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#44 in Command line utilities

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MIT license

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nix-your-shell

nixpkgs Crates.io

A nix and nix-shell wrapper for shells other than bash.

nix develop and nix-shell use bash as the default shell, so nix-your-shell prints shell snippets you can source to use the shell you prefer inside of Nix shells.

Usage

nix-your-shell will print out shell environment code you can source to activate nix-your-shell. For example:

$ nix-your-shell fish
# If you see this output, you probably forgot to pipe it into `source`:
# nix-your-shell fish | source

function nix-shell --description "Start an interactive shell based on a Nix expression"
    nix-your-shell fish nix-shell -- $argv
end

function nix --description "Reproducible and declarative configuration management"
    nix-your-shell fish nix -- $argv
end

These replace commands like nix foo bar with nix-your-shell fish nix foo bar. nix-your-shell then parses the nix arguments and adds a --command fish argument before launching the underlying command.

Then, nix-shell, nix develop, and nix shell will use your shell instead of bash, unless overridden explicitly with a --command argument.

Fish

Add to your ~/.config/fish/config.fish:

if command -q nix-your-shell
  nix-your-shell fish | source
end

Zsh

Add to your ~/.zshrc:

if command -v nix-your-shell > /dev/null; then
  nix-your-shell zsh | source /dev/stdin
fi

Xonsh

Add to your ~/.config/xonsh/rc.xsh

if !(which nix-your-shell):
    nix-your-shell xonsh | source

Nushell

[!IMPORTANT] Nushell version >=0.87.0 is required

[!NOTE] Nushell requires sourced configuration files to exist before nu is started.

Add to your ~/.config/nushell/config.nu:

source nix-your-shell.nu

To generate the nix-your-shell.nu file:

Either manually generate it:

nix-your-shell nu | save $env.XDG_CONFIG_HOME/nushell/nix-your-shell.nu

Or ensure it's kept updated alongside nix-your-shell by populating the file with home-manager:

{ config, pkgs, ... }: {
  home.file."${config.xdg.configHome}/nushell/nix-your-shell.nu".source = pkgs.nix-your-shell.generate-config "nu";
}

Installation

You can either install nix-your-shell from this repository or from nixpkgs. The version packaged in nixpkgs will probably lag behind this repository by about a week or so.

nix profile

To install the latest version with nix profile, use one of:

nix profile install github:MercuryTechnologies/nix-your-shell
nix profile install "nixpkgs#nix-your-shell"

nix-env

To install the latest version with nix-env, use one of:

nix-env --install --file https://github.com/MercuryTechnologies/nix-your-shell/archive/refs/heads/main.tar.gz
nix-env --install nix-your-shell

You can later remove the installed program with nix-env --uninstall nix-your-shell.

nix run

Run dynamically with nix run:

nix run github:MercuryTechnologies/nix-your-shell -- zsh
nix run "nixpkgs#nix-your-shell" -- zsh

Note that because the generated shell code will refer to the dynamically-built nix-your-shell executable, it may get garbage collected and cause problems later.

Flakes

nix-your-shell is packaged in nixpkgs, so you can add pkgs.nix-your-shell to environment.systemPackages if you don't need the bleeding edge releases from this repo.

Add to a NixOS flake configuration using the overlay:

flake.nix:

{
  inputs = {
    nixpkgs.url = "github:NixOS/nixpkgs";
    nix-your-shell = {
      url = "github:MercuryTechnologies/nix-your-shell";
      inputs.nixpkgs.follows = "nixpkgs";
    };
  };

  outputs = {
    self,
    nixpkgs,
    ...
  } @ attrs: {
    nixosConfigurations = {
      YOUR_HOSTNAME = nixpkgs.lib.nixosSystem {
        system = "x86_64-linux";
        specialArgs = attrs;
        modules = [./YOUR_HOSTNAME.nix];
      };
    };
  };
}

./YOUR_HOSTNAME.nix:

{
  config,
  pkgs,
  nix-your-shell,
  ...
}: {
  nixpkgs.overlays = [
    nix-your-shell.overlays.default
  ];

  environment.systemPackages = [
    pkgs.nix-your-shell
  ];

  # Example configuration for `fish`:
  programs.fish = {
    enable = true;
    promptInit = ''
      nix-your-shell fish | source
    '';
  };

  # ... extra configuration
}

Adding support for new shells

See #23 for an example of adding support for a new shell to nix-your-shell.

Comparison with any-nix-shell

any-nix-shell does roughly the same thing, and serves as the inspiration for nix-your-shell.

There are a few reasons I wrote nix-your-shell as a competitor:

  • any-nix-shell doesn't support Nix flakes through nix develop. nix-your-shell does.
  • any-nix-shell is a hodgepodge of shell scripts with multiple layers of eval and templating, making hacking or modifying it challenging. In contrast, nix-your-shell is written in Rust with a relatively straightforward structure (the shell environment code generation command and the nix wrappers are the same, so there's no need for dotfile executables on your $PATH).

However, any-nix-shell can optionally display the packages in the current shell on a righthand prompt. nix-your-shell does not support this.

Dependencies

~13–26MB
~354K SLoC