#stream #text #parallel #cli

bin+lib slb

Sharded load balancing text-streaming Unix tool

9 releases

0.3.1 Jul 18, 2021
0.3.0 Jul 17, 2021
0.2.4 Jul 17, 2021
0.2.3 Jun 29, 2021
0.1.1 Jun 20, 2021

#79 in Concurrency

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slb: sharded load balancer

Like parallel --pipe --roundrobin but load balancing is performed based on input line hashing. When performing keyed aggregations in child processes this is crucial since then only one shard contains a given key. Here's a word count example on a 16-physical-cpu machine:

curl -o enwik9.bz2 https://cs.fit.edu/~mmahoney/compression/enwik9.bz2
bunzip2 enwik9.bz2
examples/clean.sh < enwik9 > enwik9.clean ; rm enwik9

/usr/bin/time -f "%e sec" awk -f examples/wc.awk enwik9.clean > wikawk.txt
# 203.97 sec

/usr/bin/time -f "%e sec" slb \
  --mapper 'tr " " "\n" | rg -v "^$"' \
  --folder "awk '{a[\$0]++}END{for(k in a)print k,a[k]}'" \
  --infile enwik9.clean \
  --outprefix wikslb.
# 6.20 sec

diff <(sort wikawk.txt) <(cat wikslb.* | sort) ; echo $?
# 0

This demonstrates a "flatmap-fold" paradigm over the typical "map-reduce" one.

Each line

a    b c d -> flatmapper 1
f g   a b -> flatmapper 2

is handed off to an independent flat mapper tr " " "\n" | rg -v "^$" which puts a word on each line

flatmapper 1 ->
a
b
c
d

flatmapper 2 ->
f
g
a
b

whose outputs are then inspected line-by-line. The first word of each line is hashed (in this case, the entire line). Assuming hash(a) == hash(b) == 1 and hash(c) == hash(d) == hash(g) == hash(f) == 0 we'll input the corresponding keys from each flatmapper into a couple awk '{a[$0]++}END{for(k in a)print k,a[k]}' folders. And the outputs are then written to output files.

a b a b -> awk 1 -> {a: 2, b: 2} -> outprefix1
f g c d -> awk 0 -> {f: 1, g: 1, c: 1, d: 1} -> outprefix0

Feature Frequency Calculation

Here's an example of counting the frequency of features in sparse SVMlight format of a large dataset, benchmarked on the large KDD12 dataset on a 16-physical-cpu machine (assumes ripgrep, GNU Parallel are installed).

echo 'will cite' | parallel --citation 1>/dev/null 2>/dev/null
curl -o kdd12.tr.bz2 "https://www.csie.ntu.edu.tw/~cjlin/libsvmtools/datasets/binary/kdd12.tr.bz2"
bunzip2 kdd12.tr.bz2
du -hs kdd12.tr 
# 17G     kdd12.tr
parallel --pipepart -a kdd12.tr wc -l | awk '{a+=$0}END{print a}'
# num rows: 119705032
parallel --pipepart -a kdd12.tr wc -w | awk '{a+=$0}END{print a}'
# num nnz: 1436460384 - 119705032 = 1316755352

/usr/bin/time -f "%e sec %M KB" awk -f examples/svm-featurecount.awk kdd12.tr > results-awk.txt
# 1032.18 sec 13721032 KB

/usr/bin/time -f "%e sec %M KB" slb \
  --mapper 'sed -E "s/^[^ ]+ //" | sed -E "s/:[^ ]+//g" | tr " " "\n" | rg -v "^$"' \
  --folder "awk '{a[\$0]++}END{for(k in a)print k,a[k]}'" \
  --infile kdd12.tr \
  --outprefix results-slb.
# 122.50 sec 881436 KB
# note above doesn't count child memory
# eyeballing htop, max memory use is ~12.3GB

# check we're correct
cat results-slb.* > results-slb && rm results-slb.*
sort --parallel=$(($(nproc) / 2)) -k2nr -k1n -o results-slb results-slb & \
sort --parallel=$(($(nproc) / 2)) -k2nr -k1n -o results-awk.txt results-awk.txt & \
wait

diff results-slb results-awk.txt >/dev/null ; echo $?
# 0

Count Distinct Feature Values

As another, similar example we could count the number of distinct values for each feature. In particular, for each feature we're looking to get the minimum of its total number of distinct values with 100 (as we might be inclined to consider anything with more than 99 values to be continuous).

curl -o kdda.bz2 "https://www.csie.ntu.edu.tw/~cjlin/libsvmtools/datasets/binary/kdda.bz2"
bunzip2 kdda.bz2
du -hs kdda
# 2.5G    kdda

/usr/bin/time -f "%e sec %M KB" awk -f examples/svm-countdistinct.awk kdda > cdawk.txt
# 388.72 sec 23895104 KB

/usr/bin/time -f "%e sec %M KB" slb \
  --mapper 'sed -E "s/^[^ ]+ //" | tr " " "\n" | tr ":" " " | rg -v "^$"' \
  --folder "awk '{if(!(\$1 in a)||length(a[\$1])<100)a[\$1][\$2]=1}END{for(k in a)print k,length(a[k])}'" \
  --infile kdda \
  --outprefix cdslb.
# 26.79 sec 1499992 KB

diff \
  <(sort --parallel=$(($(nproc) / 2)) -k2nr -k1n cdawk.txt) \
  <(cat cdslb.* | sort --parallel=$(($(nproc) / 2)) -k2nr -k1n) \
  > /dev/null ; echo $?
# 0

Installation

Note the above examples demonstrate the convenience of the tool:

  • For large datasets, parallelism is essential.
  • Compared to an equivalent map-reduce, we use less memory, less time, and less code.

The last point holds because slb ensures each parallel invocation recieves a unique partition of the key space. In turn, we use less memory because each folder is only tracking aggregates for its own key space and less code because we do not need to write a combiner that merges two maps.

To install locally from crates.io, run

cargo install slb

Dev Stuff

Rudimentary testing via ./test.sh.

Re-publish to crates.io with cd slb && cargo publish.

Dependencies

~2–2.8MB
~49K SLoC