchannel.send(request, "").await.unwrap();

    // Server shutdown

    assert_eq!("header", response.header());
    assert_eq!("res body".as_bytes(), response.body().as_ref());

struct Handler {}
impl RequestHandler for Handler {
    type REQ = RawMessage;
    type RES = RawMessage;
    fn handle(&mut self, request: Self::REQ) -> HandlerResult<Self::RES> {
        Ok(RawMessage::new(request.endpoint().clone(), request.header().clone(), "res body".into()))

To run above example following dependencies are required:

tchannel_rs = *
tokio =  { version = "^1", features = ["macros"] }
env_logger = "^0" # log impl to print tchannel_rs logs


Examples Subproject

Sample server:

RUST_LOG=DEBUG cargo run --example server

Sample client:

RUST_LOG=DEBUG cargo run --example client

Sample tchannel-java server (to check Rust client compatibility):

# with local Maven/JDK
mvn -f examples-jvm-server package exec:exec -Pserver
# or with Docker
docker-compose --project-directory examples-jvm-server up
# or with Podman (no podman-compose because of network issues)
podman build --file examples-jvm-server/Dockerfile
podman run -p 8888:8888 localhost/examples-jvm-server_tchannel-jvm-server

Update of README.md

cargo install cargo-readme
cargo readme > README.md

License: MIT


~184K SLoC