52 releases (breaking)

0.36.0 May 16, 2024
0.34.2 Mar 25, 2024
0.34.0 Nov 15, 2023
0.32.0 Jun 14, 2023
0.13.0 Jul 22, 2021

#1328 in Magic Beans

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26,410 downloads per month
Used in 30 crates (13 directly)

MIT license

48KB
778 lines

MIT license Crates Docs

Bitcoind

Utility to run a regtest bitcoind process, useful in integration testing environment.

When the auto-download feature is selected by activating one of the version feature, such as 25_1 for bitcoin core 25.1, starting a regtest node is as simple as that:

// the download feature is enabled whenever a specific version is enabled, for example `25_1` or `24_0_1`
#[cfg(feature = "download")]
{
  use bitcoincore_rpc::RpcApi;
  let bitcoind = bitcoind::BitcoinD::from_downloaded().unwrap();
  assert_eq!(0, bitcoind.client.get_blockchain_info().unwrap().blocks);
}

The build script will automatically download the bitcoin core version 25.1 from bitcoin core, verify the hashes and place it in the build directory for this crate. If you wish to download from an alternate location, for example locally for CI, use the BITCOIND_DOWNLOAD_ENDPOINT env var.

When you don't use the auto-download feature you have the following options:

  • have bitcoind executable in the PATH
  • provide the bitcoind executable via the BITCOIND_EXE env var
use bitcoincore_rpc::RpcApi;
if let Ok(exe_path) = bitcoind::exe_path() {
  let bitcoind = bitcoind::BitcoinD::new(exe_path).unwrap();
  assert_eq!(0, bitcoind.client.get_blockchain_info().unwrap().blocks);
}

Startup options could be configured via the Conf struct using BitcoinD::with_conf or BitcoinD::from_downloaded_with_conf

Issues with traditional approach

I used integration testing based on external bash script launching needed external processes, there are many issues with this approach like:

  • External script may interfere with local development environment 1
  • Use of a single huge test to test everything 2
  • If test are separated, a failing test may fail to leave a clean situation, causing other test to fail (because of the initial situation, not a real failure)
  • bash script are hard, especially support different OS and versions

Features

  • It waits until bitcoind daemon become ready to accept RPC commands
  • bitcoind use a temporary directory as datadir. You can specify the root of your temp directories so that you have node's datadir in a RAM disk (eg /dev/shm)
  • Free ports are asked to the OS. Since you can't reserve the given port, a low probability race condition is still possible, for this reason the process is tried to be spawn 3 times with different ports.
  • The process is killed when the struct goes out of scope no matter how the test finishes
  • Allows easy spawning of dependent processes like:

Thanks to these features every #[test] could easily run isolated with its own environment.

Doc

To build docs:

RUSTDOCFLAGS="--cfg docsrs" cargo +nightly doc --features download,doc --open

MSRV

The MSRV is 1.56.1 for version 0.35.*

Note: to respect 1.56.1 MSRV you need to use and older version of some dependencies, in CI the below dependency versions are pinned:

cargo update
cargo update -p tempfile --precise 3.3.0
cargo update -p log --precise 0.4.18

Pinning in Cargo.toml is avoided because it could cause compilation issues downstream.

Nix

For reproducibility reasons, Nix build scripts cannot hit the internet, but the auto-download feature does exactly that. To successfully build under Nix the user must provide the tarball locally and specify its location via the BITCOIND_TARBALL_FILE env var.

Another option is to specify the BITCOIND_SKIP_DOWNLOAD env var and provide the executable via the PATH.

Alternatively, use the dep without auto-download feature.

Used by

Via bdk dependency

Via electrsd dependency:

Dependencies

~10–20MB
~248K SLoC