18 releases

0.7.1 Jan 28, 2024
0.7.0 Nov 6, 2021
0.6.1 Oct 18, 2021
0.6.0 Apr 18, 2021
0.3.0 May 11, 2017

#673 in Network programming

22 downloads per month

MIT/Apache

4.5MB
124K SLoC

C 108K SLoC // 0.1% comments Cython 7K SLoC // 0.2% comments Python 4.5K SLoC // 0.3% comments Perl 1.5K SLoC // 0.2% comments RPM Specfile 1.5K SLoC // 0.1% comments Rust 1K SLoC // 0.1% comments Shell 199 SLoC // 0.1% comments Bitbake 19 SLoC // 0.9% comments

ibverbs

Crates.io Documentation codecov Dependency status

Rust API wrapping the ibverbs Remote Direct Memory Access (RDMA) library.

libibverbs is a library that allows userspace processes to use RDMA "verbs" to perform high-throughput, low-latency network operations for both Infiniband (according to the Infiniband specifications) and iWarp (iWARP verbs specifications). It handles the control path of creating, modifying, querying and destroying resources such as Protection Domains, Completion Queues, Queue-Pairs, Shared Receive Queues, Address Handles, and Memory Regions. It also handles sending and receiving data posted to QPs and SRQs, and getting completions from CQs using polling and completions events.

A good place to start is to look at the programs in examples/, and the upstream C examples. You can test RDMA programs on modern Linux kernels even without specialized RDMA hardware by using SoftRoCE.

For the detail-oriented

The control path is implemented through system calls to the uverbs kernel module, which further calls the low-level HW driver. The data path is implemented through calls made to low-level HW library which, in most cases, interacts directly with the HW provides kernel and network stack bypass (saving context/mode switches) along with zero copy and an asynchronous I/O model.

iWARP ethernet NICs support RDMA over hardware-offloaded TCP/IP, while InfiniBand is a general high-throughput, low-latency networking technology. InfiniBand host channel adapters (HCAs) and iWARP NICs commonly support direct hardware access from userspace (kernel bypass), and libibverbs supports this when available.

For more information on RDMA verbs, see the InfiniBand Architecture Specification vol. 1, especially chapter 11, and the RDMA Consortium's RDMA Protocol Verbs Specification. See also the upstream libibverbs/verbs.h file for the original C definitions, as well as the manpages for the ibv_* methods.

Library dependency

libibverbs is usually available as a free-standing library package. It used to be self-contained, but has recently been adopted into rdma-core. cargo will automatically build the necessary library files and place them in vendor/rdma-core/build/lib. If a system-wide installation is not available, those library files can be used instead by copying them to /usr/lib, or by adding that path to the dynamic linking search path.

Thread safety

All interfaces are Sync and Send since the underlying ibverbs API is thread safe.

Documentation

Much of the documentation of this crate borrows heavily from the excellent posts over at RDMAmojo. If you are going to be working a lot with ibverbs, chances are you will want to head over there. In particular, this overview post may be a good place to start.

Dependencies

~2.6–5.5MB
~105K SLoC