#delta-compression #difference


zero-dependency crate for generating and applying partial diffs between struct instances

14 releases

0.5.9 Oct 30, 2023
0.5.7 May 11, 2023
0.5.5 Mar 9, 2023
0.5.0 Dec 10, 2022
0.4.1 Nov 13, 2022

#79 in Compression

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Apache-2.0 OR MIT



A lightweight, zero-dependency struct diffing library which allows changed fields to be collected and applied. Derive Difference on a struct, then use the StructDiff trait to make and apply diffs. Supports optional serialization of the generated diff types with serde or nanoserde for ease of use.



use structdiff::{Difference, StructDiff};

#[derive(Debug, PartialEq, Clone, Difference)]
struct Example {
    field1: f64,
    field2: Vec<i32>,
    field3: BTreeSet<usize>,

let first = Example {
    field1: 0.0,
    field2: vec![],
    field3: vec![1, 2, 3].into_iter().collect(),

let second = Example {
    field1: 3.14,
    field2: vec![1],
    field3: vec![2, 3, 4].into_iter().collect(),

let diffs = first.diff(&second);
// diffs is now a Vec of differences between the two instances, 
// with length equal to number of changed/unskipped fields
assert_eq!(diffs.len(), 2);

let diffed = first.apply(diffs);
// diffed is now equal to second, except for skipped field
assert_eq!(diffed.field1, second.field1);
assert_eq!(&diffed.field3, &second.field3);
assert_ne!(diffed, second);

For more examples take a look at integration tests

Derive macro attributes

  • #[difference(skip)] - Do not consider this field when creating a diff
  • #[difference(recurse)] - Generate a StructDiff for this field when creating a diff
  • #[difference(collection_strategy = {})]
    • "unordered_array_like" - Generates a changeset for array-like collections of items which implement Hash + Eq, rather than cloning the entire list. (currently works for Vec, BTreeSet, LinkedList, and HashSet)
    • "unordered_map_like" - Generates a changeset for map-like collections for which the key implements Hash + Eq, rather than cloning the entire map. (currently works for HashMap and BTreeMap)
  • #[difference(map_equality = {})] - Used with unordered_map_like, specifies whether the equality check should consider keys only, or both keys and values
    • "key_only" - only replace a key-value pair for which the key has changed
    • "key_and_value" - replace a key-value pair if either the key or value has changed
  • #[difference(setters)] - Generate setters for all fields in the struct (used on struct)
    • Example: for the field1 of the Example struct used above, a function with the signature set_field1_with_diff(&mut self, value: Option<usize>) -> Option<<Self as StructDiff>::Diff> will be generated. Useful when a single field will be changed in a struct with many fields, as it saves the comparison of all other fields.
  • #[difference(setter)] - Generate setters for this struct field (used on field)
  • #[difference(setter_name = {})] - Use this name instead of the default value when generating a setter for this field (used on field)

Optional features

  • [nanoserde, serde] - Serialization of Difference derived associated types. Allows diffs to easily be sent over network.
  • debug_diffs - Derive Debug on the generated diff type
  • generated_setters - Enable generation of setters for struct fields. These setters automatically return a diff if a field's value is changed by the assignment.

Development status

This is being used actively for my own projects, although it's mostly working now. PRs will be accepted for either more tests or functionality.