8 releases

Uses old Rust 2015

0.2.0 Apr 28, 2021
0.1.2 Jan 20, 2021
0.1.1 Oct 23, 2020
0.1.0 Jan 2, 2020
0.0.2 Jan 27, 2019

#152 in Filesystem

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1,528 downloads per month
Used in 4 crates (2 directly)

MIT license

130KB
3K SLoC

dbase-rs

Rust library to read and write .dbf (dBase / FoxPro) files.

Most of the dBase III and FoxPro types can be read and written, with the exception of the Memo which can only be read (writing will come in a later release).

If dbase-rs fails to read or write or does something incorrectly, don't hesitate to open an issue.


lib.rs:

dbase is rust library meant to read and write dBase / FoxPro files.

Theses files are nowadays generally only found in association with shapefiles.

Reading

The Reader is the struct that you'll need to use in order to read the content of a dBase file.

Once you have access to the records, you will have to match against the real FieldValue

Examples

use dbase::FieldValue;
# fn main() -> Result<(), dbase::Error> {
let records = dbase::read("tests/data/line.dbf")?;
for record in records {
    for (name, value) in record {
        println!("{} -> {:?}", name, value);
        match value {
            FieldValue::Character(Some(string)) => println!("Got string: {}", string),
            FieldValue::Numeric(value) => println!("Got numeric value of  {:?}", value),
            _ => {}
        }
    }
}
# Ok(())
# }

You can also create a Reader and iterate over the records.

# fn main() -> Result<(), dbase::Error> {
let mut reader = dbase::Reader::from_path("tests/data/line.dbf")?;
for record_result in reader.iter_records() {
    let record = record_result?;
    for (name, value) in record {
        println!("name: {}, value: {:?}", name, value);
    }
}
# Ok(())
# }

Deserialisation

If you know what kind of data to expect from a particular file you can use implement the ReadbableRecord trait to "deserialize" the record into your custom struct:

use std::io::{Read, Seek};
struct StationRecord {
    name: String,
    marker_col: String,
    marker_sym: String,
    line: String,
}

impl dbase::ReadableRecord for StationRecord {
    fn read_using<T>(field_iterator: &mut dbase::FieldIterator<T>) -> Result<Self, dbase::FieldIOError>
         where T: Read + Seek{
        Ok(Self {
            name: field_iterator.read_next_field_as()?.value,
            marker_col: field_iterator.read_next_field_as()?.value,
            marker_sym: field_iterator.read_next_field_as()?.value,
            line: field_iterator.read_next_field_as()?.value,
        })
    }
}
# fn main() -> Result<(), dbase::Error> {
let mut reader = dbase::Reader::from_path("tests/data/stations.dbf")?;
let stations = reader.read_as::<StationRecord>()?;

assert_eq!(stations[0].name, "Van Dorn Street");
assert_eq!(stations[0].marker_col, "#0000ff");
assert_eq!(stations[0].marker_sym, "rail-metro");
assert_eq!(stations[0].line, "blue");
# Ok(())
# }

If you use the serde optional feature and serde_derive crate you can have the ReadbableRecord impletemented for you

# #[cfg(feature = "serde")]
extern crate serde_derive;

# #[cfg(feature = "serde")]
# fn main() -> Result<(), dbase::Error>{

use std::io::{Read, Seek};
use serde_derive::Deserialize;

#[derive(Deserialize)]
struct StationRecord {
    name: String,
    marker_col: String,
    marker_sym: String,
    line: String,
}

let mut reader = dbase::Reader::from_path("tests/data/stations.dbf")?;
let stations = reader.read_as::<StationRecord>()?;

assert_eq!(stations[0].name, "Van Dorn Street");
assert_eq!(stations[0].marker_col, "#0000ff");
assert_eq!(stations[0].marker_sym, "rail-metro");
assert_eq!(stations[0].line, "blue");
# Ok(())
# }

# #[cfg(not(feature = "serde"))]
# fn main() {
# }

Writing

In order to get a TableWriter you will need to build it using its TableWriterBuilder to specify the fields that constitute a record.

As for reading, you can serialize structs into a dBase file, given that they match the declared fields in when building the TableWriterBuilder by implementing the WritableRecord.

Examples

# fn main() -> Result<(), dbase::Error> {
let mut reader = dbase::Reader::from_path("tests/data/stations.dbf")?;
let mut stations = reader.read()?;

let mut writer = dbase::TableWriterBuilder::from_reader(reader)
    .build_with_file_dest("stations.dbf").unwrap();

stations[0].get_mut("line").and_then(|_old| Some("Red".to_string()));
writer.write_records(&stations)?;
# Ok(())
# }
use dbase::{TableWriterBuilder, FieldName, WritableRecord, FieldWriter, FieldIOError};
use std::convert::TryFrom;
use std::io::{Cursor, Write};

struct User {
    nick_name: String,
    age: f64
}

impl WritableRecord for User {
    fn write_using<'a, W: Write>(&self, field_writer: &mut FieldWriter<'a, W>) -> Result<(), FieldIOError> {
        field_writer.write_next_field_value(&self.nick_name)?;
        field_writer.write_next_field_value(&self.age)?;
        Ok(())
    }
}

let mut writer = TableWriterBuilder::new()
    .add_character_field(FieldName::try_from("Nick Name").unwrap(), 50)
    .add_numeric_field(FieldName::try_from("Age").unwrap(), 20, 10)
    .build_with_dest(Cursor::new(Vec::<u8>::new()));


let records = User{
    nick_name: "Yoshi".to_string(),
    age: 32.0,
};

writer.write_record(&records);

If you use the serde optional feature and serde_derive crate you can have the WritableRecord impletemented for you.

# #[cfg(feature = "serde")]
extern crate serde_derive;

# #[cfg(feature = "serde")]
use serde_derive::Serialize;

use dbase::{TableWriterBuilder, FieldName, WritableRecord, FieldWriter};
use std::convert::TryFrom;
use std::io::{Cursor, Write};

# #[cfg(feature = "serde")]
# fn main () {
#[derive(Serialize)]
struct User {
    nick_name: String,
    age: f64
}

let writer = TableWriterBuilder::new()
    .add_character_field(FieldName::try_from("Nick Name").unwrap(), 50)
    .add_numeric_field(FieldName::try_from("Age").unwrap(), 20, 10)
    .build_with_dest(Cursor::new(Vec::<u8>::new()));


let records = vec![User{
    nick_name: "Yoshi".to_string(),
    age: 32.0,
}];

    writer.write_records(&records);
# }
# #[cfg(not(feature = "serde"))]
# fn main() {}

Dependencies

~0.7–1MB
~15K SLoC