#gzip #deflate #zlib #zlib-ng #encoding

flate2-expose

DEFLATE compression and decompression exposed as Read/BufRead/Write streams. Supports miniz_oxide and multiple zlib implementations. Supports zlib, gzip, and raw deflate streams.

2 stable releases

1.0.25 Jun 18, 2022

#53 in Compression

Download history 51/week @ 2022-06-18

51 downloads per month

MIT/Apache

205KB
3.5K SLoC

flate2

Crates.io Documentation

A streaming compression/decompression library DEFLATE-based streams in Rust.

This crate by default uses the miniz_oxide crate, a port of miniz.c to pure Rust. This crate also supports other backends, such as the widely available zlib library or the high-performance zlib-ng library.

Supported formats:

  • deflate
  • zlib
  • gzip
# Cargo.toml
[dependencies]
flate2 = "1.0"

Compression

use std::io::prelude::*;
use flate2::Compression;
use flate2::write::ZlibEncoder;

fn main() {
    let mut e = ZlibEncoder::new(Vec::new(), Compression::default());
    e.write_all(b"foo");
    e.write_all(b"bar");
    let compressed_bytes = e.finish();
}

Decompression

use std::io::prelude::*;
use flate2::read::GzDecoder;

fn main() {
    let mut d = GzDecoder::new("...".as_bytes());
    let mut s = String::new();
    d.read_to_string(&mut s).unwrap();
    println!("{}", s);
}

Backends

The default miniz_oxide backend has the advantage of being pure Rust. If you want maximum performance, you can use the zlib-ng C library:

[dependencies]
flate2 = { version = "1.0.17", features = ["zlib-ng"], default-features = false }

Note that the "zlib-ng" feature works even if some other part of your crate graph depends on zlib.

However, if you're already using another C or Rust library that depends on zlib, and you want to avoid including both zlib and zlib-ng, you can use that for Rust code as well:

[dependencies]
flate2 = { version = "1.0.17", features = ["zlib"], default-features = false }

Or, if you have C or Rust code that depends on zlib and you want to use zlib-ng via libz-sys in zlib-compat mode, use:

[dependencies]
flate2 = { version = "1.0.17", features = ["zlib-ng-compat"], default-features = false }

Note that when using the "zlib-ng-compat" feature, if any crate in your dependency graph explicitly requests stock zlib, or uses libz-sys directly without default-features = false, you'll get stock zlib rather than zlib-ng. See the libz-sys README for details. To avoid that, use the "zlib-ng" feature instead.

For compatibility with previous versions of flate2, the Cloudflare optimized version of zlib is available, via the cloudflare_zlib feature. It's not as fast as zlib-ng, but it's faster than stock zlib. It requires an x86-64 CPU with SSE 4.2 or ARM64 with NEON & CRC. It does not support 32-bit CPUs at all and is incompatible with mingw. For more information check the crate documentation. Note that cloudflare_zlib will cause breakage if any other crate in your crate graph uses another version of zlib/libz.

License

This project is licensed under either of

at your option.

Contribution

Unless you explicitly state otherwise, any contribution intentionally submitted for inclusion in this project by you, as defined in the Apache-2.0 license, shall be dual licensed as above, without any additional terms or conditions.

Dependencies

~0–1.4MB
~21K SLoC