#s3 #git-lfs

app rudolfs

A high-performance, caching Git LFS server with an AWS S3 back-end

8 releases

✓ Uses Rust 2018 edition

0.2.6 May 6, 2019
0.2.5 May 3, 2019
0.2.4 Apr 5, 2019
0.2.1 Mar 22, 2019
0.1.0 Mar 13, 2019

#126 in Command line utilities

46 downloads per month

MIT license

121KB
2.5K SLoC

Rudolfs

Build Status Crates.io

A high-performance, caching Git LFS server with an AWS S3 back-end.

Features

  • AWS S3 permanent storage back-end.

  • A configurable local disk cache to speed up downloads (and reduce your S3 bill).

  • Corruption-resilient local disk cache. Even if the disk is getting blasted by cosmic rays, it'll find corrupted LFS objects and purge them from the cache transparently. The client should never notice this happening.

  • Encryption of LFS objects in both the cache and in permanent storage.

  • Separation of GitHub organizations and projects. Just specify the org and project names in the URL and they are automatically created. If two projects share many LFS objects, have them use the same URL to save on storage space.

  • A tiny (<10MB) Docker image (jasonwhite0/rudolfs).

The back-end storage code is very modular and composable. PRs for implementing other storage back-ends are welcome. If you begin working on this, please let us know by submitting an issue.

Non-Features

  • There is no client authentication. This is meant to be run in an internal network with clients you trust, not on the internet with malicious actors.

Running It

Generate an encryption key

All LFS objects are encrypted with the xchacha20 symmetric stream cipher. You must generate a 32-byte encryption key before starting the server.

Generating a random key is easy:

openssl rand -hex 32

Keep this secret and save it in a password manager so you don't lose it. We will pass this to the server below.

Note:

  • If the key ever changes, all existing LFS objects will become garbage. When the Git LFS client attempts to download them, the SHA256 verification step will fail.
  • LFS objects in both the cache and in permanent storage are encrypted. However, objects are decrypted before being sent to the LFS client, so take any necessary precautions to keep your intellectual property safe.

Development

For testing during development, it is easiest to run it with Cargo. Create a file called test.sh (this path is already ignored by .gitignore):

# Your AWS credentials.
export AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID=XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
export AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY=XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
export AWS_DEFAULT_REGION=us-west-1

# Change this to the output of `openssl rand -hex 32`.
KEY=xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

cargo run -- \
  --cache-dir cache \
  --host localhost:8080 \
  --s3-bucket foobar \
  --max-cache-size 10GiB \
  --key $KEY

Note: Always use a different S3 bucket, cache directory, and encryption key than what you use in your production environment.

Production

To run in a production environment, it is easiest to use docker-compose:

  1. Create a .env file next to docker-compose.yml with the configuration variables:

    AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID=XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXQ
    AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY=XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
    AWS_DEFAULT_REGION=us-west-1
    LFS_ENCRYPTION_KEY=xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
    LFS_S3_BUCKET=my-bucket
    LFS_MAX_CACHE_SIZE=10GB
    
  2. Use the provided docker-compose.yml file to run a production environment:

    docker-compose up -d
    
  3. [Optional]: It is best to use nginx as a reverse proxy for this server. Use it to enable TLS. How to configure this is better covered by other tutorials on the internet.

Note:

  • A bigger cache is (almost) always better. Try to use ~85% of the available disk space.
  • The cache data is stored in a Docker volume named rudolfs_data. If you want to delete it, run docker volume rm rudolfs_data.

AWS Credentials

AWS credentials must be provided to the server so that it can make requests to the S3 bucket specified on the command line (with --s3-bucket).

Your AWS credentials will be searched for in the following order:

  1. Environment variables: AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID and AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY
  2. AWS credentials file. Usually located at ~/.aws/credentials.
  3. IAM instance profile. Will only work if running on an EC2 instance with an instance profile/role.

The AWS region is read from the AWS_DEFAULT_REGION or AWS_REGION environment variable. If it is malformed, it will fall back to us-east-1. If it is not present it will fall back on the value associated with the current profile in ~/.aws/config or the file specified by the AWS_CONFIG_FILE environment variable. If that is malformed or absent it will fall back to us-east-1.

Client Configuration

Add .lfsconfig to the root of your Git repository:

[lfs]
url = "http://gitlfs.example.com:8080/api/my-org/my-project"

Optionally, I also recommend changing these global settings to speed things up:

# Increase the number of worker threads
git config --global lfs.concurrenttransfers 64

# Use a global LFS cache to make re-cloning faster
git config --global lfs.storage ~/.cache/lfs

License

MIT License

Thanks

This was developed at Environmental Systems Research Institute (Esri) who have graciously allowed me to retain the copyright and publish it as open source software.

Dependencies

~22MB
~520K SLoC