#multipart #async #multipart-formdata #multipart-uploads #formdata

multer

An async parser for multipart/form-data content-type in Rust

10 stable releases

2.0.1 Aug 2, 2021
2.0.0 May 18, 2021
1.2.2 Jul 22, 2020
1.2.1 Jun 3, 2020
1.2.0 May 20, 2020

#9 in Asynchronous

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40,795 downloads per month
Used in 100 crates (14 directly)

MIT license

64KB
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Github Actions Status crates.io Documentation MIT

multer-rs

An async parser for multipart/form-data content-type in Rust.

It accepts a Stream of Bytes as a source, so that It can be plugged into any async Rust environment e.g. any async server.

Docs

Install

Add this to your Cargo.toml:

[dependencies]
multer = "2.0"

Basic Example

use bytes::Bytes;
use futures::stream::Stream;
// Import multer types.
use multer::Multipart;
use std::convert::Infallible;
use futures::stream::once;

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() -> Result<(), Box<dyn std::error::Error>> {
    // Generate a byte stream and the boundary from somewhere e.g. server request body.
    let (stream, boundary) = get_byte_stream_from_somewhere().await;

    // Create a `Multipart` instance from that byte stream and the boundary.
    let mut multipart = Multipart::new(stream, boundary);

    // Iterate over the fields, use `next_field()` to get the next field.
    while let Some(mut field) = multipart.next_field().await? {
        // Get field name.
        let name = field.name();
        // Get the field's filename if provided in "Content-Disposition" header.
        let file_name = field.file_name();

        println!("Name: {:?}, File Name: {:?}", name, file_name);

        // Process the field data chunks e.g. store them in a file.
        while let Some(chunk) = field.chunk().await? {
            // Do something with field chunk.
            println!("Chunk: {:?}", chunk);
        }
    }

    Ok(())
}

// Generate a byte stream and the boundary from somewhere e.g. server request body.
async fn get_byte_stream_from_somewhere() -> (impl Stream<Item = Result<Bytes, Infallible>>, &'static str) {
    let data = "--X-BOUNDARY\r\nContent-Disposition: form-data; name=\"my_text_field\"\r\n\r\nabcd\r\n--X-BOUNDARY--\r\n";
    let stream = once(async move { Result::<Bytes, Infallible>::Ok(Bytes::from(data)) });
    
    (stream, "X-BOUNDARY")
}

Prevent Denial of Service (DoS) Attacks

This crate also provides some APIs to prevent potential DoS attacks with fine grained control. It's recommended to add some constraints on field (specially text field) size to prevent DoS attacks exhausting the server's memory.

An example:

use multer::{Multipart, Constraints, SizeLimit};

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() -> Result<(), Box<dyn std::error::Error>> {
    // Create some constraints to be applied to the fields to prevent DoS attack.
    let constraints = Constraints::new()
         // We only accept `my_text_field` and `my_file_field` fields,
         // For any unknown field, we will throw an error.
         .allowed_fields(vec!["my_text_field", "my_file_field"])
         .size_limit(
             SizeLimit::new()
                 // Set 15mb as size limit for the whole stream body.
                 .whole_stream(15 * 1024 * 1024)
                 // Set 10mb as size limit for all fields.
                 .per_field(10 * 1024 * 1024)
                 // Set 30kb as size limit for our text field only.
                 .for_field("my_text_field", 30 * 1024),
         );

    // Create a `Multipart` instance from a stream and the constraints.
    let mut multipart = Multipart::with_constraints(some_stream, "X-BOUNDARY", constraints);

    while let Some(field) = multipart.next_field().await.unwrap() {
        let content = field.text().await.unwrap();
        assert_eq!(content, "abcd");
    } 
   
    Ok(())
}

Usage with hyper.rs server

An example showing usage with hyper.rs.

For more examples, please visit examples.

Contributing

Your PRs and suggestions are always welcome.

Dependencies

~6MB
~168K SLoC