#sum #dynamic-programming #subset #target #problem #accounting #integer

bin+lib subset_sum

Solves subset sum problem and returns a set of decomposed integers. It also can match corresponding numbers from two vectors and be used for Account reconciliation.

44 releases

0.22.3 Oct 24, 2023
0.22.2 Jun 8, 2023
0.22.1 May 9, 2022
0.19.0 Mar 31, 2022

#163 in Algorithms

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MIT license

1.5MB
1.5K SLoC

Rust 1K SLoC // 0.0% comments JSX 124 SLoC Jupyter Notebooks 96 SLoC // 0.0% comments Python 40 SLoC JavaScript 34 SLoC

Subset Sum(dpss)

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This is a Rust implementation that calculates subset sum problem using dynamic programming. It solves subset sum problem and returns a set of decomposed integers. It also can match corresponding numbers from two vectors and be used for Account reconciliation.

Any feedback is welcome!

There are four ways to use this program.

And it has two methods.

  • find_subset
    • It finds a subset from an array.
  • Sequence Matcher
    • It finds subset sum relationships with two arrays. Solving multiple subset sub problem.

dpss is short for dynamic programming subset sum.

Name URL
github https://github.com/europeanplaice/subset_sum
crates.io https://crates.io/crates/subset_sum
docs.rs https://docs.rs/subset_sum/latest/dpss/
pypi https://pypi.org/project/dpss/
Website https://europeanplaice.github.io/subset_sum/

CLI

Installation

Binary files are provided on the Releases page. When you download one of these, please add it to your PATH manually.

Usage

Subset sum

First, you need to prepare a text file containing a set of integers like this

1
2
-3
4
5

and save it at any place.

Second, call subset_sum with the path of the text file and the target sum.

Example

Call subset_sum.exe num_set.txt 3 3
The executable's name subset_sum.exe would be different from your choice. Change this example along with your environment. The second argument is the target sum. The third argument is the maximum length of the combination.

In this example, the output is
[[2, 1], [4, -3, 2], [5, -3, 1]]

Sequence Matcher

arr1.txt

1980
2980
3500
4000
1050

arr2.txt

1950
2900
30
80
3300
200
3980
1050
20

Call subset_sum.exe arr1.txt arr2.txt 100 100 10 false false

Synopsis:

[executable] [keys text file path] [targets text file path] [max key length] [max target length] [the maximum number of answers] [boolean to use all keys] [boolean to use all targets]
  • max_key_length is used to restrict the number of values in keys chosen.
  • If max_key_length is 3, an answer's length is at most 3, such as [1980 + 2980 + 3500], [1050]
  • max_target_length is the same as max_key_length for targets.
  • the maximum number of answers specifies the maximum number of patterns.
  • If use_all_keys is true, an answer must contain all the elements of the keys.
  • If use_all_targets is true, an answer must contain all the elements of the targets.
  • When both use_all_keys and use_all_targets are true, the sum of the keys and the targets must be the same.

In this example, the output is

pattern 1  => [(Sum(1050) -> keys:[1050] == targets:[1050])],
               keys remainder    : 1980, 2980, 3500, 4000
               targets remainder : 20, 30, 80, 200, 1950, 2900, 3300, 3980

pattern 2  => [(Sum(1050) -> keys:[1050] == targets:[1050])
               (Sum(12460) -> keys:[1980 + 2980 + 3500 + 4000] == targets:[20 + 30 + 80 + 200 + 1950 + 2900 + 3300 + 3980])],
               keys remainder    :
               targets remainder :

pattern 3  => [(Sum(3030) -> keys:[1050 + 1980] == targets:[30 + 1050 + 1950])],
               keys remainder    : 2980, 3500, 4000
               targets remainder : 20, 80, 200, 2900, 3300, 3980

pattern 4  => [(Sum(3030) -> keys:[1050 + 1980] == targets:[30 + 1050 + 1950])
               (Sum(10480) -> keys:[2980 + 3500 + 4000] == targets:[20 + 80 + 200 + 2900 + 3300 + 3980])],
               keys remainder    :
               targets remainder :

pattern 5  => [(Sum(13510) -> keys:[1050 + 1980 + 2980 + 3500 + 4000] == targets:[20 + 30 + 80 + 200 + 1050 + 1950 + 2900 + 3300 + 3980])],      
               keys remainder    :
               targets remainder :

pattern 6  => [(Sum(1980) -> keys:[1980] == targets:[30 + 1950])],
               keys remainder    : 1050, 2980, 3500, 4000
               targets remainder : 20, 80, 200, 1050, 2900, 3300, 3980

pattern 7  => [(Sum(2980) -> keys:[2980] == targets:[80 + 2900])],
               keys remainder    : 1050, 1980, 3500, 4000
               targets remainder : 20, 30, 200, 1050, 1950, 3300, 3980

pattern 8  => [(Sum(2980) -> keys:[2980] == targets:[80 + 2900])
               (Sum(10530) -> keys:[1050 + 1980 + 3500 + 4000] == targets:[20 + 30 + 200 + 1050 + 1950 + 3300 + 3980])],
               keys remainder    :
               targets remainder :

pattern 9  => [(Sum(3500) -> keys:[3500] == targets:[200 + 3300])],
               keys remainder    : 1050, 1980, 2980, 4000
               targets remainder : 20, 30, 80, 1050, 1950, 2900, 3980

pattern 10 => [(Sum(3500) -> keys:[3500] == targets:[200 + 3300])
               (Sum(10010) -> keys:[1050 + 1980 + 2980 + 4000] == targets:[20 + 30 + 80 + 1050 + 1950 + 2900 + 3980])],
               keys remainder    :
               targets remainder :

