#bob #range #dictionary #fork #ranges #data #key #value #keys #overlapping

segmap

Map and set data structures whose keys are stored as ranges. Contiguous and overlapping ranges that map to the same value are coalesced into a single range. Originated as a fork of Jeff Parsons' "rangemap"

1 unstable release

0.1.0 Jul 26, 2021

#935 in Data structures


Used in from-regex

MIT/Apache

175KB
2.5K SLoC

segmap

segmap exposes SegmentMap, a map data structure whose keys are stored as ranges. Contiguous and overlapping ranges that map to the same value are coalesced into a single range.

A correspoinding SegmentSet structure is also provided.

The Segment<T> Type

SegmentMap supports all types of input range types in the same map and coerces them all to a common range type for internal representation. A Segment<T> is always represented as increasing, so "backwards" ranges will be flipped for insertion.

Most methods on SegmentMap and SegmentSet accept a generic argument for the range, which only needs to implement RangeBounds.

Example: use with Chrono

use chrono::offset::TimeZone;
use chrono::{Duration, Utc};
use segmap::SegmentMap;

let people = ["Alice", "Bob", "Carol"];
let mut roster = SegmentMap::new();

// Set up initial roster.
let start_of_roster = Utc.ymd(2019, 1, 7);
let mut week_start = start_of_roster;
for _ in 0..3 {
    for person in people {
        let next_week = week_start + Duration::weeks(1);
        roster.insert(week_start..next_week, person);
        week_start = next_week;
    }
}

// Bob is covering Alice's second shift (the fourth shift overall).
let fourth_shift_start = start_of_roster + Duration::weeks(3);
let fourth_shift_end = fourth_shift_start + Duration::weeks(1);
roster.insert(fourth_shift_start..fourth_shift_end, "Bob");

// Print out the roster, and observe that
// the fourth and fifth shifts have been coalesced
// into one range.
for (range, &person) in roster.iter() {
    let start = *range.start_value().unwrap();
    let duration = *range.end_value().unwrap() - start;
    println!("{} ({}): {}", start, duration, person);
}

// Output:
// 2019-01-07UTC (P7D): Alice
// 2019-01-14UTC (P7D): Bob
// 2019-01-21UTC (P7D): Carol
// 2019-01-28UTC (P14D): Bob
// 2019-02-11UTC (P7D): Carol
// 2019-02-18UTC (P7D): Alice
// 2019-02-25UTC (P7D): Bob
// 2019-03-04UTC (P7D): Carol

Building without the Rust standard library

This crate can work without the full standard library available (e.g. when running on bare metal without an operating system) but relies on the presence of a global allocator — i.e. it links the core and alloc crates, but not std.

Presently there is no functionality in the crate that require the standard library. Such functionality will likely be introduced in the future, and will be gated behind a default-on std feature.

See The Rust Programming Language book for general information about operating without the standard library.

No runtime deps