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docs.rs Tests

Rust bindings to ExprTk library.

Requires at least Runst version 1.37.


This crate provides bindings for the ExprTk library.

For an overview of the data structures see the ExprTk main page. While exprtk-sys maps most functions of the library to Rust, the high level bindings were considerably simplified. Each Expression owns a SymbolTable, they cannot be shared between different instances, and multiple symbol tables per expression are not possible.

Variables are owned by the SymbolTable instance. The functions for adding variables (add_variable()), strings (add_stringvar()), vectors (add_vector()) all return usize, which is a variable ID representing the index in of the value in an internal data structure. It can be used to later get symbol values and modify them. Scalars are either modified via mutable references, or via std::cell::Cell types without the requirement of mutable access to the SymbolTable. Strings are changed using set_string(), which requires mutable access. Since access and mutation through variable IDs requires a bounds check, these operations are slower than direct modification through pointers, as done in C++. The performance impact is naturally more severe for small expressions with fast running times, but seems not too problematic in most cases. Run cargo bench to see the impact (compare with unsafe variant). For each data type (scalars, strings and vectors), access IDs start at zero and are incremented on addition of new variables of the given type.

As there is no guarantee that double is always f64, the c_double type is used all over the library. Other precisions are currently not supported.

ExprTk does not handle non-ASCII encodings, therefore variable names and formulae are checked for non-ASCII characters or null bytes and will fail with an error.


This code corresponds to the example 1 in the ExprTk documentation:

use exprtk_rs::*;

let expression_string = "clamp(-1.0,sin(2 * pi * x) + cos(x / 2 * pi),+1.0)";

let mut symbol_table = SymbolTable::new();
let var_id = symbol_table.add_variable("x", 0.).unwrap().unwrap();

let mut expression = Expression::new(expression_string, symbol_table).unwrap();

// this value is a reference to a std::cell::Cell that can be changed

while expression.symbols().value(var_id) <= 5. {
    let y = expression.value();
    println!("{}\t{}", expression.symbols().value(var_id), y);
    *expression.symbols_mut().value_mut(var_id) += 0.001;

Unknown variables

Unknown variables encountered in an expression can be automatically added to the symbol table. The function Expression::parse_vars will return a Vec containing the newly added variable names and their variable IDs. This works only for regular variables, not for strings or vectors.

use exprtk_rs::*;

let expr_string = "a*x^2 + b*x + c";

let (mut expr, unknown_vars) = Expression::parse_vars(expr_string, SymbolTable::new()).unwrap();

    vec![("a".to_string(), 0), ("x".to_string(), 1), ("b".to_string(), 2), ("c".to_string(), 3)]

// modify the values
expr.symbols().value_cell(0).set(2.); // a
expr.symbols().value_cell(2).set(3.); // b
expr.symbols().value_cell(3).set(1.); // c
expr.symbols().value_cell(1).set(5.); // x

assert_eq!(expr.value(), 66.);

Example using strings

use exprtk_rs::*;

let mut symbol_table = SymbolTable::new();
let s1_id = symbol_table.add_stringvar("s1", "Hello").unwrap().unwrap();
let s2_id = symbol_table.add_stringvar("s2",  "world!").unwrap().unwrap();

// concatenation
let mut expr = Expression::new("s1 + ' ' + s2 == 'Hello world!'", symbol_table).unwrap();
// a boolean `true` is represented by `1`
assert_eq!(expr.value(), 1.);

// Modifying a string
expr.symbols_mut().set_string(s1_id, "");
assert_eq!(expr.value(), 0.);


There is currently the possibility to add functions/closures with up to ten scalar arguments. Example:

use exprtk_rs::*;

let mut symbol_table = SymbolTable::new();
symbol_table.add_func2("add", |x, y| x + y);
symbol_table.add_variable("x", 1.).unwrap();

let mut expr = Expression::new("add(x, 1)", symbol_table).unwrap();
assert_eq!(expr.value(), 2.);