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CircleCI Client Capabilities Client Support Level Crates.io

Rust client for Kubernetes in the style of client-go. Contains rust reinterpretations of the Reflector and Informer abstractions (but without all the factories) to allow writing kubernetes controllers/operators easily.

This client caters to the more common controller/operator case, but allows you to compile with the openapi feature to get accurate struct representations via k8s-openapi.


To use the openapi generated types:

kube = { version = "0.18.1", features = ["openapi"] }
k8s-openapi = { version = "0.6.0", default-features = false, features = ["v1_15"] }


kube = "0.18.1"

The latter is fine in a CRD-only use case.


See the examples directory for how to watch over resources in a simplistic way.

See version-rs for a super light (~100 lines), actix, prometheus, deployment api setup.

See controller-rs for a full actix example, with circleci, and kube yaml.

API Docs


It's currently recommended to compile with the "openapi" feature if you want an easy experience with accurate native object representations:

let pods = Api::v1Pod(client).within("default");

let p = pods.get("blog").await?;
println!("Got blog pod with containers: {:?}", p.spec.containers);

let patch = json!({"spec": {
    "activeDeadlineSeconds": 5
let patched = pods.patch("blog", &pp, serde_json::to_vec(&patch)?).await?;
assert_eq!(patched.spec.active_deadline_seconds, Some(5));

pods.delete("blog", &DeleteParams::default()).await?;

See the pod_openapi or crd_openapi examples for more uses.


One of the main abstractions exposed from kube::api is Reflector<K>. This is a cache of a resource that's meant to "reflect the resource state in etcd".

It handles the api mechanics for watching kube resources, tracking resourceVersions, and using watch events; it builds and maintains an internal map.

To use it, you just feed in T as a Spec struct and U as a Status struct, which can be as complete or incomplete as you like. Here, using the complete structs via k8s-openapi:

let api = Api::v1Pod(client).within(&namespace);
let rf = Reflector::new(api).timeout(10).init().await?;

then you can poll() the reflector, and read() to get the current cached state:

rf.poll().await?; // watches + updates state

// read state and use it:
rf.read()?.into_iter().for_each(|(name, p)| {
    println!("Found pod {} ({}) with {:?}",
        p.spec.containers.into_iter().map(|c| c.name).collect::<Vec<_>>(),

The reflector itself is responsible for acquiring the write lock and update the state as long as you call poll() periodically.


The other main abstraction from kube::api is Informer<K>. This is a struct with the internal behaviour for watching kube resources, but maintains only a queue of WatchEvent elements along with the last seen resourceVersion.

You tell it what type KubeObject implementing object you want to use. You can use Object<P, U> to get an automatic implementation by using Object<PodSpec, PodStatus>.`

The spec and status structs can be as complete or incomplete as you like. For instance, using the complete structs from k8s-openapi:

type Pod = Object<PodSpec, PodStatus>;
let api = Api::v1Pod(client);
let inf = Informer::new(api.clone()).init().await?;

The main feature of Informer<K> is that after calling .poll() you handle the events and decide what to do with them yourself:

inf.poll().await?; // watches + queues events

while let Some(event) = inf.pop() {
    handle_event(&api, event)?;

How you handle them is up to you, you could build your own state, you can call a kube client, or you can simply print events. Here's a sketch of how such a handler would look:

fn handle_event(pods: &Api<PodSpec, PodStatus>, event: WatchEvent<PodSpec, PodStatus>) -> Result<(), failure::Error> {
    match event {
        WatchEvent::Added(o) => {
            let containers = o.spec.containers.into_iter().map(|c| c.name).collect::<Vec<_>>();
            println!("Added Pod: {} (containers={:?})", o.metadata.name, containers);
        WatchEvent::Modified(o) => {
            let phase = o.status.phase.unwrap();
            println!("Modified Pod: {} (phase={})", o.metadata.name, phase);
        WatchEvent::Deleted(o) => {
            println!("Deleted Pod: {}", o.metadata.name);
        WatchEvent::Error(e) => {
            println!("Error event: {:?}", e);

The node_informer example has an example of using api calls from within event handlers.


Examples that show a little common flows. These all have logging of this library set up to trace:

# watch pod events
cargo run --example pod_informer --features=openapi
# watch event events
cargo run --example event_informer --features=openapi
# watch for broken nodes
cargo run --example node_informer --features=openapi

or for the reflectors:

cargo run --example pod_reflector --features=openapi
cargo run --example node_reflector --features=openapi
cargo run --example deployment_reflector --features=openapi
cargo run --example secret_reflector --features=openapi
cargo run --example configmap_reflector --features=openapi

for one based on a CRD, you need to create the CRD first:

kubectl apply -f examples/foo.yaml
cargo run --example crd_reflector --no-default-features

then you can kubectl apply -f crd-baz.yaml -n default, or kubectl delete -f crd-baz.yaml -n default, or kubectl edit foos baz -n default to verify that the events are being picked up.

For straight API use examples, try:

cargo run --example crd_api --no-default-features
cargo run --example crd_openapi --features=openapi
cargo run --example pod_openapi --features=openapi


All watch calls have timeouts set to 10 seconds as a default (and kube always waits that long regardless of activity). If you like to hammer the API less, you can either call .poll() less often and the events will collect on the kube side (if you don't wait too long and get a Gone). You can configure the timeout with .timeout(n) on the Informer or Reflector.

Raw Api

You can elide the large k8s-openapi dependency if you only are working with Informers/Reflectors, or you are happy to supply partial or complete definitions of the native objects you are working with:

#[derive(Deserialize, Serialize, Clone)]
pub struct FooSpec {
    name: String,
    info: String,
let foos = RawApi::customResource("foos")

type Foo = Object<FooSpec, Void>;
let rf : Reflector<Foo> = Reflector::raw(client, resource).init().await?;

let fdata = json!({
    "apiVersion": "clux.dev/v1",
    "kind": "Foo",
    "metadata": { "name": "baz" },
    "spec": { "name": "baz", "info": "old baz" },
let req = foos.create(&PostParams::default(), serde_json::to_vec(&fdata)?)?;
let o = client.request::<Foo>(req).await?;

let fbaz = client.request::<Foo>(foos.get("baz")?).await?;
assert_eq!(fbaz.spec.info, "old baz");

If you supply a partial definition of native objects then you can save on reflector memory usage.

The node_informer and crd_reflector examples uses this at the moment , (although node_informer is cheating by supplying k8s_openapi structs manually anyway). The crd_api example also shows how to do it for CRDs.


Apache 2.0 licensed. See LICENSE for details.


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