#ast #pattern #codemod #search #rewrite


Search and Rewrite code at large scale using precise AST pattern

9 releases

Uses new Rust 2021

new 0.2.3 Jan 26, 2023
0.2.2 Jan 25, 2023
0.1.18 Jan 16, 2023

#738 in Cryptography

Download history 32/week @ 2022-12-30 55/week @ 2023-01-06 85/week @ 2023-01-13 107/week @ 2023-01-20

279 downloads per month
Used in ast-grep

MIT license




ast-grep(sg) is a lightning fast and user friendly tool for code searching, linting, rewriting at large scale.


ast-grep is a AST-based tool to search code by pattern code. Think it as your old-friend grep but it matches AST nodes instead of text. You can write patterns as if you are writing ordinary code. It will match all code that has the same syntactical structure. You can use $ sign + upper case letters as wildcard, e.g. $MATCH, to match any single AST node. Think it as REGEX dot ., except it is not textual.

Try the online playground for a taste!




You can install it from npm or cargo!

# install via pnpm
npm install --global @ast-grep/cli

# install via cargo
cargo install ast-grep

Or you can build ast-grep from source. You need install rustup, clone the repository and then

cargo install --path ./crates/cli

Command line usage example

ast-grep has following form.

sg --pattern 'var code = $PATTERN' --rewrite 'let code = new $PATTERN' --lang ts


sg -p '$A && $A()' -l ts -r '$A?.()'
sg -p 'new Zodios($URL,  $CONF as const,)' -l ts -r 'new Zodios($URL, $CONF)' -i



If you find ast-grep interesting and useful for your work, please buy me a coffee so I can spend more time on the project!

Feature Highlight

ast-grep's core is an algorithm to search and replace code based on abstract syntax tree produced by tree-sitter. It can help you to do lightweight static analysis and massive scale code manipulation in an intuitive way.

Key highlights:

  • An intuitive pattern to find and replace AST. ast-grep's pattern looks like ordinary code you would write every day. (You can call the pattern is isomorphic to code).

  • jQuery like API for AST traversal and manipulation.

  • YAML configuration to write new linting rules or code modification.

  • Written in compiled language, with tree-sitter based parsing and utilizing multiple cores.

  • Beautiful command line interface :)

ast-grep's vision is to democratize abstract syntax tree magic and to liberate one from cumbersome AST programming!

  • If you are an open source library author, ast-grep can help your library users adopt breaking changes more easily.
  • if you are a tech lead in your team, ast-grep can help you enforce code best practice tailored to your business need.
  • If you are a security researcher, ast-grep can helpn you write rules much faster.

CLI Screenshot

Feature Command Screenshot
Search sg -p 'Some($A)' -l rs image
Rewrite sg -p '$F && $F($$$ARGS)' -r '$F?.($ARGS)' -l ts image
Report sg scan image


~554K SLoC