#mime #filesystem #extension

mime_guess

A simple crate for detection of a file’s MIME type by its extension

26 releases (stable)

2.0.1 Aug 5, 2019
2.0.0-alpha.6 Jul 14, 2018
2.0.0-alpha.4 Feb 24, 2018
2.0.0-alpha.3 Nov 26, 2017
1.1.1 Jul 5, 2015

#4 in Filesystem

Download history 30937/week @ 2019-04-22 32581/week @ 2019-04-29 33082/week @ 2019-05-06 34502/week @ 2019-05-13 35850/week @ 2019-05-20 34460/week @ 2019-05-27 38406/week @ 2019-06-03 36014/week @ 2019-06-10 34725/week @ 2019-06-17 37992/week @ 2019-06-24 35081/week @ 2019-07-01 39045/week @ 2019-07-08 41158/week @ 2019-07-15 42407/week @ 2019-07-22 42955/week @ 2019-07-29

158,562 downloads per month
Used in 1,335 crates (82 directly)

MIT license

91KB
2K SLoC

mime_guess Build Status Crates.io

MIME/MediaType guessing by file extension. Uses a static map of known file extension -> MIME type mappings.

Returning Contributors: New Requirements for Submissions Below

Required Rust Version: 1.33

Documentation

Versioning

Due to a mistaken premature release, mime_guess currently publicly depends on a pre-1.0 mime, which means mime upgrades are breaking changes and necessitates a major version bump. Refer to the following table to find a version of mime_guess which matches your version of mime:

mime version mime_guess version
0.1.x, 0.2.x 1.x.y
0.3.x 2.x.y

Note: MIME Types Returned Are Not Stable/Guaranteed

The media types returned for a given extension are not considered to be part of the crate's stable API and are often updated in patch (x.y.z + 1) releases to be as correct as possible. MIME changes are backported to previous major releases on a best-effort basis.

Note that only the extensions of paths/filenames are inspected in order to guess the MIME type. The file that may or may not reside at that path may or may not be a valid file of the returned MIME type. Be wary of unsafe or un-validated assumptions about file structure or length.

An extension may also have multiple applicable MIME types. When more than one is returned, the first is considered to be the most "correct"--see below for elaboration.

Contributing

Adding or correcting MIME types for extensions

Is the MIME type for a file extension wrong or missing? Great! Well, not great for us, but great for you if you'd like to open a pull request!

The file extension -> MIME type mappings are listed in src/mime_types.rs. The list is sorted lexicographically by file extension, and all extensions are lowercase (where applicable). The former is necessary to support fallback to binary search when the phf-map feature is turned off, and for the maintainers' sanity. The latter is only for consistency's sake; the search is case-insensitive.

Simply add or update the appropriate string pair(s) to make the correction(s) needed. Run cargo test to make sure the library continues to work correctly.

(Important! Updated as of 2.0.0) Citing the corrected MIME type

When opening a pull request, please include a link to an official document or RFC noting the correct MIME type for the file type in question as a comment next to the addition. The latter is a new requirement as of 2.0.0 which is intended to make auditing easier in the future. Bulk additions may request to omit this, although please provide a good reason.

Though we're only guessing here, we like to be as correct as we can. It makes it much easier to vet your contribution if we don't have to search for corroborating material.

Providing citations for existing types

Historically, citations were only required in pull requests for additions or corrections to media types; they are now required to be provided in-line next to the mapping for easier auditing.

If anyone is looking for busy work, finding and adding citations for existing mappings would be an easy way to get a few pull requests in. See the issue tracker for more information.

Multiple MIME types per extension

As of 2.0.0, multiple MIME types per extension are supported. The first MIME type in the list for a given extension should be the most "correct" so users who only care about getting a single MIME type can use the first*() methods.

The defintion of "correct" is open to debate, however. In the author's opinion this should be whatever is defined by the latest IETF RFC for the given file format, or otherwise explicitly supercedes all others.

Changes to the API or operation of the crate

We're open to changes to the crate's API or its inner workings, breaking or not, if it improves the overall operation, efficiency, or ergonomics of the crate. However, it would be a good idea to open an issue on the repository so we can discuss your proposed changes and decide how best to approach them.

License

MIT (See the LICENSE file in this repository for more information.)

Dependencies

~130KB