#planning #graphplan #plangraph

bin+lib graphplan

Implementation of the Graphplan planning algorithm from Avrim L. Blum and Merrick L. Furst in Rust

6 releases

✓ Uses Rust 2018 edition

0.3.0 Aug 11, 2019
0.2.0 Jan 23, 2019
0.1.3 Jan 19, 2019
0.1.1 Dec 27, 2018

#90 in Algorithms

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EPL-1.0 license

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Implementation of the Graphplan planning algorithm and Plangraph data structure written in Rust.

Original paper: Fast Planning Through Planning Graph Analysis by Avrim L. Blum and Merrick L. Furst


You can load a domain from a toml file (see the resources/example.toml directory for expected format) and instantiate a GraphPlan.


#[macro_use] extern crate graphplan;
use graphplan::GraphPlan;
use graphplan::solver::SimpleSolver;
use graphplan::plangraph::PlanGraph;

fn main() -> () {
    let path = String::from("resources/rocket_domain.toml");
    let mut pg: GraphPlan<_, SimpleSolver> = GraphPlan::from_toml(path);
    println!("Result: {:?}", PlanGraph::format_plan(pg.search()));

The lower level API allows you to constructing your own problem domain programmatically. You can also implement your own solver by implementing the GraphPlanSolver trait.


#[macro_use] extern crate graphplan;
use graphplan::GraphPlan;
use graphplan::proposition::Proposition;
use graphplan::action::Action;
use graphplan::solver::SimpleSolver;

fn main() -> () {
    let p1 = Proposition::from_str("tired");
    let not_p1 = p1.negate();
    let p2 = Proposition::from_str("dog needs to pee");
    let not_p2 = p2.negate();

    let a1 = Action::new(

    let a2 = Action::new(
        String::from("walk dog"),
        hashset!{&p2, &not_p1},

    let mut pg = GraphPlan::new(
        hashset!{p1, p2},
        hashset!{not_p1, not_p2},
        hashset!{a1, a2},

    println!("Result: {:?}", PlanGraph::format_plan(pg.search());

Finite actions

Sometimes you want to have a set actions that can be statically checked. To do that you can use your own ActionId which will be used to uniquely identify an Action. For example:

#[derive(Debug, Clone, Hash, PartialEq, Eq, Ord, PartialOrd)]
pub enum MyAction {

let p1 = graphplan::Proposition::from_str("hungry");
let p2 = p1.negate();
let p3 = graphplan::Proposition::from_str("thirsty");
let p4 = p3.negate();

let a1 = graphplan::Action::new(

let a2 = graphplan::Action::new(

Now our planner knows there will only ever by MyAction set of actions. This is particularly useful if you will be iterating over a plan and want to get the benefit of exhaustiveness checking that way when you add a new action, you'll get a compile time error that you forgot to handle your new action.

Embedding data in actions

Sometimes we also want to attach additional data that's not relevant to GraphPlan, but convenient to pass through. To do that, you can use an enum variant's associated data.

#[derive(Debug, Clone, Hash, PartialEq, Eq, Ord, PartialOrd)]
pub struct LocationId(String);

#[derive(Debug, Clone, Hash, PartialEq, Eq, Ord, PartialOrd)]
pub enum MyAction {

let p1 = graphplan::Proposition::from_str("location1");

let a1 = graphplan::Action::new(

Now the caller can access the associated data of an action (which is specific to your program) when doing something with a returned plan. This avoids a bunch of boilerplate by preventing the need for a bunch of wrapper code around GraphPlan actions and your program.

Running benchmarks

Benchmarks using criterion can be found in the benches directory. To run them:

cargo bench
open target/criterion/report/index.html

Running the wasm demo

This crate ships with a demo of running graphplan in the browser via wasm. To run it you will need to install the cargo-web plugin.

cargo web --features="demo"
open localhost:8000

Then in the js console, the method graphplan.run will take a toml formatted string (see resources/example.toml) and return a plan if there is one.


Copyright (c) Alex Kehayias. All rights reserved. The use and distribution terms for this software are covered by the Eclipse Public License 1.0 (http://opensource.org/licenses/eclipse-1.0.php). By using this software in any fashion, you are agreeing to be bound by the terms of this license. You must not remove this notice, or any other, from this software.


~48K SLoC