#rpm #package #cargo #subcommand

app cargo-generate-rpm

Generate a binary RPM package (.rpm) from Cargo projects

7 unstable releases (3 breaking)

0.4.0 Apr 25, 2021
0.3.0 Mar 6, 2021
0.2.1 Jan 10, 2021
0.1.2 Oct 25, 2020

#29 in Cargo plugins

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141 downloads per month

MIT license

49KB
1K SLoC

cargo-generate-rpm

Cargo helper command to generate a binary RPM package (.rpm) from Cargo project.

This command does not depend on rpmbuild and generates an RPM package file without a spec file by using rpm-rs.

Rust cargo-generate-rpm at crates.io

Install

cargo install cargo-generate-rpm

Usage

cargo build --release
strip -s target/release/XXX
cargo generate-rpm

Upon run cargo generate-rpm on your cargo project, a binary RPM package file will be created in target/generate-rpm/XXX.rpm. You can change the RPM package file location using -o option.

In advance, run cargo run --release and strip the debug symbols (strip -s target/release/XXX), because these are not run upon cargo generate-rpm as of now.

Configuration

This command obtains RPM metadata from the Cargo.toml file:

[package.metadata.generate-rpm] options

  • name: the package name. If not present, package.name is used.
  • version: the package version. If not present, package.version is used.
  • license: the package license. If not present, package.license is used.
  • summary: the package summary/description. If not present, package.description is used.
  • assets: (mandatory) the array of the files to be included in the package
    • source: the location of that asset in the Rust project. (e.g. target/release/XXX)
    • dest: the install-destination. (e.g. /usr/bin/XXX)
    • mode: the permissions as octal string. (e.g. 755 to indicate -rwxr-xr-x)
    • config: set true if it is a configuration file.
    • doc: set true if it is a document file.
  • release: optional string of release.
  • epoch: optional number of epoch.
  • pre_install_script: optional string of pre_install_script.
  • pre_uninstall_script: optional string of pre_uninstall_script.
  • post_install_script: optional string of post_install_script.
  • post_uninstall_script: optional string of post_uninstall_script.
  • requires: optional list of Requires
  • auto-req: optional string "no" to disable the automatic dependency process
  • obsoletes: optional list of Obsoletes
  • conflicts: optional list of Conflicts
  • provides: optional list of Provides

[package.metadata.generate-rpm.{requires,obsoletes,conflicts,provides}] options

Dependencies such as "requires", "obsoletes", "conflicts", and "provides" shall be written in similar way as dependencies in Cargo.toml.

[package.metadata.generate-rpm.requires]
alternative = "*"
filesystem = ">= 3"

This example states that the package requires with any versions of alternative and all versions of filesystem 3.0 or higher.

Following table lists the version comparisons:

Comparison Meaning
package = "*" A package at any version number
package = "< version" A package with a version number less than version
package = "<= version" A package with a version number less than or equal to version
package = "= version" A package with a version number equal to version
package = "> version" A package with a version number greater than version
package = ">= version" A package with a version number greater than or equal to version

It is necessary to place a space between version and symbols such as <, <=, etc... package = "version" is not accepted, instead use package = "= version".

This command automatically determines what shared libraries a package requires. There may be times when the automatic dependency processing is not desired. In this case, the package author may set package.metadata.generate-rpm.auto-req to "no" or the user who executes this command may specify command line option --auto-req no.

  • --auto-req auto: The following rules are used to determine the preferred automatic dependency process:
    • If package.metadata.generate-rpm.auto-req set to "no" or "disabled", the process is disabled.
    • If /usr/lib/rpm/find-requires exists, it is used (same behaviour as --auto-req /usr/lib/rpm/find-requires).
    • Otherwise, builtin procedure is used (same behaviour as --auto-req buitin).
  • --auto-req builtin: the builtin procedure using ldd is used.
  • --auto-req /path/to/find-requires: the specified external program is used. This behavior is the same as the original rpmbuild.
  • --auto-req no: the process is disabled.

Advanced Usage

Workspace

To generate an RPM package from a member of a workspace, execute cargo generate-rpm in the workspace directory with specifying the package (directory path) with option -p:

cargo build --release
strip -s target/release/XXX
cargo generate-rpm -p XXX

[package.metadata.generate-rpm] options should be written in XXX/Cargo.toml.

When the option -p specified, first, the asset file source shall be treated as a relative path from the current directory. If not found, it shall be treated as a relative path from the directory of the package. If both not found, cargo generate-rpm shall fail with an error.

For example, source = target/bin/XXX would usually be treated as a relative path from the current directory. Because all packages in the workspace share a common output directory that is located target in workspace directory.

Cross compilation

This command supports --target-dir and --target option like cargo build. Depending on these options, this command changes the RPM package file location and replaces target/release/ of the source locations of the assets.

cargo build --release --target x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu
cargo generate-rpm --target x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu

When --target-dir TARGET-DIR and --target x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu are specified, a binary RPM file will be created at TARGET-DIR/x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu/generate-rpm/XXX.rpm instead of target/generate-rpm/XXX.rpm. In this case, the source of the asset { source = "target/release/XXX", dest = "/usr/bin/XXX" } will be treated as TARGET-DIR/x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu/release/XXX instead of target/release/XXX.

You can use CARGO_BUILD_TARGET environment variable instead of --target option and CARGO_BUILD_TARGET_DIR or CARGO_TARGET_DIR instead of --target-dir.

Dependencies

~5.5MB
~103K SLoC