#cbor #derive #data #decoding

macro cbor-data-derive

A library for using CBOR as in-memory representation for working with dynamically shaped data

1 unstable release

0.8.15 Nov 3, 2022

#63 in #cbor

27 downloads per month
Used in 3 crates (via cbor-data)

MIT/Apache

15KB
339 lines

A library for using CBOR as in-memory representation for working with dynamically shaped data.

For the details on the data format see RFC 8949. It is normally meant to be used as a data interchange format that models a superset of the JSON features while employing a more compact binary representation. As such, the data representation is biased towards smaller in-memory size and not towards fastest data access speed.

This library presents a range of tradeoffs when using this data format. You can just use the bits you get from the wire or from a file, without paying initial overhead beyond scanning the bytes once for valid encoding, but then possible causing allocations when working with the data. Or you can canonicalise the bits before using them, guaranteeing that indexing into the data will never allocate.

Regarding performance you should keep in mind that arrays and dictionaries are encoded as flat juxtaposition of its elements, meaning that indexing will have to decode items as it skips over them.

Regarding the interpretation of parsed data you have the option of inspecting the particular encoding (by pattern matching on ItemKind) or inspecting the higher-level CborValue. In the latter case, many binary representations may yield the same value, e.g. when asking for an integer the result may stem from a non-optimal encoding (like writing 57 as 64-bit value) or from a BigDecimal with mantissa 570 and exponent -1.

Example

use cbor_data::{CborBuilder, Encoder, Writer, constants::*};

// create some nonsense CBOR item
let cbor = CborBuilder::new().encode_dict(|builder| {
    builder.with_key("name", |builder| builder.encode_str("Actyx"));
    builder.with_key("founded", |b| b.write_str("2016-02-11T13:00:00+01:00", [TAG_ISO8601]));
    builder.with_key("founders", |builder| builder.encode_array(|builder| {
        builder
            .encode_str("Oliver Stollmann")
            .encode_str("Maximilian Fischer")
            .encode_str("Roland Kuhn");
    }));
});

// access properties
use cbor_data::{PathElement, index_str, CborValue, value::Timestamp};
use std::borrow::Cow::{self, Borrowed};

let item = cbor.index(index_str("name")).unwrap();
assert_eq!(item.decode(), CborValue::Str(Borrowed("Actyx")));

// decoding references source bytes where possible, use make_static() to break ties
let decoded =
    cbor.index([PathElement::String(Borrowed("founded"))]).unwrap().decode().make_static();

// if you know what you’re looking for, you can use the as_* or to_* methods:
let ts = decoded.as_timestamp().unwrap();
assert_eq!(ts.unix_epoch(), 1_455_192_000);
assert_eq!(ts.nanos(), 0);
assert_eq!(ts.tz_sec_east(), 3600);

let item = cbor.index(index_str("founders[1]")).unwrap();
let name = item.decode().to_str();
// to_str() returns an Option<Cow<str>> to allow you to avoid allocations
// (i.e. this still takes the string’s bytes from `&cbor` in this case)
assert_eq!(name.as_ref().map(Cow::as_ref), Some("Maximilian Fischer"));

// access low-level encoding
use cbor_data::ItemKind;

let item = cbor.index(index_str("founded")).unwrap();
assert_eq!(item.tags().collect::<Vec<_>>(), [TAG_ISO8601]);
assert!(matches!(item.kind(), ItemKind::Str(s) if s == "2016-02-11T13:00:00+01:00"));

Dependencies

~1.5MB
~32K SLoC