#mime #extension

mime-infer

A simple crate for detection of a file's MIME type by its extension

2 stable releases

Uses old Rust 2015

3.0.0 Nov 26, 2023
2.0.5 Oct 16, 2023

#2 in #actively

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4,079 downloads per month
Used in 28 crates (4 directly)

MIT license

95KB
2K SLoC

mime_infer GitHub Workflow Status Crates.io

MIME/MediaType infering by file extension. Uses a static map of known file extension -> MIME type mappings.

Returning Contributors: New Requirements for Submissions Below

Required Rust Version: 1.33

Documentation

Versioning

Due to a mistaken premature release, mime_infer currently publicly depends on a pre-1.0 mime, which means mime upgrades are breaking changes and necessitate a major version bump. Refer to the following table to find a version of mime_infer which matches your version of mime:

mime version mime_infer version
0.1.x, 0.2.x 1.x.y
0.3.x 2.x.y

Note: MIME Types Returned Are Not Stable/Guaranteed

The media types returned for a given extension are not considered to be part of the crate's stable API and are often updated in patch (x.y.z + 1) releases to be as correct as possible. MIME changes are backported to previous major releases on a best-effort basis.

Note that only the extensions of paths/filenames are inspected in order to infer the MIME type. The file that may or may not reside at that path may or may not be a valid file of the returned MIME type. Be wary of unsafe or un-validated assumptions about file structure or length.

An extension may also have multiple applicable MIME types. When more than one is returned, the first is considered to be the most "correct"--see below for elaboration.

Contributing

Adding or correcting MIME types for extensions

Is the MIME type for a file extension wrong or missing? Great! Well, not great for us, but great for you if you'd like to open a pull request!

The file extension -> MIME type mappings are listed in src/mime_types.rs. The list is sorted lexicographically by file extension, and all extensions are lowercase (where applicable). The former is necessary to support fallback to binary search when the phf-map feature is turned off, and for the maintainers' sanity. The latter is only for consistency's sake; the search is case-insensitive.

Simply add or update the appropriate string pair(s) to make the correction(s) needed. Run cargo test to make sure the library continues to work correctly.

Important! Citing the corrected MIME type

When opening a pull request, please include a link to an official document or RFC noting the correct MIME type for the file type in question in the commit message so that the commit history can be used as an audit trail.

Though we're only infering here, we like to be as correct as we can. It makes it much easier to vet your contribution if we don't have to search for corroborating material.

Multiple MIME types per extension

As of 2.0.0, multiple MIME types per extension are supported. The first MIME type in the list for a given extension should be the most "correct" so users who only care about getting a single MIME type can use the first*() methods.

The definition of "correct" is open to debate, however. In the author's opinion this should be whatever is defined by the latest IETF RFC for the given file format, or otherwise explicitly supercedes all others.

If an official IANA registration replaces an older "experimental" style media type, please place the new type before the old type in the list, but keep the old type for reference:

- ("md", &["text/x-markdown"]),
+ ("md", &["text/markdown", "text/x-markdown"]),

Changes to the API or operation of the crate

We're open to changes to the crate's API or its inner workings, breaking or not, if it improves the overall operation, efficiency, or ergonomics of the crate. However, it would be a good idea to open an issue on the repository so we can discuss your proposed changes and decide how best to approach them.

License

MIT (See the LICENSE file in this repository for more information.)

Dependencies

~135KB