1 stable release

2.0.0 Apr 4, 2021

#60 in #tetcore

21 downloads per month
Used in 8 crates (4 directly)


38K SLoC

Contract Module

The Contract module provides functionality for the runtime to deploy and execute WebAssembly smart-contracts.


This module extends accounts based on the Currency trait to have smart-contract functionality. It can be used with other modules that implement accounts based on Currency. These "smart-contract accounts" have the ability to instantiate smart-contracts and make calls to other contract and non-contract accounts.

The smart-contract code is stored once in a code_cache, and later retrievable via its code_hash. This means that multiple smart-contracts can be instantiated from the same code_cache, without replicating the code each time.

When a smart-contract is called, its associated code is retrieved via the code hash and gets executed. This call can alter the storage entries of the smart-contract account, instantiate new smart-contracts, or call other smart-contracts.

Finally, when an account is reaped, its associated code and storage of the smart-contract account will also be deleted.


Senders must specify a gas limit with every call, as all instructions invoked by the smart-contract require gas. Unused gas is refunded after the call, regardless of the execution outcome.

If the gas limit is reached, then all calls and state changes (including balance transfers) are only reverted at the current call's contract level. For example, if contract A calls B and B runs out of gas mid-call, then all of B's calls are reverted. Assuming correct error handling by contract A, A's other calls and state changes still persist.

Notable Scenarios

Contract call failures are not always cascading. When failures occur in a sub-call, they do not "bubble up", and the call will only revert at the specific contract level. For example, if contract A calls contract B, and B fails, A can decide how to handle that failure, either proceeding or reverting A's changes.


Dispatchable functions

  • put_code - Stores the given binary Wasm code into the chain's storage and returns its code_hash.
  • instantiate - Deploys a new contract from the given code_hash, optionally transferring some balance. This instantiates a new smart contract account and calls its contract deploy handler to initialize the contract.
  • call - Makes a call to an account, optionally transferring some balance.


The Contract module is a work in progress. The following examples show how this Contract module can be used to instantiate and call contracts.

  • pro is an eDSL that enables writing WebAssembly based smart contracts in the Rust programming language. This is a work in progress.

Related Modules

License: Apache-2.0


~120K SLoC