#sgx-sdk #intel-sgx #write #applications #async-await #ability

nightly sgx_core_futures

Rust SGX SDK provides the ability to write Intel SGX applications in Rust Programming Language

1 stable release

1.1.1 Apr 3, 2020

#1814 in Hardware support

Custom license

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Libcore wrapper allowing async/await


Put the following in your Cargo.toml:

core = { package = "sgx_core_futures", git = "https://github.com/apache/teaclave-sgx-sdk.git" }


Currently, async/await is not usable from libcore. Attempting to call .await from a no_std crate will yield the following error:

error[E0433]: failed to resolve: could not find `poll_with_tls_context` in `future`
error[E0433]: failed to resolve: could not find `from_generator` in `future`

This is due to await lowering to some code calling the functions ::core::futures::poll_with_tls_context and ::core::futures::from_generator in order to setup a per-thread context containing the current task. Those functions, however, do not exist. The equivalent functions are defined in libstd. They set up a thread-local variable which contains the current task being executed. When polling a future, this task will get retrieved in order to call the future's poll function.

As mentioned, the libstd version of those functions use a thread-local variable, which is only supported in rust's libstd through the thread_local! macro - which doesn't exist in libcore. There is, however, an alternative: The (unstable) #[thread_local] attribute, which uses ELF TLS. Note that ELF TLS is not portable to all targets - it needs to be supported by the OS, the loader, etc...

Here's a small example of the thread_local attribute in action:

use core::cell::Cell;
static TLS_CX: Cell<i32> = Cell::new(1);

Using this trick, we can copy paste libstd's implementation of the poll_with_tls_context/from_generator functions, but replacing the thread_local! macro with a #[thread_local] macro. Ez pz.

Wrapping libcore

This trick is nice, but compiling a custom libcore is fastidious. Instead, we're going to wrap libcore, exposing our own libcore that just reexports the real libcore's functions, and adding our own extra stuff. This, surprisingly, can be done simply by declaring a core dependency with the package attribute set to our "real" crates.io package name. This will trick cargo into giving rustc our wrapper core as if it was the real libcore.

So that's it. All this crate does is reexport libcore, adding a couple functions in the future module. You just have to use the following in your Cargo.toml in order to use it, and rust will happily use core-futures-tls as if it was the libcore.

core = { package = "sgx_core_futures", git = "https://github.com/apache/teaclave-sgx-sdk.git" }

Closing thoughts

While this crate still uses TLS, it should be possible to create a version that stores the thread local context in a global for single-threaded systems such as microcontrollers. This is left as an exercise to the reader.

No runtime deps