Use in Python

installation

pip install dpss

Usage

find_subset

import inspect
import dpss
help(dpss.find_subset)
>>> find_subset(arr, value, max_length, /)
>>>     Finds subsets sum of a target value. It can accept negative values.
>>>     # Arguments
>>>     * `arr` - An array.
>>>     * `value` - The value to the sum of the subset comes.
>>>     * `max_length` - The maximum length of combinations of the answer.
print(dpss.find_subset([1, -2, 3, 4, 5], 2, 3))
>>> [[4, -2], [3, -2, 1]]

sequence_matcher

help(dpss.sequence_matcher)
>>> sequence_matcher(keys, targets, max_key_length, max_target_length /)
>>>     Finds the integers from two vectors that sum to the same value.
>>>     This method assumes that the two vectors have Many-to-Many relationships.
>>>     Each integer of the `keys` vector corresponds to the multiple integers of the `targets` vector.
>>>     With this method, we can find some combinations of the integers.
>>>
>>>     To avoid combinatorial explosion, some parameters need to be set.
>>>     `max_key_length` is used to restrict the number of values in keys chosen.
>>>     If `max_key_length` is 3, an answer's length is at most 3, such as `[1980 + 2980 + 3500], [1050]`
>>>     `max_target_length` is the same as `max_key_length` for targets.
>>>     `n_candidates` specifies the maximum number of patterns.
>>>     If `use_all_keys` is true, an answer must contain all the elements of the keys.
>>>     If `use_all_targets` is true, an answer must contain all the elements of the targets.
>>>     When both `use_all_keys` and `use_all_targets` are true, the sum of the keys and the targets must be the same.
>>>
>>>     # Arguments
>>>     * `keys` - An array.
>>>     * `targets` - An array.
>>>     * `max_key_length` - An integer.
>>>     * `max_target_length` - An integer.
>>>     * `n_candidates` - An integer.
>>>     * `use_all_keys` - Boolean.
>>>     * `use_all_targets` - Boolean.
a = dpss.sequence_matcher(
        [1980, 2980, 3500, 4000, 1050],
        [1950, 2900, 30, 80, 3300, 200, 3980, 1050, 20], 10, 10, 10, True, True)
print(dpss.sequence_matcher_formatter(a))
pattern 1  => [(Sum(1050) -> keys:[1050] == targets:[1050])
               (Sum(12460) -> keys:[1980 + 2980 + 3500 + 4000] == targets:[20 + 30 + 80 + 200 + 1950 + 2900 + 3300 + 3980])],
               keys remainder    : 
               targets remainder : 

pattern 2  => [(Sum(3030) -> keys:[1050 + 1980] == targets:[20 + 30 + 80 + 2900])
               (Sum(10480) -> keys:[2980 + 3500 + 4000] == targets:[200 + 1050 + 1950 + 3300 + 3980])],
               keys remainder    : 
               targets remainder : 

pattern 3  => [(Sum(3030) -> keys:[1050 + 1980] == targets:[30 + 1050 + 1950])
               (Sum(10480) -> keys:[2980 + 3500 + 4000] == targets:[20 + 80 + 200 + 2900 + 3300 + 3980])],
               keys remainder    : 
               targets remainder : 

pattern 4  => [(Sum(13510) -> keys:[1050 + 1980 + 2980 + 3500 + 4000] == targets:[20 + 30 + 80 + 200 + 1050 + 1950 + 2900 + 3300 + 3980])],
               keys remainder    : 
               targets remainder : 

pattern 5  => [(Sum(4030) -> keys:[1050 + 2980] == targets:[80 + 1050 + 2900])
               (Sum(9480) -> keys:[1980 + 3500 + 4000] == targets:[20 + 30 + 200 + 1950 + 3300 + 3980])],
               keys remainder    : 
               targets remainder : 

pattern 6  => [(Sum(1980) -> keys:[1980] == targets:[30 + 1950])
               (Sum(11530) -> keys:[1050 + 2980 + 3500 + 4000] == targets:[20 + 80 + 200 + 1050 + 2900 + 3300 + 3980])],
               keys remainder    : 
               targets remainder : 

pattern 7  => [(Sum(2980) -> keys:[2980] == targets:[80 + 2900])
               (Sum(10530) -> keys:[1050 + 1980 + 3500 + 4000] == targets:[20 + 30 + 200 + 1050 + 1950 + 3300 + 3980])],
               keys remainder    : 
               targets remainder : 

