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0.2.4 Dec 16, 2020
0.2.3 Oct 14, 2019
0.1.2 Aug 16, 2018

#517 in Data structures

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MIT license

1.5K SLoC


Build Status Coverage Status MIT License Crate API Docs

Finger trees is a functional representation of persistent sequences supporting access to the ends in amortized constant time, and concatenation and splitting in time logarithmic in the size of the smaller piece. It also has split operation defined in general form, which can be used to implement sequence, priority queue, search tree, priority search queue and more data structures.


  • This implementation does not use non-regular recursive types as implementation described in the paper. As rust's monomorphization does not play well with such types.
  • Implementation abstracts over reference counted types Rc/Arc. Using type family trick.
  • Uses strict spine in implementation.
  • Iterator returns cloned value, and in general this implementation assumes that value stored in a tree is cheaply clonable, if it is not you can always put it in a Rc/Arc or anything else.


use std::iter::FromIterator;
use fingertrees::measure::Size;
use fingertrees::monoid::Sum;
use fingertrees::{FingerTree, Measured, RcRefs};

// construct `Rc` based finger tree with `Size` measure
let ft: FingerTree<RcRefs, _> = vec!["one", "two", "three", "four", "five"]
assert_eq!(ft.measure(), Sum(5));

// split with predicate
let (left, right) = ft.split(|measure| *measure > Sum(2));
assert_eq!(left.measure(), Sum(2));
assert_eq!(Vec::from_iter(&left), vec![Size("one"), Size("two")]);
assert_eq!(right.measure(), Sum(3));
assert_eq!(Vec::from_iter(&right), vec![Size("three"), Size("four"), Size("five")]);

// concatenate
assert_eq!(ft, left + right);

// push values
    vec!["left", "one", "two", "three", "four", "five", "right"]

No runtime deps