|1.0.0-rc.2||Dec 3, 2022|
|0.12.0||Jan 27, 2023|
|0.12.0-rc.2||Jan 20, 2023|
#813 in Cryptography
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Used in 6 crates (2 directly)
Zeroio provides utilities to communicate efficiently with the guest.
This is similar to serde's "Serialize" and "Deserialize", but has different design targets:
- Guest runtime performance is paramount.
- It's a significant performance degradation for the guest to have to read a value that's not aligned on a 32-bit boundary.
- Space efficiency is nice, but less important than guest runtime performance.
- We want to conveniently be able to take cryptographic hashes of a structure.
In response, zeroio does these things differently than serde:
- There is only one on-wire format; zeroio does not try to be as featureful as serde.
- Datatypes available are much more limited
- We don't want to spend any cycles deserializing or copying, so we store the data in a format that's easy to access without copying, similarly to the `rkyv' crate.
- In contrast to rkyv, we use slices instead of pointers to refer to available serialized data. This allows us to avoid unsafe code.
- We store all data buffers as [u32] (as opposed to the more common [u8]).
- There is one canonical format; any serialization of the same data will construct the same structure. To take a cryptographic hash, we simply hash the [u32] slice.
- We null-pad all data buffers up to the size of the hash block (with one word remaining) to avoid copying when computing a hash.
Note that for deserializing, while we guarantee sha(a) == sha(b) implies deserialize_from(a) == deserialize_from(b), we do not guarantee the converse, that deserialize_from(a) == deserialize_from(b) implies a == b.