pattern 8  => [(Sum(3500) -> keys:[3500] == targets:[200 + 3300])
               (Sum(10010) -> keys:[1050 + 1980 + 2980 + 4000] == targets:[20 + 30 + 80 + 1050 + 1950 + 2900 + 3980])],
               keys remainder    : 
               targets remainder : 

pattern 9  => [(Sum(4000) -> keys:[4000] == targets:[20 + 30 + 1050 + 2900])
               (Sum(9510) -> keys:[1050 + 1980 + 2980 + 3500] == targets:[80 + 200 + 1950 + 3300 + 3980])],
               keys remainder    : 
               targets remainder : 

pattern 10 => [(Sum(4000) -> keys:[4000] == targets:[20 + 3980])
               (Sum(9510) -> keys:[1050 + 1980 + 2980 + 3500] == targets:[30 + 80 + 200 + 1050 + 1950 + 2900 + 3300])],
               keys remainder    : 
               targets remainder : 

Use in Rust

Please check https://crates.io/crates/subset_sum.

Cargo.toml

[dependencies]
dpss = { version = "(version)", package = "subset_sum" }

Find subset

main.rs

use dpss::dp::find_subset;

fn main() {
    let result = find_subset(vec![1, 2, 3, 4, 5], 6, 3);
    println!("{:?}", result);
}

Output

[[3, 2, 1], [4, 2], [5, 1]]

Sequence Matcher

main.rs

use dpss::dp::sequence_matcher;
use dpss::dp::sequence_matcher_formatter;

fn main() {
    let result = sequence_matcher(&mut vec![1980, 2980, 3500, 4000, 1050], &mut vec![1950, 2900, 30, 80, 3300, 200, 3980, 1050, 20], 10, 10, 10, true, true);
    println!("{}", sequence_matcher_formatter(result));
}

Output

pattern 1  => [(Sum(1050) -> keys:[1050] == targets:[1050])
               (Sum(12460) -> keys:[1980 + 2980 + 3500 + 4000] == targets:[20 + 30 + 80 + 200 + 1950 + 2900 + 3300 + 3980])],
               keys remainder    : 
               targets remainder : 

pattern 2  => [(Sum(3030) -> keys:[1050 + 1980] == targets:[20 + 30 + 80 + 2900])
               (Sum(10480) -> keys:[2980 + 3500 + 4000] == targets:[200 + 1050 + 1950 + 3300 + 3980])],
               keys remainder    : 
               targets remainder : 

pattern 3  => [(Sum(3030) -> keys:[1050 + 1980] == targets:[30 + 1050 + 1950])
               (Sum(10480) -> keys:[2980 + 3500 + 4000] == targets:[20 + 80 + 200 + 2900 + 3300 + 3980])],
               keys remainder    : 
               targets remainder : 

pattern 4  => [(Sum(13510) -> keys:[1050 + 1980 + 2980 + 3500 + 4000] == targets:[20 + 30 + 80 + 200 + 1050 + 1950 + 2900 + 3300 + 3980])],
               keys remainder    : 
               targets remainder : 

pattern 5  => [(Sum(4030) -> keys:[1050 + 2980] == targets:[80 + 1050 + 2900])
               (Sum(9480) -> keys:[1980 + 3500 + 4000] == targets:[20 + 30 + 200 + 1950 + 3300 + 3980])],
               keys remainder    : 
               targets remainder : 

pattern 6  => [(Sum(1980) -> keys:[1980] == targets:[30 + 1950])
               (Sum(11530) -> keys:[1050 + 2980 + 3500 + 4000] == targets:[20 + 80 + 200 + 1050 + 2900 + 3300 + 3980])],
               keys remainder    : 
               targets remainder : 

pattern 7  => [(Sum(2980) -> keys:[2980] == targets:[80 + 2900])
               (Sum(10530) -> keys:[1050 + 1980 + 3500 + 4000] == targets:[20 + 30 + 200 + 1050 + 1950 + 3300 + 3980])],
               keys remainder    : 
               targets remainder : 

pattern 8  => [(Sum(3500) -> keys:[3500] == targets:[200 + 3300])
               (Sum(10010) -> keys:[1050 + 1980 + 2980 + 4000] == targets:[20 + 30 + 80 + 1050 + 1950 + 2900 + 3980])],
               keys remainder    : 
               targets remainder : 

pattern 9  => [(Sum(4000) -> keys:[4000] == targets:[20 + 30 + 1050 + 2900])
               (Sum(9510) -> keys:[1050 + 1980 + 2980 + 3500] == targets:[80 + 200 + 1950 + 3300 + 3980])],
               keys remainder    : 
               targets remainder : 

pattern 10 => [(Sum(4000) -> keys:[4000] == targets:[20 + 3980])
               (Sum(9510) -> keys:[1050 + 1980 + 2980 + 3500] == targets:[30 + 80 + 200 + 1050 + 1950 + 2900 + 3300])],
               keys remainder    : 
               targets remainder : 

Dependencies

~2.6–9.5MB
~82K SLoC